vegetables name | indian vegetables name in english | list of vegetables

Glossary of Indian vegetables

glossary of vegetables

Here’s a handy glossary table with the english names and their hindi, tamil and marathi equivalents. We have also included other regional Indian languages for some vegetables, wherever possible.

In case, you also plan to check some veggie recipes then here is a Collection of Indian vegetable recipes.

List of Indian vegetables name

If you know the name of any veggie in any regional Indian language and want to update it in this post… Then do leave it in the comment section and we will update the post. If we have missed any vegetable, then also you can let us know. Thanks in advance.

ENGLISH HINDI TAMIL TELUGU KANNADA MARATHI Konkani
Amaranth leaves Chauli, chaulai Thotakura Harive soppu Chawli Thambde bhajji, tambdi bhaji
(for red amaranth leaves)
Ash gourd, white pumpkin, winter melon Petha Poosanikai Boodida gumadikaya Bood kumbalakai Safed bhopla Kuvale
Aubergine, brinjal, eggplant Baingan Kathirikkai Vankaya Badanekayi Vangi Vaingan
Baby corn
Beetroot Chukandar
Bottle gourd, opo squash,
White gourd
Lauki, ghia Suraikai Sorakaya, aanapakaya Halu
Kumbal kai
Dudhi Dhave dudhi,
Gharduddi
Bitter gourd, bitter melon Karela Pavakkai  kakarakaya Hagal kayi Karlya Karathe
Cabbage Patta gobhi, paat gobhi Muttai kosu Kosu gadda Ele kosu Kobi
Carrot Gajar Gajaru gadda  gajjari Gajar
Capsicum, green bell pepper Shimla mirch Kudai milagai Bunga mirapakay Donne menasinakai Dhobli mirchi, bhopli mirchi Donne mirsang
Cauliflower Phool gobi Gobi puvvu Hu kosu Flower
Cluster beans Guar ki phali Kothavarangai Goru chikkudu  gorikai Gawar Mitke saang
Coconut Nariyal Thengai Kobbari kaya Tengina kai Naral Naarlu
Coriander/cilantro leaves Dhania patta Kothamalli thalai Kothimeera Kottambari soppu Kothmir Kothambari pallo
Corn Makai, bhutta Makka cholam Mokkajonna Govin jol Makka Jonnalo
Cucumber Kheera Vellarikkai Kaakdi Savte kai Kakdi Tavshen
Curry leaves Kadi patta Karuveppilai Karivaepaku Karibevu soppu Kadi patta Phanna pallo
Dill Suwa, savaa Sataguppi Sadhapa vithulu
/sathapushpa vithulu
Sabbasige soppu Shepu Sheppi bhajji
Drumsticks Sahjan ki phalli Murungaikkai Mullakkada Nuggekai Shevgyachya
Shenga
Mashinga sango
Fenugreek leaves Methi Vendhayam keerai Menthikura Menthe soppu Methi Methi pallo
French beans, green beans Faras bean, sem Tingal avre kai Farasbi Tingal avro
Garlic Lahsun Poondu Vellulli Bellulli Lasun Losonu
Fresh ginger Adrak  inji Allam Shunti Ala Alle
Green chilli Hari mirch Pacchai milagai Pachi mirapakaya HasiMenasu Hirvi mirchi Tarne mirsang
Jackfruit Kathal Pala pazham Panasa Halsina hannu Fanas Fanas
Lime, lemon Nimbu Elumichai pazham Nimmakaya Nimbekai Limbu Limbuvo
Malabar spinach Poi saag Bachhali kura Mayalu Valchi bhaji
Mushroom Kukkurmutta, khumb, guchhi Kaalan Puttagodugulu Anabi Alambo
Mustard leaves Sarson ka saag Kadugu keerai Aava kura Sasive soppu
Onion Pyaaz Vengayam Ullipaya Neerulli Kanda Piyavu,
Kando
Okra, lady finger Bhindi Vendakkai Bendakaya Bendekai Bhendi Bhende
Flat green beans, hyacinth beans Sem ki phali, papdi Avarakkai Chikudkaya Papdi, val papdi
Peas Matar, mutter Pattani Pachi batani Batani Hirve vatane Vatano
Mint leaves  pudina patta Puthina Pudian Pudina Pudina Marga pallo
Pumpkin Kaddu Parangikai Gummadikaya Kumbalkai
(sarekai)
Bhopla
Potato Aloo Urulaikilangu Bangaladumpa Batate Batata Batato
Radish, daikon Mooli Mullangi Mullangi Moolangi Mula Moolangi
Radish pods Moongra, mogri
Raw plaintain,
Unripe raw banana
Kacha kela Balekai,
Valaikkai
Aratikaya Balekai Kachche kele Harve kele
Red chili Lal mirch Vara milagai Pandu mirapakaya Kempu menasinakai Lal mirchi Thambde (red) mirsang
Snake gourd Parora
(chichinda)
Potlakay Paddul kai Padwal Paddul
Spinach Palak Pasala keerai Palakura Palak, basale Palak Palak, vali
Sweet potato Shakarkandi Sakaravalli kilangu Chilakadadumpa  genasu Ratale Kanang
Tomato Tamatar Thakkali Rama mulaga kaya Kembhoota Tambate
Taro roots or colocasia Arbi Seppenkilangu Chamadumpa Alu
Ivy gourd or gherkins Tindora Dondakaya  tondekai Tendli Tendle
Turnip Shalgam, shalzam Nookol Knool khol Navalkhol Salgam Kon
Elephant yam Sooran, suran, jimikand Senai kizhangu Kanda Suvarna gedde,
Panjar gadde
Suran Surnu
Potato Aloo, alu Urulaikishangu,
Urulaikizhalungu
Bangaaladumpa Batata Batato
Spine gourd Kantola Kartule Phagil

Special thanks to readers – deepika, priya sivakumar, sgs, raji, aishwaryarani, rAghavendra and priya for sharing the names of veggies in regional languages.

Related Culinary Posts

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  4. Pulses Names
  5. Dry Fruits Names

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