Spices Names in English, Hindi, Tamil, Kannada, Marathi

Spices are the backbone of Indian cuisine. Indian food relies on the addition of a few spices or many spices. These are added sparingly to the food while cooking. Below you will find a list or glossary of spices with their English names and in some more Indian languages.

Spices Names

Not only the spices, add a ton of flavor to the dish, but some of the spices like cumin, carom seeds, fennel seeds help in digestion.

A few spices like green chillies or red chili powder add some pungency and heat to the dish.

Depending on the recipe, the spices are added whole or in their powdered/ground form to the food.

List of Spices Names

EnglishHindiTamilKannadaMarathiKonkaniGujarati
Aniseeds, fennel seedsSaunfSombu Badishop Variyali
AsafoetidaHingPerumkayam, perungayaHinguHingHinguHing
Basil seeds, sweet basilSabja seeds, subja, falooda seeds, tukmaria  Sabja seeds Tukmariya
Bay LeafIndian tej patta, tamalpatraBrinji elai   Tamal patra
Big mustard seedsSarson    Sarsav
Black cardamomBadi elaichiPeriya elakkai   Elcho
Black cumin seedsKala jeeraKarung seeragam    
Black mustard seedsRaiKadughu   Rai
Black pepperKali mirchMilaguMenasinkaluKali miri Mari
Black saltKala namak    Sanchal
Caraway seedsShahjeeraPerum seeragam   Shahjeera
Carom seeds,
Thymol seeds,
Bishops weed
AjwainOmamOwaOwaWonwoAjmo
Chilli powderLal mirch powderMilagai tool   Marchu powder
CinnamonDalchiniLavanga pattai, pattaiDalchiniDalchiniDalchiniTaja
Clarified butterGheeNei   Ghee
ClovesLaung, lavangKrambu   Laving
Coconut desiccatedSukha nariyal ka choora/booraThuruvina thengai   Topranu khaman
Coconut drySukha nariyalUlarndha thengai Copra Copra, khopru
Coconut freshNariyalThengai Chobra Khopru, topru
Coriander powderDhania powderDhaniya podi Dhane pood  
Coriander seedsSabut dhaniaKottumalli
Vidai, dhaniya
 Dhane Kothmir na dana
Coriander, cilantroDhaniya, dhaniaKothamalli ilai   Kothmari/kothmir
Cumin seedsJeeraJeerakam   Jeeru
Curry leavesKari patta, kadipathaKaruveppilai   Limda, mitho limbdo
Dry fenugreek leavesKasoori methiKaaindha vendhaya ilaigal    
Dry gingerSaunth, sounth, soonthSukkuSunthiSunthSunthiSunth
Dry mango powderAmchurMangai podiMavinkai
Churu
Ambyacha
Chur
AmchurAmchur
Fenugreek seedsMethi ke daneMenthiyam, Vendhayam Methya dane Methi dana
Fenugreek LeavesMethiVendhaya Keerai    
GarlicLasan, lahsun, lahsanPoondu Lasun Lasan
Fresh gingerAdrak, adhrakInji Ala Adu
Dry gingerSaunth, sonthSukku Sunth Sunth
Green cardamomHari elaichi, choti elaichiElakkai Veldoda. Velchi Elchi
Green chilliHari mirchPachai milagai Hirvi mirchi Chidiya marcha/lilu marchu
Ground nut, peanutsMoongphalli, mungphaliNila kadalei Sheng dane Shing
Holy basilTulsiTulasi Tulas Tulsi
JaggeryGurVellamBellaGulGodGol
Palm jaggeryTara gura, sharkara tadaPana vellam    
LimeNimboo, nimbuElumichai Limbu Limbu
Cocum, kokumBhirinda, bhirnda  Kokam, aamsul  
Lime peelNimbu ka chilkaElumichai thol    
MaceJayitri, javitri, javntryJaipatriJaipatriJaipatriJaipatriJavintri
MintPudina, podinaPudina, pudhina Pudina Phudino
NutmegJaiphalJhadhikkai Jaiphal Jaiphal
Onion seeds,
Nigella
Kalonji, kalaungiKalonji   Kalonji
Pine nutsChilgoze, nioze     
Dry pomegranate seedsAnardanaKaaindha maadhulai vidhaigal   Dadum na dana
Poppy seedsKhus khusKhasa khasa Khas Khas khas
RaisinsKismishKaindha dratchai / ularndha dratchai Bedane Suki draksh
Red chilliLal mirchMilakai Vatral Lal mirchi  
Rock saltSendha namakKal uppu Sendhe laun Sindhalu
Mithu
Rock flower,
Stone flower
Pathar phoolKalpaasi Dagad phool  
SaltNamakUppu Meeth Mithu
Sesame seedsTilEllu Til Tul
SaffronKunkuma, kesar, zafranKumkumappu Keshar Kesar
Screwpine, pandanusKewraRambai ilaigal    
Sichuan pepper,
Szechwan pepper
Timur, tirphal, tephal, teppal     
Star aniseChakriphoolLavanga poo    
SultanasMunakka     
TamarindImliPuli Chincha  
TurmericHaldiManjal Halad  
VetiverKhus     
VinegarSirka     
 water melon seedsTarbuj ke beejTharboosani vidhaigal    

Note – if you know the name of any spices in any regional Indian language and want to update it in this post… Then do leave it in the comment section and we will update the post. If we have missed any spices, then also you can let us know. Thanks in advance.

Many thanks to all readers who shared the name of spices in regional languages with us through emails and the comments below.

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280 Comments

    1. Dry ginger in root form and in powdered form it is dry ginger powder or ground ginger.

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