sambar recipe with step by step photos. sambar is a staple in south indian homes and also equally popular and loved by many. the sambar recipe shared here is an easy method to make delicious vegetable sambar. some answers to help if you are new to indian cuisine or you can directly jump to recipe.
what is sambar ?
sambar is a south indian lentil and vegetable stew made with lentils, tamarind and a unique spice blend called sambar powder. a basic sambar recipe will have a mix or one or two types of vegetables along with lentils, tamarind, sambar powder and a few spices.
it is healthy as well as nutritious. it is rich in protein and also other nutrients like vitamins, minerals etc as its made from both lentils and vegetables. sambar served with rice or idli makes up for a complete meal.
a good sambar powder always yields a good and tasty sambar. so when you make it, try to have a good aromatic sambar powder. you can also use your favorite brand of sambar powder. i make sambar powder at home and i feel homemade sambar powder gives the best and perfect taste in sambar.
which vegetables are added in sambar recipe
sambar can be made with just one vegetable or a mix of vegetables. the vegetables that can be used alone or in combination are:
|ash gourd (white pumpkin)||petha|
|drumstick||saijan ki phalli|
|pearl onions, shallots, onions||chote pyaaz ya pyaaz|
|okra (lady fingers)||bhindi|
|bottle gourd||lauki, dudhi, ghiya|
|banana stem||kele ka tana|
|plantain (unripe raw banana)||kacha kela|
|green beans (french beans)||faraz bean|
|ivy gourd||tindora, tendli|
from the above list you can have a combination of vegetables. if using greens like spinach or amaranth, then just add them exclusively and do not mix with other vegetables. you can also add your choice of veggies.
which dal is used in making sambar recipe
- traditionally sambar is always made with tuvar dal (arhar dal or pigeon pea lentils).
- even moong dal (yellow mung lentils) or masoor dal (orange lentils) can be used to make sambhar.
- a mix of tuvar dal and masoor dal can also be used. on occasions, i also make it only with mung dal.
- you can also use a combination of tuvar dal and moong dal.
- in some variations, black eyed beans (lobia, chawli) and whole moong beans are also used.
how is sambar made
a basic sambar is made by cooking vegetables and dal separately. the dal is cooked till it is mushy and then mashed. cooked vegetables, mashed dal, tamarind pulp and sambar powder are mixed together and then simmered for some minutes. later a tempering is done of oil with mustard seeds, curry leaves, asafoetida and dry red chilies. this tempering or tadka is added to sambar.
sambar variations you can make
there are many variations of sambhar. each south indian state has some variations like adding a specific oil or adding a few more ingredients or spices in the sambar powder.
- e.g in tamil nadu sesame oil (gingelly oil) is used, whereas in kerala, coconut oil is added.
- some variations have making a ground sambar masala paste with or without coconut. in some variations the coconut is roasted till its golden and then ground to a paste. so depending on the ingredients used, the sambaar will have a different taste and flavor.
- in karnataka, a bit of jaggery is added in the sambar powder. this gives the sambar a faint sweet taste.
- mostly arhar dal or tuvar dal is used when making sambar. but in some variations masoor dal (orange lentils) and yellow moong lentils (mung dal) can also be used. a combination of these three lentils can also be used.
popular sambar recipes or varieties
based on the variations done in a sambhar recipe one gets different types of sambar. i have posted many sambar recipes on blog made with only one vegetable or some variation in the recipe or method. some well-known sambar varieties are:
- drumstick sambar – made with drumsticks
- arachuvitta sambar – made with ground paste of roasted coconut and spices
- idli sambar – hotel style tiffin sambar for idli, medu vada and dosa.
- varutharacha sambar – made with coconut and spices. from the kerala cuisine.
- mullangi sambar – made with only radish
how to serve sambar
sambar is served with steamed rice, idli, dosa or medu vadai or uttapam. you can vary the consistency of sambhar and serve it with whatever dish you are making like idli or dosa or rice. a slightly thin sambhar is served with idlis, dosa and medu vada. medium to thick consistency sambar is served with steamed rice. it can also be had with idli, medu vada, dosa and also steamed rice.
sambar can be made really flavorful and tasty if you follow some handy tips which are listed below.
tips to make best sambar recipe
- the main flavor and aroma of sambar come from using a good and fresh sambar powder. so always use a homemade sambar powder or you can use your favorite brand of sambhar powder.
- another flavor and taste elements in the sambar come from the addition of vegetables. so depending on the type of vegetables used, the sambhar will taste different. personally i prefer a mix of drumsticks, brinjals, pumpkin or ash gourd, pearl onions, carrots and okra.
- always use a good quality and fresh tuvar dal. the fresher the dal is the better it tastes and cooks faster.
- for tamarind, it is better to use fresh tamarind. if you use aged tamarind, then it will be darker in color and more sour. so add a bit less tamarind than what is mentioned in this recipe.
- always cook the vegetables till they are done but whole. they should not break or become a mush in the sambar. so when cooking, add vegetables which cook slower first and cook them for some minutes. then add vegetables which cook faster.
- both gingelly oil (raw sesame oil) and edible coconut oil give a really good taste in sambaar. if you do not have these oils, then you can even use sunflower oil or peanut oil.
- while tempering or tadka, always fry on a low flame and stir regularly. the spices and herbs fry fast, so you have to be attentive. if the tempering gets burned, then discard it and make a new tempering. never add a burnt tempering in sambhar as it will spoil the entire taste of sambhar.
- by adding less or more water, you can change the consistency of sambar. but do not add too much water and make it thin as then the flavors and taste gets diluted. for serving with rice you can make a thick sambhar and for serving with idli or dosa, you can make a medium consistency sambar.
- in case if you find the taste of sambar more sour, then you can always balance the sour taste by adding a bit of jaggery.
i usually make sambhar recipe using the method mentioned in this post as its a foolproof recipe method – where both the dal and vegetables are cooked to perfection. so you do not get half cooked dal or mushy pasty vegetables. it is also an easy method of making sambar.
i usually add a mix of vegetables from the list mentioned above or just one vegetable in the sambhar. in this sambar recipe, i have added drumstick, okra, pumpkin, carrots, brinjals, french beans and small onions.
How to make Sambar Recipe
a) making tamarind pulp
1. before we begin making sambar, it always helps to soak tamarind in water earlier. so soak 1 tablespoon tamarind in ⅓ cup hot water for 20 to 30 minutes.
2. once the tamarind gets soft, then squeeze the tamarind in the water itself. discard the strained tamarind and keep the tamarind pulp aside.
cooking dal for sambar
3. rinse ½ cup tuvar dal (100 grams) a couple of times in water.
4. drain all the water and add the dal in a 2 litre pressure cooker. also add ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder.
5. add 1.5 to 1.75 cups of water and mix.
6. cover and pressure cook dal for 7 to 8 whistles or 10 to 12 minutes on medium flame.
7. when the pressure settles down on its own, open the lid and check the dal. the dal should be completely cooked and mushy. mash the dal with a spoon or wired whisk. cover and keep aside. you can see the consistency of dal in the picture below.
cooking vegetables for sambar
8. when the dal is pressure cooking – rinse, peel and chop the vegetables. when making sambar, chop the vegetables which get cooked faster in large sizes like pumpkin, brinjals, okra, drumsticks etc. vegetables which take more time to cook are to be chopped in small sizes like carrots, potatoes, etc. i have chopped the pumpkin in large cubes and the carrots and potatoes in small cubes. chop the brinjals before you add them in the pan or else they darken. you will need 1 to 1.5 cup of chopped vegetables.
9. take 1 to 1.5 cups chopped vegetables in a pan or pot. also add 6 to 7 pearl onions or 1 small to medium onion (thickly sliced) and 1 small to medium tomato (quartered).
10. sprinkle ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder, ¼ teaspoon kashmiri red chilli powder and salt as per taste. adding kashmiri red chili powder is optional and can be skipped. i add it for a nice bright color in the sambhar.
11. add 1.5 to 2 cups water and stir. add enough water so that they cover the vegetables.
12. keep the pan on a stove top and begin to cook vegetables on a medium-low to medium flame. in between do check when the vegetables are cooking.
13. cook till the vegetables are almost done. ensure that you don’t overcook the vegetables.
making sambar recipe
14. then add the tamarind pulp.
15. stir well.
16. next add 1 to 1.5 tablespoons sambar powder. at this step you can also add ½ to 1 teaspoon of jaggery powder. adding jaggery is optional.
17. stir and mix well again.
18. add the mashed dal.
19. mix very well. if the consistency looks very thick, you can add some water. you can easily adjust the quantity of water and make medium to thin consistency of sambhar.
20. simmer on a medium-low flame till it comes to a boil. stir at intervals. you will see a frothy layer on top when the sambar begins boiling. at this step switch off the flame. cover and keep aside. check the taste and add salt if required.
tempering for sambar recipe
21. in a small pan or tadka pan, heat 2 tablespoons gingelly oil (oil made from raw sesame seeds). you can even use sunflower oil, ghee or coconut oil instead. add ½ tsp mustard seeds.
22. let the mustard seeds crackle.
23. then add 1 to 2 dry red chillies (halved and seeds removed).
24. immediately add 10 to 12 curry leaves, 5 to 6 methi seeds and 2 pinches of asafoetida (hing).
25. fry them till the red chilies change color and curry leaves become crisp.
26. immediately add this tempering mixture in the hot sambaar.
27. cover the pan with its lid for 4 to 5 minutes, so that the aroma and flavors from the tempering mixture get infused with the sambar.
28. serve sambar hot. garnish with a few coriander leaves if you prefer. usually, it is is cooked a two-three hours earlier as its taste becomes better with time. however, we prefer sambar to be served as soon as it is made. it can also be served with steamed rice, idli, dosa, medu vada or uttapam.
for tamarind pulp
- 1 tablespoon tamarind
- ⅓ cup hot water
for cooking dal
- ½ cup tuvar dal or arhar dal (pigeon pea lentils), 100 grams
- ¼ teaspoon turmeric
- 1.5 to 1.75 cups water or add as required
for cooking vegetables
- 1 to 1.5 cups cleaned and chopped vegetables like okra, french beans, potatoes, small round brinjals, pumpkin
- 1 to 2 drumsticks, scraped and chopped in 3 to 4 inches sticks.
- 6 to 7 pearl onions (sambar onions) or 1 small to medium onion, thickly sliced
- 1 small to medium tomato, quartered or diced
- ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder
- ½ teaspoon kashmiri red chilli powder - optional
- salt as required
- 1.5 to 2 cups water or add as required
- 1 to 1.5 tablespoons sambar powder
- 2 tablespoons sesame oil (gingelly oil), can also use coconut oil or sunflower oil or ghee
- ½ teaspoon mustard seeds
- 1 to 2 dry red chillies - halved and seeds removed
- 10 to 12 curry leaves
- 2 pinch asafoetida (hing)
- 5 to 6 fenugreek seeds (methi seeds) - optional
- 1 tablespoon chopped coriander leaves (cilantro leaves) - optional
making tamarind pulp
- soak 1 tablespoon tamarind in ⅓ cup hot water for 20 to 30 minutes.
- once the tamarind gets soft, then squeeze the tamarind in the water itself. discard the strained tamarind and keep the tamarind pulp aside.
- rinse ½ cup tuvar dal (100 grams) a couple of times in water.
- drain all the water and add the dal in a 2 litre pressure cooker. also add ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder.
- add 1.5 to 1.75 cups water and mix. cover and pressure cook dal for 7 to 8 whistles or 10 to 12 minutes on medium flame.
- when the pressure settles down on its own, open the lid and check the dal. the dal should be completely cooked and mushy.
- mash the dal with a spoon or wired whisk. cover and keep aside. you can see the consistency of dal in the pic below.
- when the dal is pressure cooking – rinse, peel and chop the vegetables.
- take 1 to 1.5 cups chopped vegetables in a pan or pot. also add 6 to 7 pearl onions or 1 small to medium onion (thickly sliced) and 1 small to medium tomato (quartered).
- sprinkle ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder, ¼ teaspoon kashmiri red chilli powder and salt as per taste. adding kashmiri red chili powder is optional and can be skipped.
- add 1.5 to 2 cups water and stir.
- keep the pan on a stove top and begin to cook vegetables on a medium-low to medium flame. in between do check when the vegetables are cooking.
- cook till the vegetables are almost done. ensure that you don’t over cook the vegetables.
- once the vegetables are almost cooked, then add the tamarind pulp and 1 to 1.5 tablespoons sambar powder. mix well.
- add the mashed dal. mix again very well.
- simmer on a medium-low flame till it comes to a boil.
- you will see a frothy layer on top when the sambar begins boiling. at this step switch off flame. cover and keep aside.
tempering for sambar
- in a small pan or tadka pan, heat 2 tablespoons gingelly oil. add ½ tsp mustard seeds.
- let the mustard seeds crackle.
- then add 1 to 2 dry red chillies (halved and seeds removed).
- immediately add 10 to 12 curry leaves, 5 to 6 methi seeds and 2 pinches of asafoetida (hing).
- fry them till the red chilies change color and curry leaves become crisp.
- immediately add this tempering mixture in the hot sambar.
- cover the pan with its lid for 4 to 5 minutes, so that the aroma and flavors from the tempering mixture gets infused with the sambar.
- serve sambar hot. you can garnish it with a few coriander leaves if you prefer. it can also be served with steamed rice, idli, dosa, medu vada or uttapam.
tips for sambar recipe
- for faster cooking you can soak the lentils in water for 30 to 45 minutes before cooking them.
- the vegetables can also be steamed in a steamer or pressure cooker.
- a few crushed garlic cloves can also be added to the tempering. this imparts a different flavor to sambar.
- a bit of jaggery can also be added.