Spices Names – List of Indian Spices Names in English and Hindi

Glossary of some commonly used Indian Spices is presented here:

Spices Names

 

English Hindi Tamil Kannada Marathi Konkani Gujarati Notes – recipes and uses
Aniseeds, fennel seeds Saunf Sombu Badishop Variyali
Asafoetida Hing Perumkayam, perungaya Hingu Hing Hingu Hing Good for digestion
Basil seeds, sweet basil Sabja seeds, subja, falooda seeds, tukmaria Sabja seeds Tukmariya Added to falooda
Bay Leaf Indian tej patta, tamalpatra Brinji elai Tamal patra Tej patta leaves are commonly called as Indian bay leaves.
But they are not related to the bay laurel leaves.
Both have different appearance and aroma.
Tej patta has an aroma similar to that of cinnamon bark
While bay leaves have a lemony aroma.
Big mustard seeds Sarson Sarsav
Black cardamom Badi elaichi Periya elakkai Elcho
Black cumin seeds Kala jeera Karung seeragam
Black mustard seeds Rai Kadughu Rai
Black pepper Kali mirch Milagu Menasinkalu Kali miri Mari
Black salt Kala namak Sanchal Used in shinkanjvi – Indian lemonade.
You can add them in fruit juices.
It has a sulphric taste & add a lot of zing to the drink
Caraway seeds Shahjeera Perum seeragam Shahjeera
Carom seeds,
Thymol seeds,
Bishops weed
Ajwain Omam Owa Owa Wonwo Ajmo
Chilli powder Lal mirch powder Milagai tool Marchu powder
Cinnamon Dalchini Lavanga pattai, pattai Dal chini Dal chini Dal chini Taja
Clarified butter Ghee Nei Ghee
Cloves Laung, lavang Krambu Laving
Coconut desiccated Sukha nariyal ka choora/boora Thuruvina thengai Topranu khaman
Coconut dry Sukha nariyal Ularndha thengai Copra Copra, khopru
Coconut fresh Nariyal Thengai Chobra Khopru, topru
Coriander powder Dhania powder Dhaniya podi Dhane pood
Coriander seeds Sabut dhania Kottumalli
Vidai, dhaniya
Dhane Kothmir na dana
Coriander, cilantro Dhaniya, dhania Kothamalli ilai Kothmari/kothmir
Cumin seeds Jeera Jeerakam Jeeru
Curry leaves Kari patta, kadipatha Karuveppilai Limda, mitho limbdo
Dry fenugreek leaves Kasoori methi Kaaindha vendhaya ilaigal
Dry ginger Saunth, sounth, soonth Sukku Sunthi Sunth Sunthi Sunth Saunth chutney recipe
Dry mango powder Amchur Mangai podi Mavinkai
Churu
Ambyacha
Chur
Amchur Amchur Very often added in Punjabi recipes like chole, rajma
Fenugreek seeds Methi ke dane Menthiyam,
Ventiyam
Methya dane Methi dana
Fenugreek Methi VenThaiam
Garlic Lasan, lahsun, lahsan Poondu Lasun Lasan
Fresh ginger Adrak, adhrak Inji Ala Adu
Dry ginger Saunth, sonth Sukku Sunth Sunth
Green cardamom Hari elaichi, choti elaichi Elakkai Veldoda. Velchi Elchi
Green chilli Hari mirch Pachai milagai Hirvi mirchi Chidiya marcha/lilu marchu
Ground nut, peanuts Moongphalli, mungphali Nila kadalei Sheng dane Shing
Holy basil Tulsi Tulasi Tulas Tulsi
Jaggery Gur Vellam Bella Gul God Gol
Palm jaggery Tara gura, sharkara tada Pana vellam
Lime Nimboo, nimbu Elumichai Limbu Limbu
Cocum, kokum Bhirinda, bhirnda Kokam, aamsul
Lime peel Nimbu ka chilka Elumichai thol
Mace Jayitri, javitri, javntry Jaipatri Jaipatri Jaipatri Jaipatri Javintri
Mint Pudina, podina Pudina, pudhina Pudina Phudino
Nutmeg Jaiphal Jhadhikkai Jaiphal Jaiphal
Onion seeds,
Nigella
Kalonji, kalaungi Kalonji Kalonji
Pine nuts Chilgoze, nioze
Dry pomegranate seeds Anardana Kaaindha maadhulai vidhaigal Dadum na dana
Poppy seeds Khus khus Khasa khasa Khas Khas khas
Raisins Kismish Kaindha dratchai / ularndha dratchai Bedane Suki draksh
Red chilli Lal mirch Milakai
Vatral
Lal mirchi
Rock salt Sendha namak Kal uppu Sendhe laun Sindhalu
Mithu
Used in religious fasting as common salt
Is not allowed during fasting/vrat
Rock flower,
Stone flower
Pathar phool Kalpaasi Dagad phool
Salt Namak Uppu Meeth Mithu
Sesame seeds Til Ellu Til Tul
Saffron Kunkuma, kesar, zafran Kumkumappu Keshar Kesar
Screwpine, pandanus Kewra Rambai ilaigal
Sichuan pepper,
Szechwan pepper
Timur, tirphal, tephal, teppal
Star anise Chakriphool Lavanga poo
Sultanas Munakka Easily available in north India
Tamarind Imli Puli Chincha
Turmeric Haldi Manjal Halad
Vetiver Khus
Vinegar Sirka
 water melon seeds Tarbuj ke beej Tharboosani vidhaigal

Note – if you know the name of any spices in any regional Indian language and want to update it in this post… Then do leave it in the comment section and we will update the post. If we have missed any spices, then also you can let us know. Thanks in advance.

Many thanks to all readers who shared the name of spices in regional languages.

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    1. Dry ginger in root form and in powdered form it is dry ginger powder or ground ginger.

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