kotte kadubu recipe | idli in jackfruit leaves | kadubu idli recipe | hittu recipe

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kotte kadubu recipe, idli in jackfruit leaves, hittu recipe

kotte kadubu are super soft aromatic idlis made in jackfruit leaves cup. in konkani language, these idlis are known as hittu or khotte. steaming in jackfruit leaves give the idlis the flavor and aroma of the jackfruit leaves.

5 from 3 votes
total time:
555minutes

kotte kadubu recipe with step by step pics. kotte kadubu are super soft aromatic idlis made in jackfruit leaves. in konkani language, these idlis are known as hittu or khotte. steaming in jackfruit leaves gives these idlis the flavor and aroma of the jackfruit leaves. so these idlis taste different from the regular steamed idlis and are incredibly soft, light and fluffy.

kotte kadubu recipe

kotte kadubu is made during festivals and auspicious occasions in udupi, mangalore and coastal regions of karnataka. these fragrant idlis are made both by the kannadigas as well as the saraswat brahmins from karnataka. a variation also exists in steaming these idlis in turmeric leaves, screw pine leaves (kewra) and banana leaves. turmeric leaves infuse a beautiful fragrant aroma in the idlis. kotte kadubu is also made during ganesh chaturthi festival.

you will be surprised to know the way the idlis are steamed in jackfruit leaves. the jackfruit leaves are joined together and made into a cup or a mould. the idli batter is then poured in the jackfruit leaves mould and later steamed.

hittu recipe

i wanted to make these idlis from a long time. so when i could manage to get some fresh jackfruit leaves from a tree nearby, i made the idlis the very next day. for making the moulds, i checked some youtube videos and got the idea. since i am very dextrous with my fingers, i could easily make the moulds. they are easy and not that difficult.

to make these idlis, you can use the regular idli batter made with idli rice or idli batter made with idli rava. while making these idlis, i used idli rava as its easier and saves time since grinding is not involved. some variations also use wheat rava (sooji) to make these idlis. the rava is either roasted or steamed before making idlis.

in this post, i have shown the method of making the cup or moulds from jackfruits in an easy way. to join the leaves you will need coconut sticks or thin bamboo sticks. please do not use toothpicks as the leaves break if toothpicks are used. i cut the bamboo skewers in two to three parts vertically first and then cut them horizontally in small pieces.

there are many varieties of idli and dosa that are made in india. i like to try these different idli and dosa varieties. so far i have shared many idli varieties like:

  1. sooji idli (rava idli)
  2. soft poha idlis
  3. kovil idli (kanchipuram idli)
  4. nachni idli (ragi idli)
  5. instant oats idli
  6. idli made with cooked rice
  7. traditional soft idli recipe

kotte kadubu can be served with coconut chutney or sambar or idli podi. you can also drizzle some coconut oil or ghee while serving.

if you are looking for more south indian breakfast recipes then do check adaimasala dosarava upmaputtuidiyappam and khara pongal recipe.

kotte kadubu recipe below:

kotte kadubu recipe, idli in jackfruit leaves, hittu recipe
5 from 3 votes
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kotte kadubu recipe

kotte kadubu are super soft aromatic idlis made in jackfruit leaves cup. in konkani language, these idlis are known as hittu or khotte. steaming in jackfruit leaves give the idlis the flavor and aroma of the jackfruit leaves.
course breakfasts
cuisine karnataka, south indian
prep time 9 hours
cook time 15 minutes
total time 9 hours 15 minutes
servings 5
author dassana amit

ingredients (1 cup = 250 ml)

  • 1 cup urad dal - 200 grams, whole and husked black gram
  • 2 cups idli rava - 330 grams
  • 1.5 cups water for soaking urad dal
  • 1.5 cups water for soaking idli rava
  • 1.25 cups water for grinding urad dal
  • 1 teaspoon salt or add as required
  • 40 to 50 fresh jackfruit leaves
  • 2 to 2.5 cups water for steaming idlis

how to make kotte kadubu recipe

making kadubu idli batter:

  1. take urad dal in a bowl and rinse the lentils a couple of times. 

  2. soak the lentils in 1.5 cups water. cover and keep aside for 4 hours.

  3. take idli rava in another bowl. for rinsing, fill the bowl containing idli rava with water and then stir it with your hands. throw of all the water collected at the top. do this method one or two times more.

  4. then add 1.5 cups water and soak idli rava for 3 to 4 hours.

  5. later drain the water from urad dal. add the urad dal in a grinder jar. also add 1.25 cups water.

  6. grind urad dal to a smooth and fluffy batter.

  7. take all the batter in a large bowl or pan.

  8. now take the soaked idli rava. take some portion of the idli rava in your palms. squeeze it so that all the water is strained.

  9. add this squeezed portion of idli rava in the urad dal batter. do make sure that you squeeze the idli rava well.

  10. this way add the entire idli rava to the urad dal batter.

  11. now with a spoon or spatula mix very well making sure there are no lumps. cover the batter and let it ferment for 8 to 9 hours. fermentation time will vary depending on the climate and temperature conditions. 

making jackfruit leaves cups for idlis:

  1. the next day before making the idlis, you can start making the cups from jackfruit leaves. 

  2. rinse the leaves very well with water. then dry each leaf with a clean cotton napkin. when making the moulds use leaves which are of the same size. you will need 40 to 50 jackfruit leaves.

  3. take two leaves. place one leaf overlapping the second one with the stem part facing outwards.

  4. using a thin coconut stick or bamboo stick, join the two leaves.

  5. now place third leaf on top of the joined bamboo leaves.

  6. place a fourth leaf on top of the third leaf.

  7. using the coconut stick secure the four leaves.

  8. now take one leaf and join it with a second leaf with one leaf overlapping the second one.

  9. slid a coconut stick on both the leaves.

  10. this way join each leaf overlapping the next leaf and with the coconut stick join them.

  11. soon you will get the kotte or the cup made from jackfruit leaves. do make sure that they are joined well or else the idli batter will leak out from the gaps if there are any. cut of the stem parts from each leaf.

  12. this way make the kotte with all the leaves. depending on the size of leaves, some may be small and some medium to large.

making kotte kadubu:

  1. after fermentation, the idli batter should have a pleasant sour aroma and many tiny bubbles.

  2. add 1 teaspoon salt or as required to the idli batter. mix very well.

  3. meanwhile, in a large pot or pan place a stand or a rack. then take 2 to 2.5 cups water and heat it on a low to medium flame.

  4. now place the leafy moulds in a steamer pan.

  5. gently pour the kadubu idli batter directly or with a spoon in the leafy moulds.

  6. place the steamer pan with the kotte kadubu in the large pan. cover with a lid.

  7. steam kadubu idlis for 12 to 15 minutes on medium to medium-high flame.

  8. once done, remove the lid.

  9. check with a skewer if the kadubu idlis are done. there should be no stickiness on the skewer.

  10. wait for 2 to 3 minutes. then take each kotte kadubu. remove the sticks and leaves gently.

  11. this way remove sticks and leaves from each kotte kadubu.

  12. serve kotte kadubu hot or warm with coconut chutney, sambar or idli-dosa podi.

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how to make kotte kadubu recipe:

making idli batter:

1. take 1 cup urad dal (200 grams) in a bowl.

urad dal to make kotte kadubu recipe

2. rinse urad dal a couple of times and then soak the lentils in 1.5 cups water. cover and keep aside for 4 hours.

urad dal to make kotte kadubu recipe

3. take 2 cups idli rava (330 grams) in another bowl.

idli rava to make kotte kadubu recipe

4. rinse idli rava. for rinsing, fill the bowl containing idli rava with water and then stir it with your hands. throw of all the water collected at the top. do this method one or two times more. then add 1.5 cups water and soak idli rava for 3 to 4 hours.

idli rava to make kotte kadubu recipe

5. later drain the water from urad dal. add the urad dal in a grinder jar. also add 1.25 cups water.

making kotte kadubu recipe

6. grind urad dal to a smooth and fluffy batter.

making kotte kadubu recipe

7. take all the batter in a large bowl or pan.

making kotte kadubu recipe

8. now take the soaked idli rava. take some portion of the idli rava in your palms. squeeze it so that all the water is strained.

making kotte kadubu recipe

9. add this squeezed portion of idli rava in the urad dal batter. do make sure that you squeeze the idli rava well.

making kotte kadubu recipe

10. this way add the entire idli rava to the urad dal batter.

making kotte kadubu recipe

11. now with a spoon or spatula mix very well making sure there are no lumps. cover the batter and let it ferment for 8 to 9 hours. fermentation time will vary depending on the climate and temperature conditions. i have not added salt as its cold where i live and salt retards fermentation.

making kotte kadubu recipe

making kotte or jackfruit leaves cups:

12. the next day before making the idlis, you can start making the cups from jackfruit leaves. rinse the leaves very well with water. then dry each leaf with a clean cotton napkin. when making the moulds use leaves which are of the same size. you will need 40 to 50 jackfruit leaves.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

13. take two leaves. place one leaf overlapping the second one with the stem part facing outwards.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

14. using a thin coconut stick or bamboo stick, join the two leaves.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

15. now place third leaf on top of the joined bamboo leaves.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

16. place a fourth leaf on top of the third leaf.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

17. using the coconut stick secure the four leaves.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

18. this is how the sticks look from backside of the leaves.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

19. now take one leaf upright making an ‘L’ shape. take the second leaf next to it in an ‘L’ shape. place the leaves in such a way that one leaf overlaps the second one by 1 inch.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

20. hold it this way.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

21. then slid a coconut stick on both the leaves.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

22. this way join each leaf overlapping the next leaf and join them with the coconut sticks.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

23. soon you will get the kotte or the cup made from four jackfruit leaves. do make sure that they are joined well or else the idli batter will leak out from the gaps if there are any.

jackfruit leaves for making kotte kadubu recipe

24. this way make the kotte with all the leaves. also cut off the stem parts from each leaf.depending on the size of leaves, some may be small and some medium to large.

making kotte kadubu recipe, making idli in jackfruit leaves

assembling and making kotte kadubu:

24. this is the idli batter after getting fermented well. i kept for 14 hours 30 minutes due to the cool climate here.

making kotte kadubu recipe

25. the idli batter should have a pleasant sour aroma and many tiny bubbles.

making kotte kadubu recipe

26. add 1 teaspoon salt or as required to the idli batter.

making kotte kadubu recipe

27. mix very well.

making kotte kadubu recipe

28. meanwhile, in a large pot or pan, place a stand or a rack. then take 2 to 2.5 cups water  and heat it on a low to medium flame.

making kotte kadubu recipe

29. place the jackfruit leaves cups in a steamer pan.

making kotte kadubu recipe

30. gently pour the kadubu idli batter directly or with a spoon in the jackfruit leaves cups. alternatively you can fill the idli batter first and then place the kotte (jackfruit leaves cup) in the pan.

making kotte kadubu recipe

31. now place the steamer pan with the kotte in the large pan where the water must have begun to boil.

making kotte kadubu recipe

33. cover with a lid and steam kadubu idlis for 12 to 15 minutes on medium to medium-high flame.

making kotte kadubu recipe

34. once done, remove the lid.

making kotte kadubu recipe

35. check with a skewer if the kadubu idlis are done. there should be no stickiness on the skewer.

kotte kadubu recipe, idli in jackfruit leaves

36. wait for 2 to 3 minutes. then take each kotte kadubu.

kotte kadubu recipe, idli in jackfruit leaves

37. remove the sticks and leaves gently.

kotte kadubu recipe, idli in jackfruit leaves

38. remove sticks and leaves from each kotte kadubu. while serving make sure the shape of the kadubu is intact. there may be some idli crumbs stuck on the leaves. you can scrape them and have.

kotte kadubu recipe, idli in jackfruit leaves

38. serve kotte kadubu hot or warm with coconut chutney, sambar or idli-dosa podi.

idli in jackfruit leaves

dassana amit
Founder, Designer, Recipe Developer, Food Photographer ||

i started vegrecipesofindia.com in feb 2009. it is a pure vegetarian blog and shares recipes with step by step photos that will help you to make delicious and tasty vegetarian food easily.

i am passionate about cooking from childhood and learnt cooking from my elders. having a home science degree surely enhanced my cooking & baking skills which i now share as fool proof recipes on the blog. i am trained both in mainstream indian as well as international cuisines.


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