Ajwain Paratha (Carom Seeds Flatbread)

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Ajwain paratha is a fragrant, layered flatbread variant. These flaky parathas are made with unleavened whole wheat dough and flavored with carom seeds (ajwain). They are easy to make and pairs well with many Indian sides. Ajwain is also known as carom seeds or thymol seeds or bishops weed in English and omam or owa or ajmo in some regional Indian languages.

ajwain paratha served on a white plate

I make this ajwain ka paratha often for breakfasts or quick brunch. Some days when I am too tied up, I simply make these parathas or Onion paratha and we have them with Mango pickle or a side vegetable dish like Aloo matar, Aloo gobi, Matar paneer, Veg korma or dal recipes like Dal fry, Dal tadka etc.

These ajwain parathas dry out after cooling, so they are best had hot. They are made with a special folding technique which gives the parathas a square or a triangle shape. Much similar to the way I make the classic Paratha Recipe. So I have included step by step photos in this post.

There is another way of making these flatbreads where the carom seeds are mixed with the dough. But this method that is followed in my family makes for a better tasting and flavored carom seeds flatbread.

These parathas can be roasted with oil or ghee. Back home in Delhi, the family fries the Parathas with lots of ghee. The taste is much different when you use ghee than oil for roasting.

These ajwain parathas are flaky and have to be roasted on a hot tava or griddle or skillet. If you roast them on a warm tava, they become dense and hard. But make sure that you keep on regulating the temperature while frying as a very hot tava may burn the paratha.

Secondly, they have to be roasted in good amounts of ghee or oil, so don’t be a miser. This is what makes these parathas crisp and flaky.

Ajwain or carom seeds (also known as bishop’s weed) Lend their fragrant aroma to these parathas. Ajwain has digestive properties and hence they are added to masala puris, Pakora, Chole masala and Samosa.

ajwain, carom seeds, thymol seeds or bishops weed or omam or owa or ajmo)
Step-by-Step Guide

How to make Ajwain Paratha

1: First knead a soft and smooth dough with 2 cups whole wheat flour, 1 or 2 teaspoon oil or ghee, salt as required and adding water as needed. Cover the bowl and let the dough rest for 20 to 30 minutes.

Later pinch medium sized dough balls from the dough and roll them between your palms to make a neat ball. Flatten one dough ball on a dusted board or surface.

Roll it to a small disc of about 4 inches with a rolling pin. Spread some oil or ghee on this rolled dough. Then sprinkle about ¼ teaspoon or less of ajwain (carom seeds) and 1 to 2 pinches of salt evenly on top.

rolled paratha with ajwain and oil applied to it

2: Fold from one side.

folding paratha on one side

3: Spread some oil or ghee on this folded part.

apply ghee on half folded paratha

4: Fold the second side covering or overlapping the previous folded side.

fold second side of rolled paratha

5: Spread oil or ghee on this side also.

apply ghee or oil again with a spoon

6: Fold vertically now.

Fold vertically now.

7: And continue to fold once more the second side. In the below photo I have placed the folded side touching the rolling board.

continue to fold once more the second side.

8: Press lightly with your palms. Sprinkle some flour and roll with a rolling pin.

Instead of making square paratha you can also triangular folds and roll to a triangle shaped paratha.

start rolling the paratha with a rolling pin

9: Roll to a square or round paratha of about 6 to 7 inches in diameter.

rolled ajwain paratha on a rolling board

10: Heat a tava or griddle or skillet. Keep the heat to medium high to high. When the tawa becomes medium hot, place the rolled paratha.

When one side is slightly and you can see a few blisters and air pockets then turn over. Apply ghee or oil on this and cook till the second side is half cooked.

Then turn over again with a spatula. Apply ghee or oil on this side and cook turning over a few times till both sides are well roasted and cooked uniformly.

Take care the edges are also cooked. You can press the edges with a spatula to aid in cooking.

roasting ajwain paratha on hot tawa

11: A little extra browning is alright too. You can roast these parathas with oil or ghee as you prefer.

Make all paratha this way and serve them hot. If not serving them immediately then stack them in a roti basket or casserole box. But try to have them when they are still hot or warm for the best taste and texture.

While cooking second paratha wipe the tawa with a clean kitchen towel or paper napkin to remove any burnt or browned flour particles.

well roasted ajwain paratha on tawa

12: Serve ajwain ka paratha hot with mango pickle or lemon pickle. Or just enjoy them as is with Indian Masala chai.

You can also serve these flatbreads with vegetable curries like Veg handi, Veg kadai, Veg kurma, aloo gobi matar or lentil recipes like dal fry, dal tadka, Chana dal etc.

ajwain paratha served on a white plate

If you are looking for more Paratha recipes then do check:

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ajwain paratha recipe, punjabi ajwain ka paratha recipe

Ajwain Paratha

Ajwain paratha is a crisp, flaky, layered unleavened whole wheat flatbread stuffed with ajwain (carom seeds). They are usually made for breakfast or lunch.
4.75 from 8 votes
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 30 minutes
Total Time 50 minutes
Cuisine North Indian
Course Breakfast
Diet Vegetarian
Difficulty Level Easy
Servings 10 Ajwain Paratha


For the dough

  • 2 cups whole wheat flour
  • 1 to 2 teaspoons oil or ghee (clarified butter)
  • salt as required
  • water as required for kneading the dough

More Ingredients:

  • 1 tablespoon ajwain (carom seeds or thymol seeds or bishops weed or omam or owa or ajmo)
  • oil or ghee as required for roasting
  • salt as required


  • Mix the salt with the flour. Add the oil/ghee and some water.
  • Knead into a smooth and soft dough. Add some more water if required.
  • Keep the dough covered for 20 to 30 minutes.
  • Take a medium sized ball from the dough.
  • Roll it into a small disc/round of about 4 inches in diameter.
  • Apply or brush oil or ghee on the surface.
  • Sprinkle ¼ teaspoon or less of the ajwain seeds along with 1 to 2 pinches of salt.
  • Fold the dough as shown in the step by step photos above applying ghee or oil.
  • Roll into a paratha of approx 6 to 7 inches diameter.
  • On a hot tawa (skillet or griddle) place the rolled paratha. The tawa should be hot and not at a low temperature. Cooking parathas at a low flame will harden them. Keep the flame to medium-high to high.
  • Fry on a hot tava or griddle with a teaspoon of oil/ghee or more as required till both sides become well browned.
  • You can flip the paratha a couple of times till you see brown spots and the paratha is cooked evenly. Also make sure that the paratha edges are cooked well. If not then press them with a spatula for even cooking. Make all parathas this way.
  • You can serve them hot or stack them in a roti basket to be served later.
  • Serve these ajwain parathas hot or warm with some lemon pickle or mango pickle or raita or with a cup of hot tea.
  • Ajwain paratha can also be served with a side indian veggie dish.


  • A variation to this recipe, is to add some cumin/jeera along with the ajwain.
  • The recipe can be doubled or tripled.
  • For best taste have the parathas hot as they are made.
  • Knead the dough well. It should be smooth, soft and pliable.

Nutrition Info (Approximate Values)

Nutrition Facts
Ajwain Paratha
Amount Per Serving (3 g)
Calories 136 Calories from Fat 54
% Daily Value*
Fat 6g9%
Saturated Fat 3g19%
Monounsaturated Fat 1g
Cholesterol 13mg4%
Potassium 87mg2%
Carbohydrates 17g6%
Fiber 3g13%
Protein 3g6%
Vitamin A 160IU3%
Calcium 8mg1%
Iron 0.9mg5%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.

This Ajwain Paratha recipe post from the archives (first published in February 2013) has been republished and updated on 29 June 2021.

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Welcome to Dassana's Veg Recipes. I share vegetarian recipes from India & around the World. Having been cooking for decades and with a professional background in cooking & baking, I help you to make your cooking journey easier with my tried and tested recipes showcased with step by step photos & plenty of tips & suggestions.

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  1. Thanks for the recommendation.i have made carrot parathas numerous times as it is loved by all.in fact,I made it last week only.
    I always try to give feedback but many times comments section were closed,so I may have skipped this (and few others).Also I know this recipe from memory.so don’t refer the phone.
    Thanking you once again for these simple awesome recipes that daily cooking has become such a pleasure.5 stars

    1. no problem winnie. we had issues with the comment database, so we had to close it many times. but now we have sorted it and so the comments are open. glad to know that you know the recipe by memory. thanks again and welcome.

  2. My children are very fond of parathas,so I am always on the lookout for simple recipes of different varieties which are available in plenty on this site.i made this yesterday for them.they loved it so much that they finished it off in no time.
    This feedback is as given by my daughter(since I did not get to taste it).She just said ‘mazaa aa gaya’ repeatedly till I asked her to stop.i will definitely be making a bigger batch next time.thanking you once again.5 stars

    1. that is great to know. most indian kids are fond of parathas. ajwain paratha is an easy paratha to make. on occasions, i make it for breakfast with some pickle as a side dish. thanks winnie for sharing and i am glad that your daughter liked the paratha. one paratha recipe which i will recommend from the blog is carrot paratha. it is too good and you can give it a try. thanks again.

  3. Your pic 11 in this post has om like character being stood out on paratha. Amazing !

    1. not required. as in this recipe we are basically sprinkling carom seeds while stuffing. so their taste is felt in the parathas.

  4. I have written you before to thank you for the excellent whole wheat bread loaf, which I continue to make and eat with pleasure.

    This time, I am hoping you might help me. I live in Malaysia, but I cannot find Aswan seeds on the island where I live. I know I like them, because I once bought a packet in, of all places, New Jersey on a trip to visit my family. That was years ago, but I stored them in the freezer and they are still strong and fresh. But there is only about a teaspoon left.

    I’m old and I don’t travel much any more, but I do buy things online. I can find them on a couple of websites in the UK, but the shipping is very expensive. Do you know of a website here in Asia that might be a bit more reasonable?

    I love your website, especially the detailed way you give instructions and the personal thoughts you include. I’m sure you’re very busy, so I understand if you can’t help. If you can, I would appreciate it very much. Thank you for your time.

    1. thanks carole ji. the websites which i know only transfer within india. try in some indian stores in malaysia as many indians are settled there. i think its worth spending time in locating a indian store in your city. as you will get many more indian spices and veggies there.

  5. tried it just now, had an awesome food.as a South Indian I don’t often make chapathis also..but happy to know this recipe now.thank you

  6. Ajwain paratha is my fav too….I prepare it when I m bored of usual rotis…looks yumm

  7. friend of mine who were in himachal use to say that she prepare this kind of parantha often 🙂 never knew so many techiniques ! look fabulous

  8. I have never heard of this awesome paratha before and I am loving reading the post.

    Cooking the paratha on a hot griddle is so right for them to be done the right way.

    Also, love my parathas to have generous amounts of ghee on them:)

  9. I too makes these often, this paratha comes to my rescue whenever I am short of time or am lazy to cook :)! I also makes these in triangle shape.

    1. I too make this often, love the subtle flavor of ajawain, I also sprinkle a little bit of atta along with oiling each folds, so that it comes out more flaky.