idli recipe, how to make idli batter for soft idli | idli recipe with rice

Jump to Recipe
idli recipe, how to make idli, idli batter recipe

idli recipe with lots of tips and suggestions so that you can make soft and fluffy idli easily. this idli recipe post also details the method of making idli batter. idli is a popular indian breakfast which is filling as well as nutritious. 

4.49 from 97 votes
total time:
565minutes

idli recipe with video and step by step photos – tried and tested method to make soft and fluffy idlis at home.

idli recipe, how to make idli, idli batter recipe

what is idli

idli is a soft, pillowy steamed savory cake made from rice and lentil batter. the lentils used in making idlis are urad dal (black gram). idli is a traditional breakfast made in every south indian household including mine. idlis are popular not only in the whole of india but outside india too. idlis are naturally vegetarian, vegan, gluten free and makes for one of the healthiest breakfast.

how is idli batter made

there are two ways you can prepare idli batter:

  1. one method uses idli rice along with urad dal. idli rice is parboiled rice and used specifically for making idli and dosa.
  2. the second method uses idli rava with urad dal. idli rava is coarsely ground idli rice and is easily available in shops and online. i have shared the method of making idlis with idli rava in this post – idli made with idli rava.this idli recipe post shares the method of using rice to make the batter. generally only idli rice is used to prepare idlis. but not everywhere in india, is idli rice easily available. here the recipe shares the method of using two kinds of rice. one is parboiled rice and other is a regular rice. you can even make idlis with short grained rice. on occasions, my mom makes one of the best idlis with parmal rice. she only uses parmal rice and split urad dal. no methi seeds, no baking soda or anything. at times i also make idli with the traditional method of using only idli rice.

how is idli batter ground

for making a simple traditional idli, first both the rice and the urad dal are soaked separately for 4 to 5 hours. then the lentils (urad dal) are ground to a soft, fluffy batter. later the rice is ground to a semi fine consistency. both the batters are mixed and allowed to ferment. the grinding of the batters, can be done in a stone wet grinder or in a mixer-grinder.

grinding in a stone grinder is helpful if making a large quantity of idli batter. the advantage of grinding in a stone grinder is that the urad dal batter gets ground really well and thus the idli batter ferments also well.

i have both a stone grinder and a mixer grinder. for smaller quantities i use the mixie for grinding and for larger quantities i use the stone grinder. both work differently and the amount of water to be added also varies.

however, everyone does not have a stone grinder. so, here i have shared the detailed method on how to grind the batter in a mixer grinder with lots of tips and suggestions in the step by step pics.

how long does it take for idli batter to ferment

fermentation is a key factor in getting soft, light and fluffy idlis. for proper fermentation of idli batter a warm temperature is apt. in cold climates, fermentation does not happen well. i get a lot of queries on how to ferment idli or dosa batter in winters. so i have summarized my experiences in the following points below:

  1. keep the idli batter bowl in a warm place – e.g near a heater or in a warm place in your kitchen.
  2. you can also preheat your oven at a low temperature (80 to 90 degrees celsius) for about 10 to 15 minutes. then switch off the oven and keep the batter bowl inside – i use this method when it becomes very cold outside.
  3. alternatively, if your oven has lights, then keep the lights on and place the batter inside.
  4. addition of a bit of sugar does help in fermenting the batter. so i use this method at times in the winters here.
  5. during winters, skip adding salt to the idly batter as salt retards the fermentation process. its better to use rock salt or sea salt. i always use rock salt in the idli batter.
  6. in winters, keep the batter for a longer time to ferment, like 14 to 24 hours.
  7. do remember that even if you do not see the batter doubled or tripled, you should see tiny bubbles in the batter. you should also get the typical faint sour fermented aroma from the idli batter.
  8. you can even add ¼ to ½ tsp of instant yeast (dissolved in 2 to 3 teaspoons of water) 30 to 45 minutes before you steam the idlis. but do this method when the batter has not fermented well. the downside of this method is that you have to use all the batter at once. if you refrigerate than the batter gets too yeasty and sour.
  9. you can also add ¼ to ½ baking soda and then ferment the batter in cold seasons.
  10. addition of methi seeds (fenugreek seeds) also help in fermentation.
  11. urad dal has to be ground really well. urad dal batter has to be soft, light and fluffy. so i suggest to grind both urad dal and rice separately to get soft and fluffy idlis. a well ground urad dal batter also helps in fermentation.
  12. also do remember to add the correct amount of water in the batter. if the water is less, then the idlis will become dense.

how is idli made

the ground idli batter is fermented overnight or for 8 to 9 hours. then the fermented idli batter is steamed in an idli pan. the steaming time is generally from 12 to 15 minutes. idlis should never be over steamed as then they become dry and dense. idli pans or idli moulds are easily available in shops and even online.

how is idli served

  • idli is served with coconut chutney and sambar. idlis are dunked in sambar and eaten. there are quite a number of both sambar and coconut chutney varieties that one can make to go with idlis.
  • idlis is also served with idli podi or gun powder. idli podi is a condiment powder made with lentils and spices. if you do not have time to make sambar, then you can just serve idlis with coconut chutney and idli podi. idlis can also be served with curd which has been spiced and tempered.

idli sambar

variations with idli batter

there are many possible variations you can do with a basic idli batter. you can add lentils like moong dal and make moong dal idlis. even millets, flattened rice (poha) can be added to the batter. oats can also be added. experiment with proportions and then decide on the one which gives you the best idli in terms of texture and taste.

other variations are making stuffed idli, idli sandwich or idli pizza etc. i have shared some traditional idli variations like:

what to do with left over idlis

at times there is an extra or surplus of idlis left. you can use these idlis the same day to make a new recipe or refrigerate them and use the next day. with leftover idlis you can make the following recipes.

  • idli manchurian – idlis stir fried with veggies in a spicy, sweet and sour sauce.
  • masala idli – idlis sautéed in a onion and tomato masala.
  • idli fry – shallow fried or deep fried crispy idlis.
  • idli chilli – spicy indo chinese recipe of idlis in a spicy and sour sauce.
  • idli chaat – quick and easy to make spicy, sweet and tangy chaat.
  • idli upma – tasty variety of upma made with idlis.

what is the difference between idli and dosa batter

both idli and dosa batter are made from rice and lentils. idli batter is more thick in consistency than a dosa batter. to make dosa, the batter is spread on the tava (griddle) and thus needs to have a slight flowing and spreadable consistency.

  • for idli batter the ratio to be used is 4:1 of rice and lentils. from this 4:1 ratio of idli batter, you can even make dosa. i always use the proportion of 4:1 to make idli. the proportion of rice and urad dal is always a matter of controversy. so i suggest experiment with different types of rice and come to your own standard measurements which will give you perfect idlis.
  • for dosa, the ratio that is generally used is 3:1 of rice and lentils. also do not that for making dosa batter, you can easily use rice like sona masuri, parmal rice or can even use idli rava instead of idli rice.

idli is a breakfast i have grown up with. on every weekends, soaking rice & lentils, then preparing idli batter was a regular ritual. every sunday, i knew we would get piping hot idlis or soft dosa for breakfast along with chutney and sambar.

initially, when preparing idlis for the first time, i ran into problems. but now after so many years of experience, i can make really good idlis and dosa.

for a more softer texture in idli, i always add thick poha (flattened rice) or cooked rice. this is optional and you can skip adding poha. you could also steam idlis in a damp muslin cloth. steaming idlis this way also gives a soft texture.

with this recipe of idli batter, you can also make crisp dosas. you can use this batter on the same day, the batter is fermented to make dosas. or else you can make idlis on the first day and make dosas or uttapams on the second day. serve idlis hot or warm with sambar and coconut chutney.

i have also attached video (2.08 minutes quick video) in the recipe card below. in the video i have shown the preparation of idli with 2 cups of idli rice. but you can even use 1 cup of regular rice and 1 cup of parboiled rice.

idli recipe, how to make idli, idli batter recipe
4.49 from 97 votes
print

idli recipe

idli recipe with lots of tips and suggestions so that you can make soft and fluffy idli easily. this idli recipe post also details the method of making idli batter. idli is a popular indian breakfast which is filling as well as nutritious. 
course breakfasts, snacks
cuisine south indian
prep time 9 hours
cook time 25 minutes
total time 9 hours 25 minutes
servings 30 idlis
rough calories per serving 37 kcal
author dassana amit

ingredients (1 cup = 250 ml)

  • 1 cup regular rice + 1 cup parboiled rice OR 2 cups idli rice OR 2 cups parboiled rice
  • ½ cup whole or split urad dal OR 120 grams whole or split urad dal (husked black gram)
  • ¼ cup thick poha OR 20 grams thick poha (flattened rice)
  • ¼ teaspoon fenugreek seeds (methi seeds)
  • 2 cups water for soaking rice
  • 1 cup water for soaking urad dal
  • ½ cup water for grinding urad dal or add as required
  • ¾ to 1 cup water for grinding rice or add as required
  • 1 teaspoon rock salt (sendha namak) or sea salt
  • oil as required to apply to the idli moulds
  • 2.5 cups water for steaming idlis

how to make idli recipe

soaking rice and dal

  1. pick and rinse both the regular rice and parboiled rice.
  2. rinse the poha and add to the rice.
  3. add water. mix well. cover and keep the rice + poha to soak for 4 to 5 hours.
  4. in a separate bowl, rinse the urad dal and methi seeds a couple of times.
  5. soak the urad dal with methi seeds separately in water for 4 to 5 hours.

making idli batter

  1. drain the soaked urad dal. reserve the water.
  2. grind the urad dal, methi seed with ¼ cup of the reserved water for some seconds. then add remaining ¼ cup water. grind till you get a smooth and fluffy batter.

  3. remove the urad dal batter in a bowl and keep aside.
  4. grind the rice in batches to make a smooth batter.
  5. mix both the batters together in a large bowl or pan. add salt and mix well.
  6. cover and let the batter ferment for 8 to 9 hours or more if required.

  7. after the fermentation process is over, the idli batter will become double in size and rise.

steaming idlis

  1. grease the idli moulds.
  2. pour the batter in the moulds and steam the idlis in a pressure cooker or steamer.
  3. if using pressure cooker remove the vent weight (whistle).

  4. steam for 12 to 15 mins or until the idlis are done.

  5. serve the steaming hot idlis with coconut chutney and sambar.
  6. remaining batter can be stored in the refrigerator for a couple of days.

recipe video

recipe notes

tip: for regular rice variety - you can use sona masuri rice or parmal rice or basmati rice.

note: as a blogger, if you you want to use this recipe or make a youtube video, then please write the recipe in your own words and give a clickable link back to this recipe url - idli recipe on Veg Recipes of India. its a fair and ethical practice. for using our image please write to us. all our images and content are copyright protected.

TRENDING NOW

how to make idli and idli batter recipe

1. in a bowl or pan take 1 cup parboiled rice and 1 cup regular rice. here i have used sona masuri rice along with parboiled rice. instead of this proportion, you can also use overall 2 cups of idli rice OR 2 cups of parboiled rice (as shown in video above).

rice for soft idli recipe

2. pick and then rinse both the rice varieties for a couple of times. drain and keep aside.

rice for soft idli recipe

3. take ¼ cup thick poha in a bowl.

poha for soft idli recipe

4. rinse the poha once or twice with water.

poha for soft idli recipe

5. then add the poha to the rice. add 2 cups water. mix very well and keep aside covered to soak for 4 to 5 hours.

poha for soft idli recipe

6. in a separate bowl take ½ cup urad dal along with ¼ teaspoon fenugreek seeds.

urad dal for soft idli recipe

7. rinse a couple of times.

dal for soft idli recipe

8. add 1 cup water. cover and soak for 4 to 5 hours.

dal for soft idli recipe

9. before grinding, drain the urad dal, but don’t throw away the water. reserve the soaked water.

for soft idli batter recipe

10. in a wet grinder jar, add the urad dal. initially add ¼ cup of the reserved water.

making soft idli recipe

11. and grind the urad dal for some seconds. then add ¼ cup water and continue to grind. the batter should be light and fluffy when completely ground.

making soft idli recipe

12: pour the urad dal batter in a deep pan or bowl.

making soft idli recipe

13: drain the rice & poha and add them in the wet grinder jar. i usually grind in two parts. depending on the capacity of your mixer-grinder you can grind in two to three parts. if the mixie gets heated up while grinding, then stop and let it cool. then continue with the grinding.

making soft idli recipe

14: use the urad dal strained water or regular water to grind the rice and poha too. add water in parts and grind. the rice can have a fine rava like consistency in the batter. a smooth batter is also fine. i usually add a total of ¾ cup of water while grinding rice. the rice batter should not be too thick or thin.

making soft idli recipe

15: now pour the rice batter in the bowl containing the urad dal batter.

making soft idli recipe

16. add 1 teaspoon rock salt. mix very well with a spoon or spatula. if you live in a cool or cold region, then do not add salt. add salt later once the fermentation is done. if you live in a hot or warm climate, then add salt as it does not allow the batter to get over fermented in the time duration of 6 to 8 hours.

making soft idli recipe

17. cover the bowl or container with a lid and keep the batter in a warm place. it should be left undisturbed for 8 to 9 hours. don’t use an air-tight lid. in colder climate, keep the batter for a longer time – from 12 to 24 hours.

making soft idli recipe

18. the batter the next morning. it will ferment and increase in volume.

making soft idli recipe

steaming idli from idli batter

19.  grease the idli mould with oil. gently and lightly swirl the batter. don’t over do. now with a spoon pour portions of the batter in the greased idli moulds.

making soft idli recipe

20. take your idli steamer or pressure cooker or electric cooker. add some 2 to 2.5 cups water and heat the water. keep the idli mould in the steamer or pressure cooker. steam for 12 to 15 minutes. timing will vary depending on the kind of equipment you have used. if using a pressure cooker, then cover the pressure cooker with its lid. remove the vent weight/whistle from the lid. steam the idlis for approx 12 to 15 minutes.

making soft idli recipe

21. check for doneness by inserting a tooth pick. if it does not come out clean, then keep again for a few more minutes. when done remove the idli mould from the cooker. don’t overcook as then they become dry. dip a spoon or butter knife in water and slid them through the idlis. remove and place the idlis in a warm container like a casserole.

making soft idli recipe

22. serve idlis hot or warm with sambar and coconut chutney.

soft idli recipe

dassana amit
Founder, Designer, Recipe Developer, Food Photographer ||

i started vegrecipesofindia.com in feb 2009. it is a pure vegetarian blog and shares recipes with step by step photos that will help you to make delicious and tasty vegetarian food easily.

i am passionate about cooking from childhood and learnt cooking from my elders. having a home science degree surely enhanced my cooking & baking skills which i now share as fool proof recipes on the blog. i am trained both in mainstream indian as well as international cuisines.


Collections

Popular Recipes

514 comments/reviews

  1. Hello mam, can we use regular salt in the place of rock salt ?

    • you can, but if living in cold place then avoid using iodized salt.

  2. Hello! I am so homesick for India after watching your video! I have been so blessed for the opportunities to make 2 spiritual pilgrimages to Southern and Northern India. I would LOVE to be able to replicate idli but I have none of the equipment needed. Would you be able to recommend where I could purchase all the needed equipment and approximate cost of each of the pieces?
    Thank you very much for your information and suggestions
    I am a vegan chef and look forward to participating more on your site and recommending my students to you as well.
    Namaste!
    Lila

    • namaste, i can understand lila. to make the idli batter, you can easily buy a mixer-grinder from amazon.com. it will also help you to make various chutneys that you can savour with idli or dosa. you can even buy a table top stone grinder which is exclusively meant for making idli or dosa batter or medu vada batter. you can check on amazon. you will get plenty of options there with customer reviews and prices. i am using preethi 750 watts blue leaf mixer-grinder. wish you all the best.

Comments are closed due to some technical issues. Hopefully we will try to open the comments as soon as possible