(This detailed post is to share Navratri recipes, Navratri vrat/fast rules, Navratri pooja vidhi or procedure or guidelines, kanjak pooja or Navratri kanya pooja, food ingredients allowed for Navratri vrat and how Navratri vrat vidhi is observed in our place.)
This year Chaitra Navratri begins on 25th March 2020 and ends on 3rd April 2020.
Sharad Navratri will begin on 17th October 2020 and ends on 26th October 2020.
Navratri literally means nine nights and during this period, 9 forms of mother goddess or shakti or Devi are worshiped throughout India.
Out of 4 major Navratri, only two Navratri are celebrated. First ‘Chaitra Navratri‘ celebration is when summer is starting (march-april) and second ‘Sharad Navratri’ when winter is starting (oct-nov). Other two Navratri are gupt Navratri. But nowadays many people keep fast and do religious pooja and sadhana during gupt Navratri also. Gupt Navratri was not so popular with common people before but its getting popular.
In north and western India, many people keep fast during Navratri. As its a very good time to make progress in your spiritual practice or to invoke the energy of mother goddess or to purify your body-mind.
Navratri fasting rules varies little from community to community. The same fasting rules applies for fasts during the Ekadashi, Janmashtami and Mahashivratri fasts. I hope this post will be helpful to you all.
You can also check this post which shares 71 Navratri recipes Which covers North Indian Navratri fasting recipes as well as South Indian Navratri festival recipes. You can browse the complete collection of Vrat recipes here.
Food allowed for Navratri vrat or fast
Flours & grains allowed for Navratri fasting
1. Singhare ka atta (water chestnut flour) – you can make Singhare ki poori, paratha, pakoras, halwa .
2. Kuttu ka atta (buckwheat flour) – you can make Khichdi, Paratha, Pakoras, Poori, Halwa.
3. Rajgira ka atta (amaranth flour) and rajgira (amaranth) – you can make Pooris, Vrat ka halwa, Vrat ki kadhi, Paratha, and thalipeeth. Roasted rajgira can be had mixed with fruits, porridge and even ladoos. From amaranth grains you can also make Rajgira kheer.
4. Sama ke chawal ka atta (barnyard millet flour) – can be used to make Vrat ke uttapam, Idli, dosa, pooris.
5. Vrat ke chawal (barnyard millet) – you can make Pulao, Khichdi, Kheer, dalia, Idli, dosa, upma or just plain steamed.
6. Arrowroot flour or paniphal flour – used as a thickener and binding agent
Spices & herbs allowed for Navratri fasting
1. Cumin or cumin powder ( jeera or jeera powder )- you can add them to your curry or veggie dishes or make Jeera aloo.
2. Black pepper powder and rock salt (sendha namak)
4. Green cardamom (chhoti illaichi), cloves (laung), black peppercorns (saboot kali mirch), cinnamon (dalchini) and nutmeg (jaiphal)
5. Dry pomegranate seeds (anardana) – you can make chutney or raita or use it as a souring agent.
6. Ginger – both fresh as well as dry, including dry ginger powder
7. Green chilli or hari mirch and lemons.
8. Ajwain or carom seeds
9. *coriander (dhania) and mint leaves (pudina) and curry leaves (kadi patta) – some folks include and some don’t
10. *dry mango powder (amchur powder), chaat masala, red chili powder – some folks include and some don’t
11. *black salt (kala namak) – some folks include and some don’t
Vegetables allowed for Navratri fasting or upvas
1. Potatoes – make Vrat ke aloo, Dahi aloo, Jeera aloo, Aloo tamatar ki sabzi, Vrat ke aloo palak or you can make snacks like Aloo tuk, Farali pattice, easy Aloo chaat. you can also make halwa or add them to raita.
2. Petha or pumpkin – you can make Kaddu ki sabzi, Halwa, Khatta meetha kaddu sabzi or Pakoras.
3. Shakarkandi or sweet potato – you can make Shakarkandi halwa, Tikki or chaat.
4. Arbi or kachalu or colocasia – you can make many dishes from arbi like Sukhi arbi, Dahi arbi, Arbi tikki, Arbi cutlet.
5. Suran or jimkand or yam (regular yam as well as purple yam) – you can make Suran chips. suran ki sabzi.
6. Raw banana – you can make sabzi, banana fries and Banana chips.
7. Raw or semi ripe papaya – you can make Papaya halwa and salad from raw papaya.
8. *tomatoes – tomatoes are added to curries or sabzis. Tomato sauce and chutney is also made. But some people don’t use tomatoes too.
* some folks also use spinach (palak), bottle gourd (lauki), cucumber (kheera) and carrots (gajar)
Other food or ingredients allowed for Navratri vrat
1. Sabudana or tapioca pearls – sabudana is favorite during fasting. You can make Sabudana khichdi, Sabudana vada, Thalipeeth, Pakora, Ladoo, Tikki, Bhel and Kheer.
2. Makhana or phool makhana – you can make Makhana kheer, Roasted makhana, Aloo makhana, rotis or a simple makhana sabzi.
3. All dry fruits – you can make Dry fruits milkshake or Dry fruits ladoo or Badam pista barfi or add them to halwas or other dishes.
4. All fruits – make Fruit chaat, Vegan fruit salad, Fruit raita, mix Fruit lassi or fruit juices like Musk melon juice, Jackfruit shake, Pineapple juice, Apple milkshake, Guava juice or have them raw.
5. All milk products like paneer, Curd, white butter, cream, ghee, Khoya, malai, condensed milk. But some people make Paneer at home (use lemon juice or curd for curdling the milk) and don’t use the paneer brought from market. with paneer you can make Kalakand, Paneer kheer, Aloo paneer kofta (substitute the corn flour with fasting flours), Paneer barfi.
6. Sugar, honey, gur or jaggery.
7. Tamarind (imli), kokum, lemon juice, yogurt – these can be used as souring agents.
8. Coconut and coconut milk – you can use coconut in your dishes, make Coconut ladoo, Coconut barfi or use Coconut milk in Milkshakes.
9. Melon seeds (magaz), cucumber, peanuts, groundnut oil.
10. Tea is allowed.
Foods to be avoided for Navratri fast or vrat
1. Onion and garlic are strictly avoided. If you find any recipe in a food blog which has onion and garlic then skip adding them. So most vrat recipes make use of curd and ginger.
2. No lentils and legumes.
3. Common salt is not used and instead rock salt or sendha namak also called as upvaas ka namak is used.
4. Turmeric (haldi), asafoetida (hing), mustard (sarson or rai), fenugreek seeds (methi dana), garam masala and dhania powder (coriander powder) are not allowed.
5. Alcohol, non-vegetarian food, eggs and smoking is strictly NO during this holy period.
6. Coffee is not allowed. Homemade ice cream can be consumed. But avoid buying from outside as they might have lot of preservatives.
7. Corn, corn starch, corn flour, oats, flaxseeds, chia seeds not allowed.
8. Only use peanut oil or groundnut oil and ghee for frying purpose. Don’t use any oil made from seeds like sun flower oil.
Flours and grains not allowed for Navratri fasting
1. Rice and rice flour
2. Wheat flour or atta
3. Maida (all purpose flour)
4. Sooji (rava or semolina)
5. Besan (chickpea flour or gram flour)
1. If you want to make roti, poori or paratha for fasting then use above mention singhare ka atta, kuttu ka atta and rajgira ka atta. For making rice based dishes, kindly use sama ke chawal.
Navratri vrat vidhi or procedure or guidelines
How Navratri vrat pooja is observed at my in laws place:
1. To start with if possible, clean the house as you are inviting the goddess mother in your house. You can specially clean your house temple and sprinkle ganga water in it.
2. My mil does not use any onion and garlic in any recipe, no matter other people are keeping fast or not. So try to use all the onions and garlic before the fast is starting.
3. Many devotees keep fast on all nine days. My mil has kept fast on all nine days through out her life. But now because of old age and falling health, she keep fast on one day. If somehow, its not possible for you to keep fast on all nine days then you can try that on each day one person of your family is keeping fast in the house.
Note: some people keep fast on 1st and last day (my mil used to do this for last few years). This year one brahmin lady told her that it is better to keep fast on last 2 days. As after the first day fast you have started eating again and then you are keeping fast on the last day. According to this brahmin lady, it is better to keep fast on last 2 days than on keeping fast on first and last day of Navratri.
4. Many people grow ‘Khetri‘ or Barley seeds during this period. For this they collect, clean mud from an auspicious or clean place. This mud is put in a earthen pot. Clean and wash the barley to remove any insects or impurities and soak them in water for 15-30 minutes and then put these barley or ‘jau’ on the top of mud. Make a thin layer of mud on top of barley, so as to cover it. Don’t put too much mud otherwise barley will not grow and put just enough water to soak the barley. One red color string (mauli) of mata rani is tied to khetri pot.
5. The progress of ‘khetri’ or barley is observed very keenly by the devotee and it is believed that the longer they grow in height, the better it is for your family’s fortune and well being. It is also related to the blessings or happiness of the goddess on you. Few people believe that instead of observing the height of khetri, we should look at the color of khetri. Yellow color khetri is not good whereas green color khetri is considered good. on the last day of Navratri, the khetri is immersed in moving water body like river or even a pond. If there is no water body nearby to your house then you can put the khetri under pipal tree in a temple.
Navratri pooja and items
6. Mata rani ka shingar (cosmetics) – my mil keep them in the house temple and whenever (any day of Navratri) she go to a city temple devoted to maa then she offer these shingar item in the temple. The shingar items include red bangles, red chunri, red lipstick, bindi, mehendi, kajal, nail polish, anklets, mirror and sindhur.
7. One diya or lamp is burned through out the nine days and care must be taken that there is enough ghee or oil in the diya all the time. It is Akhand jyoti (burning all the time for nine days). This akhand jyoti will destroy all the negativity in your house.
8. Along with this one red color chunri or cloth and one mature coconut is kept in the house temple. The thin edge of coconut should be towards the temple.
9. One kalash (earthen or copper pot) is filled with water, 5 betel nuts or suparis, sugar, rice and a five rupees coin and is kept with all these pooja items. In the kalash, red color string of mata rani is tied and this kalash water is sprinkled in your house after the kanjak pooja on 8th or 9th day. You can also drink this water. This water is considered as charanamrit and is holy.
10. After taking bath in the morning , aarti is done for devi maa and bhog is given to maa in the form of dry fruits (5 types), milk, bananas, mishri or other fruits. You can also offer fresh flowers. After doing the aarti or pooja only, my mil takes the food. The same aarti is done in evening time (sandhya kaal) too. Burning incense, dhoop etc is part of morning and evening pooja.
11. Please refrain from tasting the food ingredients for bhog, while assembling or preparing the bhog.
Bhog suggestions for Navratri
The below info about bhog on each day, my mil has seen in television this year and will be part of her Navratri pooja procedure now onwards.
1st day of Navratri (devoted to shailaputri ma) – cow ghee ka bhog. It will bring good health in your life and will keep the diseases away.
2nd day of Navratri (devoted to bharmacharini ma) – sugar and fruits are offered as bhog. It will increase the longevity of your family members
3rd day of Navratri (devoted to (chandraghanta ma) – doodh or milk ka bhog or you can offer sweets or kheer. It will bring relief from pain and misery. After offering milk to ma it can be donated to brahmins.
4th day of Navratri (devoted to kushmanda ma) – malpuda or Puda (skip adding fennel seeds or saunf), after giving this bhog to mata… the pudas can be keep below pipal tree. It increases the intellect and power of discrimination and decision making ability.
5th day of Navratri (devoted to skandamata) – banana or kela ka bhog. It keeps you physical healthy.
6th day of Navratri (devoted to katyayani ma) – honey ka bhog. You can also make donation to pandit on this day. This increases health and beauty.
7th day of Navratri (devoted to kaalratri ma)– jaggery or gur ka bhog. It removes all sorrows and evil from your life. Protects you from sudden calamity.
8th day of Navratri (devoted to maha gauri ma) – mature coconut as bhog. Removes sorrow from your life and give you success. Childless couple are blessed with child.
9th day of Navratri (devoted to siddhidatri ma) – til ka bhog. She is the goddess of all siddhis.
Note – back home, this bhog is later on offered to nearby devi ma temple or given to any small girl (kanjak) or offered to any brahmin who conducts pooja service at your home. Last option is to eat the bhog with devotion.
Chanting, mantras and bhav: try to keep your body and mind clean. Keep your thoughts focused on maa or goddess while doing your household work. You can do some special pooja or havan in your house or chant ‘jai mata di’ or chant durga saptashati or sri lalita sahasranama. You can also chant the mantra “Aaim hreem kleem chamundayai vichche” – 108 times (1 mala) in morning and one mala in evening. celibacy is strictly observed on all the nine days of Navratri.
You can also visit devi temples during these days or can play devotional songs or mata ke bhajan in the house to help your mind to stay connected with maa.
Fasting food – there is no fix rule and it varies from community to community. Some people eat only one flour based diet in a day and rest of the day they take milk, tea, fruits etc. Those who can not go for such strict diet take 2 flour based meals. In my place, we also buy ‘seel ki patti or laddu’ – made from popped amaranth seeds, from the grocery stores and have it during the fasting. Normally, there is always relaxation for old or sick people, even for nursing mothers or for those who can not follow rigorous fasting rules. But non-veg food and alcohol should not be allowed in the house till Navratri is over. No matter you are keeping Navratri fast or not.
Navratri kanjak pooja Or kanya pooja
Many families also do kanya puja on 8th or 9th day. My parents get up early in the morning, take bath and wear fresh clothes to start the pooja preparation. in the kanya puja, nine girls who have not reached the puberty stage are worshiped. For the devotee these nine girls represents nine forms of goddess durga. The young girls who sit for kanya pooja take bath in the morning and wear new clothes.
I have seen this kanjak puja. First the feet of the girls are washed with water by the family elders. One mauli (red color string) is tied on their hands and tilak is put on forehead. Then they are worshiped and blessings is taken from them. After the customary Navratri kanya pooja, small girls are offered prasadam which is usually Puri, Dry black chana and Halwa. the coconut which is kept in the house temple is also broken during this occasion and is part of prasad. Some families also worship one small boy in the form of bhairav but most families only worship the girls. Many people insist that only girls should sit for kanjak pooja.
Minimum two girls should sit for kanjak pooja. No restriction on doing pooja with more than 2 girls but minimum two girls, older than one year of age is must. If in your locality, nine girls can sit for kanjak pooja then very good. You can worship them as nine forms of goddess.
Along with the prasadam and eatables (in one plate puri, black chana and halwa is given), gifts, fruits and money is given to the girls (nowadays many people give gifts items like chocolate, frooti etc). Fruits are must to be given.
Make sure that the girls eat part of poori, chana and halwa before going to another house for pooja. They won’t be able to eat much. So just one bite is also enough and take blessings from them which they will give by gently patting on your head.
With the tilak on head and so much attention, love, and devotion received, these small girls really look divine and they are really sought after on kanjak pooja day. Raksha Bandhan and kanjak pooja are two big days for small girls !!!
Note: if you have followed the rituals correctly during nine days and the worship of nine girls is done with real devotion then goddess will be there inside the girls when you are worshiping them. Its all up to your devotion and faith in ma. If you can call maa with real devotion then she will come for sure.
Secondly, if you stay abroad and you can not arrange two girls for kanjak pooja or there is no devi ma temple near by. Then you can follow this procedure on last day pooja – in your house prepare poori, halwa and dry kala chana as prasad. Make as many plates of prasad (poori, halwa, kala chan) as there are members in your house (you can include your son or daughter who might be staying else where). Offer these prasad plates to devi ma and after some time once you feel that maa has taken the prasad then eat it immediately with devotion. Prasad should always be eaten first before eating any other food and have it as soon as possible.
When Navratri fast is broken
On the day, kanjak pooja is done, the Navratri fast is broken in my house. Some people do kanjak pooja on 8th day (ashtami) and some do it on 9th day (navami) and few people do it on Dussehra (10th). Mostly it is done on 8th or 9th day. the day kanjak pooja is done, on that day in our house we do the immersion of khetri along with red cloth (chunri) in moving water (e.g. River) or it can be kept under pippal tree in a temple.
Normally, in our house pooja is completed early morning itself. If you also want to do kanjak pooja on 9th then keep fast on 8th (ashtami) as many people keep fast on 1st and last day of Navratri.
Please Don’t take this above navrati vrat procedure or guidelines as a thumb rule. I am just sharing the procedure which is observed at my in law’s place and it is just for your reference and help. Navratri vrat rules are flexible and vary from family to family. I have also seen, some families who have started growing khetri in their home seeing my mil doing it.
Most important thing in religious fast or acts is your devotion and purity of heart. If somehow you miss any rule or make a mistake, don’t worry. Mother goddess is always kind to her children and is forgiving. Just make sure that your heart is clean or without malice for anyone and your energies are devoted to righteous actions. Instead of regretting about the mistake which happened unknowingly, try to remember maa all the time. Keep your thoughts on maa and don’t waste in mundane matters.
Disclaimer: The above compiled list and info are based upon the food ingredients that we include for Navratri fasting in our family and inputs from friends. If in doubt, then please consult your family elders.
If you find this post helpful, then do share it with your friends and family members.
Jai Mata Di