Glossary of Legumes, Lentils or Pulses in English, Hindi, Tamil, Marathi

The Glossary of legumes and lentils or pulses used mainly in Indian Cuisine is presented here. The first column consists of their names in English, whilst the second column consists of their names translated in Hindi.The names of the legumes, lentils are listed in an alphabetical order.

Just for your information :-

indian daals lentils
  • In Hindi, the word ‘ Sabut’ is used for lentils which are whole.
  • The word ‘ Dal ‘ is used for split lentils.
  • The word ‘ Dhuli ‘ is used for split and husked/skinned lentils.
bengal gram flourbesankadalai mavu
bengal gram spilt and skinnedchana dal, chane ki dal,
booter dal
kadalai paruppuharbaryachi,
chanyachi dal
bengal gram wholekala chana, chanaharbhara
black eyed beans, cow peaslobhiya, lobiya, chawli, chavlikaramani
black gram skinnedurad dhuliulluttam paruppu
black gram spliturad chilka
black gram wholeurad sabut, urad sabootmuzhu ulundhu
white chick peas,
garbanzo beans
kabuli channa,
safed chole, chole
kondai kadalai
field bean,
hyacinth bean, lablab
green gram dalmoong dalpayatham paruppu
green gram splitmoong chilkamugachi dal
green gram wholemoong sabut, mung sabutpayarumug
horse gramkulthi, kulithkollu
lentil dal, pink lentilmasoor dal, masar dal,
masur dal
moth beanmoth, matki, matakitaittai pairu
peasmutter, matar, mattarpattanni
dried green peashara matar
dried white peassafed matar
black peaskala vatana
peas spilt, green peas spiltmatar dal, green matar dal
pigeon peas spilt and skinnedarhar, tuvar, toor, tur daltovarum paruppu
red kidney beansrajmarajma

note – if you know the name of any legumes/lentils/pulses in any regional indian language and want to update it in this post… then do leave it in the comment section and we will update the post.

if we have missed any legumes, then also you can let us know. thanks in advance.

Related Culinary Posts:

  1. Glossary of Indian Fruits
  2. Glossary of Indian Spices in English and Hindi
  3. Glossary of Cereals Grains in English and Hindi
  4. Glossary of Indian Dry Fruits in English and Hindi


dassana amit
i started in feb 2009. it is a pure vegetarian blog and shares recipes with step by step photos.

i am passionate about cooking from childhood and learnt cooking from my elders. a home science degree course further enhanced my cooking and baking skills professionally along with an internship in a five star hotel. i am trained both in mainstream indian as well as international cuisines.

all the 1800 recipes posted on blog are tried and tested and made healthy wherever possible. the recipes are detailed and with step by step pictures that will easily help you to make delicious and tasty vegetarian food.

97 thoughts on “Glossary of Legumes, Lentils or Pulses in English, Hindi, Tamil, Marathi

  1. why arhar dal is called a red gram.?

    • even i wonder the same.

  2. Excellent! Thanks for this info. It was very helpful for an on-going project.

    • Welcome Sunny

  3. What about soya dal?

    • will add.

  4. Please add Telugu Names (Andhra Pradesh & Telangana)

    Bengal Gram Flour Senaga Pindi
    Bengal Gram Split and Skinned Senaga Pappu
    Bengal Gram Whole Senagalu
    Black Gram Dal (Skinned) Minapappu
    Black Gram Split (with husk) Pottu Minapappu
    Black Gram Whole Minugulu
    Green Gram Dal (Skinned) Pesara Pappu
    Green Gram Split (with husk) Pottu Pesara Pappu
    Green Gram Whole Pesalu
    Horse Gram Ulavalu
    Peas Batanilu
    Red Kidney Beans Rajma

    • thanks a lot mani for this information. will add. the entire post needs a change and due to shortage of time, i am not able to work on it. once i change the whole post, i will add all the details. thanks again.

  5. What are brown lentils?
    In hindi. They say it is masoor but masoor is called red lentils. Are both brown and red lentils same?

    • Sanjana Lal, masoor is called as brown lentils because the whole masoor has brown colored husk.

  6. Thanks for this dal names in english

    • welcome rishabh.

  7. What is beluga lentil called in Hindi?

    • beluga lentils are not native to india. so i don’t think they have a hindi name.

  8. What about mash ki daal? 🙁

    • urad dal is mash ki dal. urad dal is mentioned in the list.

  9. Thank u for giving us this valuable knowledge if u r missing some more lentils so plz update bcoz i thing some r missing

    • thanks vaishali. i will be updating this post with pics. hopefully i will update if i have missed any lentils that time.

  10. please add in Marathi
    1. Besan Pit
    2. Harbaryachi Dal
    3. Harbhara
    4. chavli
    5. Uddad
    6. Uddachi dal
    8. Kabuli Harbara
    9. Val
    10. Mug Dal

    • druv, we will working on this post and adding pics. so will keep your suggestion in mind.

  11. nice effort 🙂

    • thanks.

  12. What is yellow lentil known as in hind ? Arhar or dhuli moong ? Both are yellow

    • yes kc both are yellow but sabut moong is also green in color. arhar or toor dal is yellow in color hope this help’s you.

  13. Besan is called CHUN चुन in marathi

    • thanks for the info nilkanth. will update in a couple of days.

  14. Very Very good blog..Link it to Face book page plz..

    • thankyou jawnsin will link on fb soon 🙂

  15. Dear requesting you to add proper marathi words.

    • will update.

  16. Hi i want to know gujarTi name of soyabean.

    • i do not know what soybean is called in gujarati. but according to me soybean called as soyabean is hindi as well as in gujarati.

  17. Hello Amit

    It was a basket of informative knowledge.
    Thanks. By the way what is the local commercial name for American beans.

    • thanks. i am not sure what are american beans. have never seen them here in india.

  18. Thanks a lot. very informative and great site. It was very useful for me in last hour as i was really struggling to get the names in English for importing some.

    • welcome dhiraj. good to know that the post helped you.

  19. Thanks for creating this list of cross reference. What is red gram and split red lentils? Is that masoor dal or pink lentils? I have a recipe book that calls out for red pumpkin. Is that the same as the orange pumpkin we have here in the U.S. that we carve during Halloween?

    • i think red gram and split red lentils is masoor dal. and red pumpkin would be orange pumpkin.



    • thanks sreedhar for the lentil names in telugu. will try to update soon.

  21. Can i know, if there is any common name for white beans ?!

    • ishi, which white beans?

  22. hii gud work, i know the names in telugu & kannada.

    • thanks witerose

  23. verkadalai{in tamil} means ground nut (in english)

    • subha, thanks for the info.

  24. Hi, Sorry to bother you but would it be possible to link pictures to each of these? I’m having a hard time trying to figure out what to buy and my mum’s no where nearby to ask! Or if you know of a website that has pictures, that would be great too! Thanks so much!

    • welcome maya. no issue. we will add the photos soon.

  25. Please see if you can keep the picture of each in respective rows.. it will help quickly to relate

    • thanks vinaya. its a good suggestion but will make the page very heavy to load. thats why we have not implemented till now. but will surely give a second thought.

  26. Waal is a Konkan coastal bean with a hard shell and can only be cooked only when sprouted.its legume .Give synonyms.

    • we know. will add synonyms.

  27. moth beans tamilnadu called as that taittai pairu

    • thanks thomas for sharing the info.

  28. Please add the following Tamil translations:
    black eyed beans, cow peas – Karamani
    black gram skinned – ulluttam paruppu
    black gram whole – muzhu ulundhu
    white chick peas – kondai kadalai
    green gram dal – payatham paruppu
    green gram whole – payaru
    horse gram – kollu
    peas – pattanni
    pigeon peas spilt and skinned – tovarum paruppu


    • thanks prem for sharing this. i will update them soon.

  29. Thank you for this English Hindi Glossary.

    • welcome latha

  30. Namashkar chief
    kindly add few names in Gujarati
    Chola =brown seeds ,also in dal form when husk is removed
    fried Fafda is made from Chola ki dal in Gujarat

    Tuver whole seeds

    Val whole >off white colour
    and Val ki dal

    Math whole and dal
    Mathia papad is made in Gujarat during Diwali

    • dhanyawad sheetal for sharing this info. i will add the names in a few days.

  31. Is there a difference in taste when it comes to split masoor (pinkish) and sabut masoor (brown)?
    Or are they the same?

    • yes there is a difference in the taste as well as the consistency of the dal. basically both are same lentil. whole masoor is a complete lentil with the husk on it. while pinkish/orangish masoor is halved lentil and the husk has been removed.

  32. What is the difference in legumes and lentils?

    • legumes are whole beans. lentils are not beans. they comprise of the various dal that we have in our food.

      • Thank you for the table– it is difficult sometimes to find the thing recipe writers are talking about. I saw a recipe that used “kaalu/field beans” and my local Indian grocer did not know what they were. It looks like they may be val, but I’m still not sure.

        American English apparently differs on some of the names. We consider lentils to be legumes. Please see Wikipedia on this, although there are many other sources that will confirm this usage.

        Also, green gram whole are more frequently called just “mung beans” in American English. Except in Indian stores, they’re not generally available split or split and hulled. The whole ones are sometimes (or usually?) used for sprouting.

        Split peas here are available in green (most usually used for soup) and yellow types.

        Black beans here are common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), used in Latin-American, Southwestern and Californian dishes. They’re sometimes called “black turtle beans”. There are also “Beluga lentils” or black lentils, which are tiny black legumes, the same shape as mung beans, but a little smaller, and black instead of green.

        I hope this helps, although it may suggest that a column be added for “American usage”. That could be a problem because we have no names for many of the legumes in your table, and we have many varieties of common beans which seem to have no Indian equivalents.

        • thanks for the suggestions and for the mentioning the various beans found in america. i have made a note of this and will try to add the american usage in some days. field beans are vaal. here its vice versa for lentils and legumes. i will check wikipedia.

  33. Thank you! Most useful!

    • welcome.

  34. What is black bean?

    • black beans are black colored soy beans.

  35. i do feed cows wid jaggery and chana dal….is it good for their health

    • rahul, i don’t know.

  36. Thanx a lot for this glossaries! now i got a better idea about the dals and i can search for it. u just made my day n_n!

    • welcome lin

  37. Hi,

    Just wondering if I could use toor dahl in place of moong dahl for Korean pancakes. They are called Bindaetteok (Korean Mung Bean Pancakes). I guess it must be the amount of carbohydrate in the beans that hold them together. Not sure.

    • with toor dal, the taste would be different. i suggest using both toor dal and chana dal. you can even make only with chana dal.

  38. i m thankful

    • welcome manpreet

  39. Hi,

    Is french Lentil the same thing as moong whole ?

    The other day i ate a fish dish prepared with french lentils, I wanted to try the dish at home and closest lentil in color and size was moong whole, any thought on that ? 🙂

    • nazli, i am not sure about it. so can’t say.

      • I think it is a different type of lentil (masoor). There are the brown lentils (unhusked) as well as green ones (unhusked).

  40. Very good information indeed.
    However I could not get english name for JAWAS seed. can you please send me.
    Thanks & regards
    B. D. Bade

    • from what i have seen on the web, javas are flax seeds. they are called as alashi in marathi.

  41. hw i wished if u hd posted images of the lentils along with their names.. :)neways no problem i wl google it..thanks for posting

    • kajal, posting so many images is difficult and slows down the webpage too.

      • ooh..kies

  42. What would you call alfalfa seeds in Hindi or Marathi?

  43. In one of d recipes I read, it was written ‘beans’ so which bean should I consider

    • which bean are you referring and which recipe?

  44. Thanks..Dassana?? Anyway… thanks so much for this info.

    • welcome gaurav.

  45. Plz correct ,
    pigeön pea is not tuvar dal or arhar dal.

    As far as i knw it is called as kala chana
    or chana dal

    • dear deep, pigeon pea is tuvar dal. kala chana is called as bengal gram.

  46. thanks

    • What is Boot er dal in English?

      • its chana dal or bengal gram.

Comments are closed.