indian vegetables names, glossary of vegetables in english and hindi

glossary of indian vegetables

glossary of vegetables

here’s a handy glossary table with the english names and their hindi, tamil and marathi equivalents. we have also included other regional indian languages for some vegetables, wherever possible.

you can also refer to this wikipedia page as this is quite helpful but on few occasions the spelling or minor mistakes are there.

in case, you also plan to check some veggie recipes then here is a collection of indian vegetable recipes.

 

englishhinditamiltelugukannadamarathikonkaninames in regional languages
amaranth leaveschauli, chaulaithotakuraharive soppuchawlithambde bhajji, tambdi bhaji
(for red amaranth leaves)
ash gourd, white pumpkin, winter melonpethapoosanikaiboodida gumadikayabood kumbalakaisafed bhoplakuvale
aubergine, brinjal, eggplantbaingankathirikkaivankayabadanekayivangivainganbegun (bengali), ringan (gujarati), vankaya (telgu)
baby corn
beetrootchukandar
bottle gourd, opo squash,
white gourd
lauki, ghiasuraikaisorakaya, aanapakayahalu
kumbal kai
dudhidhave dudhi,
gharduddi
sorakaya (in telugu), (ghia, ghiya in punjabi)
bitter gourd, bitter melonkarelapavakkai kakarakayahagal kayikarlyakarathekakarakaya (telugu), kalara (oriya), karola (bengali)
cabbagepatta gobhi, paat gobhimuttai kosukosu gaddaele kosukobiband gobi (in punjabi)
carrotgajargajaru gadda gajjarigajar
capsicum, green bell peppershimla mirchkudai milagaibunga mirapakaydonne menasinakaidhobli mirchi, bhopli mirchidonne mirsang
cauliflowerphool gobigobi puvvuhu kosuflower phulkobi (oriya)
cluster beansguar ki phalikothavarangaigoru chikkudu gorikaigawarmitke saang
coconutnariyalthengaikobbari kayatengina kainaralnaarlu
coriander/cilantro leavesdhania pattakothamalli thalaikothimeerakottambari soppukothmirkothambari pallo
cornmakai, bhuttamakka cholammokkajonnagovin jolmakkajonnalochalli (in punjabi)
cucumberkheeravellarikkaikaakdisavte kaikakditavshenkaakdi ( in gujarati)
curry leaveskadi pattakaruveppilaikarivaepakukaribevu soppukadi pattaphanna pallo
dillsuwa, savaasataguppisadhapa vithulu
/sathapushpa vithulu
sabbasige soppushepusheppi bhajjisoa (punjabi)
drumstickssahjan ki phallimurungaikkaimullakkadanuggekaishevgyachya
shenga
mashinga sango
fenugreek leavesmethivendhayam keeraimenthikuramenthe soppumethimethi pallo
french beans, green beansfaras bean, semtingal avre kaifarasbitingal avro
garliclahsunpoonduvellullibellullilasunlosonu
fresh gingeradrak injiallamshuntialaalleadu (gujarati), allam (telugu), aada (assamese, bengali)
green chillihari mirchpacchai milagaipachi mirapakayaHasiMenasuhirvi mirchitarne mirsang
jackfruitkathalpala pazhampanasahalsina hannufanasfanasfanas (gujarati), chakka pazham (malayalam)
lime, lemonnimbuelumichai pazhamnimmakayanimbekailimbulimbuvo
malabar spinachpoi saagbachhali kuramayaluvalchi bhajipui shaak (bengali)
mushroomkukkurmutta, khumb, guchhikaalaanputtagoduguluanabialambokaalan
mustard leavessarson ka saagkadugu keeraiaava kurasasive soppu
onionpyaazvengayamullipayaneerullikandapiyavu,
kando
okra, lady fingerbhindivendakkaibendakayabendekaibhendibhend
flat green beans, hyacinth beanssem ki phali, papdichikudkayapapdi, val papdisurti papdi or valor papdi (gujarati)
peasmatar, mutterpattanipachi batanibatanihirve vatanevatano
mint leaves pudina pattaputhinapudianpudinapudinamarga pallo
pumpkinkadduparangikaigummadikayakumbalkai
(sarekai)
bhopla
potatoaloourulaikilangubangaladumpabatatebatatabatatoalu
radish, daikonmoolimullangimullangimoolangimulamoolangi
radish podsmoongra, mogrimoongre (in punjabi)
raw plaintain,
unripe raw banana
kacha kelabalekai,
valaikkai
aratikayabalekaikachche keleharve kele
red chililal mirchvara milagaipandu mirapakayakempu menasinakailal mirchithambde (red) mirsang
snake gourdparora
(chichinda)
potlakaypaddul kaipadwalpaddul
spinachpalakpasala keeraipalakurapalak, basalepalakpalak, vali
sweet potatoshakarkandisakaravalli kilanguchilakadadumpa genasuratalekanangratalu
tomatotamatarthakkalirama mulaga kayakembhootatambate
taro roots or colocasiaarbiseppenkilanguchamadumpaalu
ivy gourd or gherkinstindoradondakaya tondekaitendlitendlekundru (oriya)
turnipshalgam, shalzamnookolknool kholnavalkholsalgamkon
elephant yamsooran, suran, jimikandsenai kizhangukandasuvarna gedde,
panjar gadde
suransurnu
potatoaloo, aluurulaikishangu,
urulaikizhalungu
bangaaladumpabatatabatatobatata or bateta in gujarati
kantolacontrollikartulephagil

if you know the name of any veggie in any regional indian language and want to update it in this post… then do leave it in the comment section and we will update the post. if we have missed any vegetable, then also you can let us know. thanks in advance.

special thanks to readrs – deepika, priya sivakumar, sgs, raji, aishwaryarani, raghavendra and priya for sharing the names of veggies in regional languages.

Related Culinary Posts:

  1. Glossary of Indian Spices in English and Hindi
  2. Glossary of Cereals Grains in English and Hindi
  3. Glossary of Legumes Lentils in English and Hindi
  4. Glossary of Indian Dry Fruits in English and Hindi

dassana amit
Founder, Designer, Recipe Developer, Food Photographer ||

i started vegrecipesofindia.com in feb 2009. it is a pure vegetarian blog and shares recipes with step by step photos that will help you to make delicious and tasty vegetarian food easily.

i am passionate about cooking from childhood and learnt cooking from my elders. having a home science degree surely enhanced my cooking & baking skills which i now share as fool proof recipes on the blog. i am trained both in mainstream indian as well as international cuisines.


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  1. what is chow chow /chayote called in hindi?

    • i have never heard of any hindi name for it. in the markets also its called as chow chow.

  2. kantola is called kankoda in gujrati.

  3. Malabar spinach in Kannada is basale soppu and spinach is just palak. Also padwal or snake gourd is padwal Kai.

    • thanks for the info.

  4. What is the english name of laal bhaji

    • its red amaranth.

  5. What is english name of marwari and gujrati name of vegetable chibdiiya looks like small oval shape first green colour becomes yellow when ready to eat having small lines on this vegetables . PL let me know correct English name .