Since vegetarianism in India is the most prevalent choice of food, use of different vegetables to make a variety of dishes also is. From snacks, soups and salads to main course dishes and even deserts and mithais (sweets), vegetables are an important ingredient in Indian cooking. Here’s a handy list of Vegetables Name In English as well as in regional languages like Hindi, Tamil, Marathi and others.
In addition to these, I have also included other regional Indian languages for these Vegetables Name, wherever possible. It is always good to know and be aware of all ingredients that you use for cooking. The same goes for the names of veggies too. It not helps you to increase your knowledge, but you can also never be fooled of anything whenever you visit the market to buy these!
Here’s a handy glossary table with the English names and their Hindi, Tamil and Marathi equivalents. We have also included other regional Indian languages for some vegetables, wherever possible.
In case, you also plan to check some veggie recipes then here is a Collection of Indian vegetable recipes.
List of Indian vegetables name
If you know the name of any veggie in any regional Indian language and want to update it in this post… Then do leave it in the comment section and we will update the post. If we have missed any vegetable, then also you can let us know. Thanks in advance.
|Amaranth leaves||Chauli, chaulai||Thotakura||Harive soppu||Chawli||Thambde bhajji, tambdi bhaji
(for red amaranth leaves)
|Ash gourd, white pumpkin, winter melon||Petha||Poosanikai||Boodida gumadikaya||Bood kumbalakai||Safed bhopla||Kuvale|
|Aubergine, brinjal, eggplant||Baingan||Kathirikkai||Vankaya||Badanekayi||Vangi||Vaingan|
|Bottle gourd, opo squash,
|Lauki, ghia||Suraikai||Sorakaya, aanapakaya||Halu
|Bitter gourd, bitter melon||Karela||Pavakkai||kakarakaya||Hagal kayi||Karlya||Karathe|
|Cabbage||Patta gobhi, paat gobhi||Muttai kosu||Kosu gadda||Ele kosu||Kobi|
|Capsicum, green bell pepper||Shimla mirch||Kudai milagai||Bunga mirapakay||Donne menasinakai||Dhobli mirchi, bhopli mirchi||Donne mirsang|
|Cauliflower||Phool gobi||Gobi puvvu||Hu kosu||Flower|
|Cluster beans||Guar ki phali||Kothavarangai||Goru chikkudu||gorikai||Gawar||Mitke saang|
|Coconut||Nariyal||Thengai||Kobbari kaya||Tengina kai||Naral||Naarlu|
|Coriander/cilantro leaves||Dhania patta||Kothamalli thalai||Kothimeera||Kottambari soppu||Kothmir||Kothambari pallo|
|Corn||Makai, bhutta||Makka cholam||Mokkajonna||Govin jol||Makka||Jonnalo|
|Curry leaves||Kadi patta||Karuveppilai||Karivaepaku||Karibevu soppu||Kadi patta||Phanna pallo|
|Dill||Suwa, savaa||Sataguppi||Sadhapa vithulu
|Sabbasige soppu||Shepu||Sheppi bhajji|
|Drumsticks||Sahjan ki phalli||Murungaikkai||Mullakkada||Nuggekai||Shevgyachya
|Fenugreek leaves||Methi||Vendhayam keerai||Menthikura||Menthe soppu||Methi||Methi pallo|
|French beans, green beans||Faras bean, sem||Tingal avre kai||Farasbi||Tingal avro|
|Green chilli||Hari mirch||Pacchai milagai||Pachi mirapakaya||HasiMenasu||Hirvi mirchi||Tarne mirsang|
|Jackfruit||Kathal||Pala pazham||Panasa||Halsina hannu||Fanas||Fanas|
|Lime, lemon||Nimbu||Elumichai pazham||Nimmakaya||Nimbekai||Limbu||Limbuvo|
|Malabar spinach||Poi saag||Bachhali kura||Mayalu||Valchi bhaji|
|Mushroom||Kukkurmutta, khumb, guchhi||Kaalan||Puttagodugulu||Anabi||Alambo|
|Mustard leaves||Sarson ka saag||Kadugu keerai||Aava kura||Sasive soppu|
|Okra, lady finger||Bhindi||Vendakkai||Bendakaya||Bendekai||Bhendi||Bhende|
|Flat green beans, hyacinth beans||Sem ki phali, papdi||Avarakkai||Chikudkaya||Papdi, val papdi|
|Peas||Matar, mutter||Pattani||Pachi batani||Batani||Hirve vatane||Vatano|
|Mint leaves||pudina patta||Puthina||Pudian||Pudina||Pudina||Marga pallo|
|Radish pods||Moongra, mogri|
Unripe raw banana
|Aratikaya||Balekai||Kachche kele||Harve kele|
|Red chili||Lal mirch||Vara milagai||Pandu mirapakaya||Kempu menasinakai||Lal mirchi||Thambde (red) mirsang|
|Spinach||Palak||Pasala keerai||Palakura||Palak, basale||Palak||Palak, vali|
|Sweet potato||Shakarkandi||Sakaravalli kilangu||Chilakadadumpa||genasu||Ratale||Kanang|
|Tomato||Tamatar||Thakkali||Rama mulaga kaya||Kembhoota||Tambate|
|Taro roots or colocasia||Arbi||Seppenkilangu||Chamadumpa||Alu|
|Ivy gourd or gherkins||Tindora||Dondakaya||tondekai||Tendli||Tendle|
|Turnip||Shalgam, shalzam||Nookol||Knool khol||Navalkhol||Salgam||Kon|
|Elephant yam||Sooran, suran, jimikand||Senai kizhangu||Kanda||Suvarna gedde,
Special thanks to readers – Deepika, Priya Sivakumar, Sgs, Raji, Aishwaryarani, Raghavendra and Priya for sharing the names of veggies in regional languages.
Related Culinary Posts
This Vegetables Names post from the blog archives first published on July 2014 has been updated and republished on January 2023.
Snake Gourd – Pudalangaai
Ivy Gourd – Kovakkaai
thanks for the info.
Paalanga in odia – spinach
Potato = urulai kizhangu
Snake gourd = pudalan kai
thanks for the info.
Snake gourd is pudalainkai in Tamil and amaranth leaf is mulai keerai
thanks vaishnavi for sharing this information. i will update in some time.
What is English name of indoli?
Thanks for this useful list!
What about kohlrabi, do you know?
welcome. kohlrabi is called ganth gobi in hindi.
What are the English names of Potol and Kakrol
potol is pointed gourd. kakrol is spine gourd.
what is झिंगी called in english?
Asafoetida. Most are mixed in a flour! You want pure and it’s hard as a rock, expensive.
What is the English name for Tuber vegetable ghuinya?
colocasia or taro roots in english and arbi in hindi
What is पोकळा ? It is recommended as a par of iron rich diet like apples, jaggery, garden cress, dates, fenu greek, etc.for controlling strategy against hairfall, especially in young and middle age women.
pokla is amaranth leaves.
Flat green beans is known as Avarakkai in Tamil.
thanks. i know but somehow i missed adding. have updated the post.
what is chow chow /chayote called in hindi?
i have never heard of any hindi name for it. in the markets also its called as chow chow.
kantola is called kankoda in gujrati.
Malabar spinach in Kannada is basale soppu and spinach is just palak. Also padwal or snake gourd is padwal Kai.
thanks for the info.
What is the english name of laal bhaji
its red amaranth.
What is english name of marwari and gujrati name of vegetable chibdiiya looks like small oval shape first green colour becomes yellow when ready to eat having small lines on this vegetables . PL let me know correct English name .
Jimikand in English
elephant foot yam.
Spine gourd (kantola)
Water chestnut (shinghada)
Colocassia leaves (aloo in marathi)
Moringa (shegul in marathi i.e drumstick leaves)
Thanks Sayali for sharing this info.
what is the name for alsando(konkani) , beans in other languages?
alsando is black eyed peas or black eyed beans in english. in hindi called as lobia. in punjabi its called as rongi. in tamil known as karamani. in marathi called as chawli.
What is the English name of
Permal, torayi, lobiya?
lobiya is long beans
torayi (turai) is ridge gourd
permal (parwal) is pointed gourd
thanks. will add.
elephant apple ____ hindi meaning chalta
thanks samsa for the info
What is English word of muli
Keshav, its radish
Ghosale in english please
Is it smooth ridge gourd
ghosale is sponge gourd.
hi, i love so much your site! thanks
i will be very happy to have some photos of the veggies
cause i was in paris in an indian food market and i never seem some of them!
welcome jenny. will try to post photos in near future.
Could you please tell me what do you call Phoot in English? It is a peach/light orange fruit available in and around Allahabad in the months of February/March/April. Similar to pumpkin in looks but it is sweet and is eaten as a fruit and not as a vegetable. Thanks in advance.
fauzia, i have no idea. it can be peach. but still i am not sure. if i can see a photo, then i can tell the english name.
What is val papdi called in English ?
Shanaya, Val Papdi is called as flat green beans or hyacinth beans
You can check this Papdi Bhaji recipe – https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/papdi-bhaji-recipe-val-papdi-bhaji/
Is it musk melon, your description kinda match it.
This glossary is very informative to all. What is the English name for Parval or Potal.
parval is called as pointed gourd in english.
what they called humbada ki baji in English please reply soon
Domnic, never heard. May be the name is different.
Zucchini in English & galaka in Gujarati
I want to know what is suwa
Amol, suwa is dill leaves. you can check this recipe – https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/suva-moong-dal-sabzi-recipe/
Guys anyone 4 parvar vegetable!!!
kidney beans rajmah kehnde aa
matto, yes they are called as rajma
Mooli nu english vich radish khende hnn plz add in this list thnx.
its already added in the list.
Dhoodi in English ??
dhoodi is called as bottle gourd or opo squash.
Kunduru ko english me kya kahte hi
What is TINDA (HINDI WORD) in Engligh
in english tinda is known as apple gourd or round gourd.
In north Gujarat, during monsoon & summer, Karangada crop planted by farmers, it is used for vegetables,looking like small water malon, it’s seeds also good for breakfast ….such name not found in your list
thanks jayanti for this info. we didn’t add as we are not aware about it.
kunru ko kya bolte h
kunru/kundru is ivy gourd in english and tindora or tendli in hindi.
What is the English name of valor ??
flat beans or broad beans.
casava root or tapioca in english
shimla aloo or kachalu in hindi
Cluster beans is called Gorikai in Kannada.
Thanks Swetha. I have added it in the post.
shepu in Marathi?
shepu is the marathi word for dill leaves.
avalu, daniyalu, gasa gasalu
thanks for the info in telugu language.
What is English name of …BHINDI(Hindi word)????
Thanks to inform.
What is the name in English of Vegetable known as KANTOLLA in Gujarati ? Does eating KANTOLLA generate GAS or CONSTIPATION ?
kantola is called as spine gourd. from what i have read it gets rid of constipation and indigestion.
Aalu gaddey this is the name of potatao in kannada language.
thanks neelufarsaba for the info.
Nukul this is the name of turnip in hindi language. Shalgam is wrong
thanks again neelufarsaba.
Chirriaaku.this is telugu leaf vegetable.so I want to know in English
i searched on google and found out it is amaranth leaves, but of the smaller variety.
What is the meaning of kundru(Hindi word)?
kundru is tindora or tendli. also called as ivy gourd in english.
what is called ” gawar falli ” in english???
gawar falli are called as cluster beans.
What is turiya in english
turiya is ridge gourd.
The tamil name of flat beans is Avarakkai
thanks kavitha for sharing the names in tamil.
Tamil name of snake gourd is pudalangai
The tamil name of ivy gourd is kovaikkai.
What is sem it’s a vegetable how good it’s for diabetic
sem are broad beans. most beans are good for diabetics.
Sweet potato in marathi spells as ratalae
thanks. will update in the post when i rework on this post.
Beetroot. In kannada spells as beet
thanks for the info.
Thank you for your easy to make and yummy recipes.
I would like to list two vegetables:-
Apple gourd /round gourd/Indian baby pumpkin known as tinda in Urdu.
Ridge gourd/sponge gourd/Chinese okra known as Luffa/Turai/turia/beerakai/dodka in other languages and janhi in Odiya.
thanks for the info. will add as we will be working on this post and add some pics in some time.
Cluster beans – gorikayi
Malabar Spinach – basale soppu
Potato – alu gadde
thanks madhu for the info. will update in some days.
Wha t is CALLED “PARWAL” OR “PATOL” IN ENGLISH????
parwal or padwal is known as snake gourd in english and also known as pointed gourd. hope this help’s you.
upayogakaramina vivaralu teliyachesinanduku dhanyavadalu
thankyou sundar 🙂
Thanks for such a wonderful recipes. Malabar spinach is called basale soppu in Kannada.
welcome ravi and thankyou for sharing the information 🙂
tindora – In tamil it is called as Kovakai — we eat when it is ripen that time it is called as kovapalam
thanks for the info sujata. will update in some days.
Very useful and informative
Thanks. Its very useful for gujarati meaning.
Sem Mirchi: What do you for this in english.
Look: This mirchi is very tiny in size and sold in village markets and kiranas.
Color: red and green mixed. Dried mirchi.
i am not sure what these are called in english. but from what you mention, there are chilies with the descriptions you have given and they are called as bird’s eye chilies.
Tomatoes are called Tambate (plural) and Kantola is known as Kartula or Kartule (plural) in Marathi Language
thanks ravikiran. we have updated the list.
In kannada, flat beans is Avarekai, potato is Alu gadde, colocasia leaves is kesuvina ele (ele means leaf in kannada). You can also add Mountain Spinach which is Chakotha soppu in kannada. Snake gourd is better spelt as Padavalakai instead of paddul kai
thanks mangala for sharing this info. i will update it in the post soon.
this is very good method its very usefull
Italian of the east—-TELUGU
carrot-gajaru gadda (some areas)
dill-sadhapa vithulu/sathapushpa vithulu (rarest)
tomato-rama mulaga kaya (nobody calls though)
thanks priya, i have updated the names in the list.
Its really gud tindi English name is apple gourd , for patra leaves is colocasia leaves, for amla is gooseberry, for kamal kakdi is lotus stem.
thanks dipika. will add.
This is an awesome list Dassana!
thanks richa 🙂
Potlakai in telugu and podavalkai in Kannada for snake gourd
K n r Sastry
will update in the post. thanks for the info.
There is another widely spoken language of India……………URDU.!!!! اردو
A.Rauf, many people speak urdu. its a very poetic language and best for expressing emotions of heart. but we don’t know the name of vegetables in urdu. if some reader can provide details of veggie names in urdu or in any other language… then we will surely update it in the post.
Pumpkin is dudde,
Colacasia is cooka in konkani
thanks manjula for sharing. i will update in the post soon.
while going through this i found that kannada names for many vegetables is missing, so kindly update it.
Names of vegetables Kannada Names
Cabbage Ele Kosu
Coconut Tengina Kai
Coriander leaves Kottambari Soppu
Mustard leaves Sasive Soppu
Red Chilli Kempu Menasinakai
thanks a lot aishwaryarani for sharing these vegetables names in kannada language. i have updated them in the post.
Tomato in kannada Kembhoota
thanks raghavendra for sharing the name.
What’s the name of the vegetable that u get in Mumbai during monsoon? It’s spherical shape with spikes on it. Greenish in color. Has a slight butter taste. Grows in tropical forests and is like a forest vegetable. It grows on trees.
are you referring to kantola. they are called as teasel gourd. pic here on this wikipedia link – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Momordica_dioica
Celery is called ajwain ka patta in hindi.
tarun, celery is not ajwain ka patta. i have seen ajwain ka patta and i have celery plant at home and once we had one ajwain plant also at home. in internet you will get this information but it is not correct. we even used to make pakora from ajwain patta. i appreciate your gesture of sharing information. both celery and ajwain are from same family of plants thats why the seeds also looks similar but flavor wise they are different.
Im a Saraswat married to a Maharashtrian living in Mumbai. Here is a list of a fes vegetables with their konkani names.
1. Amaranth leaves -Thambde Bhajji(red leaves).
2. Brinjal – Vaingan
3. Bottle gourd – dhave dudhi
4. Cluster beans – Mitke saang
5. Coconut – Naarlu
6. Coriander leaves -Kothambari pallo
7. Curry leaves – phanna pallo
8. Dill – sheppi Bhajji
9. fresh ginger – alle
10. Jackfruit – fanas
11. lemon – limbuvo
12. peas – vatano
13. mint leaves – marga pallo
14. radish – moolangi
15. red chilli- thambde (red) mirsang
Hope this helps. You can also refer to an iconic cookbook one of the first published in India – “RASCHANDRIKA”. This is primarily a cookbook of the Chitrapur Saraswat Community in India who speak Konkani.
thanks raji for this list. i am sure it will help readers. i have this book but not read it extensively. i guess, its one of the most popular book on saraswat cuisine.
This is really helpful i will use this as my reference when i go to those places
What do you actually call the most common variety of lentils available in Europe? For some reason I cannot post in your topic on legumes, so I am asking here. 🙂
i did not get your question milos. could you please rephrase your query?
Yes. The most common variety in my country are lentils imported from Canada which are greenish on the outside, yellow on the inside, and shaped like space saucer. So, they are like moong beans in color but like masoor dal in shape. Do you know which lentils I am referring to? Can I make a link to a picture?
from what you are mentioning, they look like either masoor dal or horse gram. masoor is light orange on the inside. so they could be horsegram. you can give a link to the picture. no issues.
No, it’s not letting me post links to pictures. It’s not such a big deal though, to be sure. I find that recipes for moong, arhar and masoor dal work just fine for me.
okay fine. i think the links are going in the spam folder. yes even the lentils you have mentioned work fine 🙂
They are green lentils. they behave like whole masoor whichis also called indian brown lentils.
thanks richa for your helpful response to milos.
You have done an outstanding job. The photos recalled my mom’s kitchen and preparation of Hyderabadi Vegy Biryani. Recalls my Pattargatti days!
thanks a lot. we tried but i don’t think we have a done a good job 🙂 i am glad, that the photo reminded you of your mom’s kitchen.
parwal= pointed gourd
lotus stem=kamal kakdi
thanks isha, i will update in some days.
This is great. Thank you. I had amde a similar list in the past for one of my friend. If only you would like to include konkani translation I have some.
Amarnath Leaves Harive Soppu(Kannada)
Ash gourd – Bood kumbalakai(kannada), Kuvale(Konkani)
Bitter gaurd – Hagal Kayi(kannada), Kalara(Oriya), Karola(Bengali), Karathe(Konkani)
Cauliflower – Hu kosu(Kannada) Phulkobi(Oriya)
Capsicum – DonneMenasinakai(Kannada) Donne mirsang(Konkani)
Cucumber – Taushe(Konkani)
Curry leaves – Karibevu soppu(Kannada)
Drumstick – Nuggekai(Kannada), Mashingasang(Konkani)
Fenugreek leaves – Menthe soppu(Kannada), Methi Pallo(Konkani)
Garlic – Bellulli(Kannad) Losonu(Konkani)
Grren Chilli – HasiMenasu(Kannada), Tarne Mirsang(Konkani)
Jack fruit – Halsina Hannu(kannada)
Mushroom – Alambo(Konkani)
Onion – Piyavu(Konkani)
Okra – Bhend(Konkani), Bendekai(Kannada)
Potato – Batato(Konkani)
Raw banana – Harve kele(Konkani), Balekai(Kannada)
Sweet Potato – Kanang(Konkani), Genasu(Kannada)
Ivy gouard – Tendle(Konkani), Tondekai(Kannada), Kundru(Oriya)
Elephant Yam – Surnu(Konkani), Suvarna Gedde(Kannada)
thanks a lot deepika. will update in some days.
This is great. Thank you. I had made a similar list in the past for one of my friend.
Let me write u some names of vegetables in tamil.
redchilli- vara milagai
corn- makka cholam
drumstick – murungaikkai
mushroom – kaalaan
radish – mullangi
rawbanana – valaikkai
thanks priya. finally come back to routine and will add in some days.
What is celery called in Hindi? I dont get it from local market in Delhi
i don’t know what is celery is called in hindi. on the web its mentioned as ajmoda. in fact all the vegetable sellers, i have got celery from call celery as celery. in the vegetable market, you should look out for vegetable sellers that sell gourmet veggies like red or yellow bell pepper, zucchini, broccoli, mushrooms, fresh herbs like basil, parsley etc. they will have celery.
drumsticks are called ‘murungai kai’ in Tamil.
mushrooms are called aalumbe in Marathi,
as my aunty is a maharastrian and she had once prepared this dish for me.
hi shireen, i thought mushrooms were called aalumbe in konkani. in fact specifically there is a variety of small mushrooms which are available during the monsoons in goa and karwar, that are called as alambi. thats why i did not mention the mushroom part. ok i will add.
Dassana, you may add following vegetables. Now India enjoys many western vegetables, herbs ..may be that can be another category. Thanks for this vegetable glossary post.
1) Chayote/Bangalore Brinjal/Chow Chow
3) Snake gourd / Padval
4) Purslane / ghol bhaji / luni bhaji
8) Mango ginger
9) Chavli / chinese long beans
11) Ambadi / gongura
thanks usha. i will be adding these too. in fact i wanted to add some of these, but i only know of their english and marathi/konkani/hindi names. will update in some time.
Thank you for posting this! Im an American and my husband is Indian. We live in India and I’ve been using your blog to learn how to cook Indian food. Shopping is always difficult because I don’t know the Hindi names of certain veggies. If you get the time, can you post pictures too? That would be very helpful also! Love your recipes!! I’ve learned so much and enjoyed all the dishes I’ve tried. Your site is beautiful too – lovely photography!
welcome kristina and thanks for this positive feedback. i will try to link the veggies which post where there is a photo of the veggie.
Thanks for this very useful post. I had no idea mayalu was Malabar spinach. I saw a recipe in your blog and wondered what it was.
Mustard greens are called ‘mohrichi paale bhaaji’ as far as I know. I’ve rarely seen them in Mumbai/Pune though.
thanks preeti. then i have to update the malabar spinach post too. in fact mustard greens are easily available in mumbai and pune in the winter months. so many times i have got them from vegetable vendors to make sarson ka saag.
Let me know the English equivalent of ole !
elephant foot yam. its there in the first pic in the background.