Spices Names – List of Indian Spices Names in English and Hindi

Glossary of some commonly used Indian Spices is presented here:

 

Spices Names

EnglishHindiTamilKannadaMarathiKonkaniGujaratiNotes – recipes and uses
Aniseeds, fennel seedsSaunfSombuBadishopVariyali
AsafoetidaHingPerumkayam, perungayaHinguHingHinguHingGood for digestion
Basil seeds, sweet basilSabja seeds, subja, falooda seeds, tukmariaSabja seedsTukmariyaAdded to falooda
Bay LeafIndian tej patta, tamalpatraBrinji elaiTamal patraTej patta leaves are commonly called as Indian bay leaves.
But they are not related to the bay laurel leaves.
Both have different appearance and aroma.
Tej patta has an aroma similar to that of cinnamon bark
While bay leaves have a lemony aroma.
Big mustard seedsSarsonSarsav
Black cardamomBadi elaichiPeriya elakkaiElcho
Black cumin seedsKala jeeraKarung seeragam
Black mustard seedsRaiKadughuRai
Black pepperKali mirchMilaguMenasinkaluKali miriMari
Black saltKala namakSanchalUsed in shinkanjvi – Indian lemonade.
You can add them in fruit juices.
It has a sulphric taste & add a lot of zing to the drink
Caraway seedsShahjeeraPerum seeragamShahjeera
Carom seeds,
Thymol seeds,
Bishops weed
AjwainOmamOwaOwaWonwoAjmo
Chilli powderLal mirch powderMilagai toolMarchu powder
CinnamonDalchiniLavanga pattai, pattaiDal chiniDal chiniDal chiniTaja
Clarified butterGheeNeiGhee
ClovesLaung, lavangKrambuLaving
Coconut desiccatedSukha nariyal ka choora/booraThuruvina thengaiTopranu khaman
Coconut drySukha nariyalUlarndha thengaiCopraCopra, khopru
Coconut freshNariyalThengaiChobraKhopru, topru
Coriander powderDhania powderDhaniya podiDhane pood
Coriander seedsSabut dhaniaKottumalli
Vidai, dhaniya
DhaneKothmir na dana
Coriander, cilantroDhaniya, dhaniaKothamalli ilaiKothmari/kothmir
Cumin seedsJeeraJeerakamJeeru
Curry leavesKari patta, kadipathaKaruveppilaiLimda, mitho limbdo
Dry fenugreek leavesKasoori methiKaaindha vendhaya ilaigal
Dry gingerSaunth, sounth, soonthSukkuSunthiSunthSunthiSunthSaunth chutney recipe
Dry mango powderAmchurMangai podiMavinkai
Churu
Ambyacha
Chur
AmchurAmchurVery often added in Punjabi recipes like chole, rajma
Fenugreek seedsMethi ke daneMenthiyam,
Ventiyam
Methya daneMethi dana
FenugreekMethiVenThaiam
GarlicLasan, lahsun, lahsanPoonduLasunLasan
Fresh gingerAdrak, adhrakInjiAlaAdu
Dry gingerSaunth, sonthSukkuSunthSunth
Green cardamomHari elaichi, choti elaichiElakkaiVeldoda. VelchiElchi
Green chilliHari mirchPachai milagaiHirvi mirchiChidiya marcha/lilu marchu
Ground nut, peanutsMoongphalli, mungphaliNila kadaleiSheng daneShing
Holy basilTulsiTulasiTulasTulsi
JaggeryGurVellamBellaGulGodGol
Palm jaggeryTara gura, sharkara tadaPana vellam
LimeNimboo, nimbuElumichaiLimbuLimbu
Cocum, kokumBhirinda, bhirndaKokam, aamsul
Lime peelNimbu ka chilkaElumichai thol
MaceJayitri, javitri, javntryJaipatriJaipatriJaipatriJaipatriJavintri
MintPudina, podinaPudina, pudhinaPudinaPhudino
NutmegJaiphalJhadhikkaiJaiphalJaiphal
Onion seeds,
Nigella
Kalonji, kalaungiKalonjiKalonji
Pine nutsChilgoze, nioze
Dry pomegranate seedsAnardanaKaaindha maadhulai vidhaigalDadum na dana
Poppy seedsKhus khusKhasa khasaKhasKhas khas
RaisinsKismishKaindha dratchai / ularndha dratchaiBedaneSuki draksh
Red chilliLal mirchMilakai
Vatral
Lal mirchi
Rock saltSendha namakKal uppuSendhe launSindhalu
Mithu
Used in religious fasting as common salt
Is not allowed during fasting/vrat
Rock flower,
Stone flower
Pathar phoolKalpaasiDagad phool
SaltNamakUppuMeethMithu
Sesame seedsTilElluTilTul
SaffronKunkuma, kesar, zafranKumkumappuKesharKesar
Screwpine, pandanusKewraRambai ilaigal
Sichuan pepper,
Szechwan pepper
Timur, tirphal, tephal, teppal
Star aniseChakriphoolLavanga poo
SultanasMunakkaEasily available in north India
TamarindImliPuliChincha
TurmericHaldiManjalHalad
VetiverKhus
VinegarSirka
 water melon seedsTarbuj ke beejTharboosani vidhaigal

Note – if you know the name of any spices in any regional Indian language and want to update it in this post… Then do leave it in the comment section and we will update the post. If we have missed any spices, then also you can let us know. Thanks in advance.

Many thanks to all readers who shared the name of spices in regional languages.

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