Plain Paratha | Indian Flatbread

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Paratha recipe with step by step photos – Paratha or paranthas Are Indian flatbread which is often made for breakfast or as a tiffin box to go with pickle.

plain paratha recipe, paratha recipe

Parathas are made in every house. Every home as its own way or method of making parathas.

Basically, parathas are a Category of unleavened Indian flatbreads made with whole wheat flour or atta. There are also stuffed parathas like Aloo paratha, Gobi paratha, Mooli paratha and Paneer paratha which I make often.

I usually make parathas when I make a rich gravy dish like paneer butter masala, chana masala, dal makhani or shahi paneer. Paratha also goes well with lemon or mango pickle or you can have them with a cup of hot tea too. Some people like to dip them in tea and then enjoy eating them.

You can roll the plain paratha in a triangular form or in square form. I have shared both the methods in this post. I call it the folding technique for making parathas. I make parathas as mentioned in this post or the lachedar parathas. The lachedar paratha recipe is on the following link: Lachha paratha.

How to make plain paratha (Indian flatbread)

Kneading dough

1. In a bowl take whole wheat flour. Add salt, oil and water.

making paratha dough

2. Mix and then knead into a smooth soft dough. Add more water if required while kneading. Cover and keep the dough aside for 30 minutes.

kneading paratha dough

Triangular folded plain paratha method

3. Pinch a medium-sized ball from the dough. Flatten and dust with some flour.

paratha dough ball

4. With a rolling pin, roll into a circle of about 4 inches diameter.

rolling paratha

5. Spread some ghee on the dough circle.

making paratha

6. Fold in a half.

making paratha recipe

7. Now spread some ghee on this half folded dough.

making paratha recipe

8. Fold sideways and this time you will get a folded triangle.

making paratha recipe

9. Dust some flour on the folded triangle.

making paratha recipe

10. Now begin to roll the folded triangle.

making paratha recipe

11. Add some flour if required and roll into a circle or triangle of about 6 to 7 inches diameter.

making paratha recipe

Square folded plain paratha method

12. Roll a medium-sized ball on a lightly dusted board to a circle of about 4 to 5 inches in diameter.

rolling paratha

13. Spread some ghee on the rolled dough.

rolling paratha

14. Bring one side of the rolled dough towards the center and press lightly. now spread again some ghee on the folded part.

rolling paratha

15. Fold the opposite side of the rolled dough on top of the folded part. Press lightly. again spread some ghee on this second folded part.

rolling paratha

16. Fold the right side and bring it towards the center. Spread some ghee on this fold too.

rolling paratha

17. Lastly fold the left side on top of the right fold.

rolling paratha

18. Sprinkle some flour on the folded paratha.

rolling paratha

19. Begin to roll. Add some more flour if required while rolling.

making paratha recipe

20. Roll into a square paratha.

making paratha recipe

Roasting plain paratha

21. Heat a tawa (skillet) and place the paratha on the tawa. The tawa should be medium hot.

place paratha on tava

22. You will soon see the paratha puffing up from the base at some places.

frying paratha

23. Flip the paratha when the base is ¼ cooked.

frying paratha

24. Spread some ghee.

frying paratha

25. Flip again when the second side is about ½ cooked. You will see brown spots now.

making paratha recipe

26. Spread some ghee on this side now.

making paratha recipe

27. Flip again a couple of times till you see more brown spots and the paratha is cooked evenly. Make all parathas this way. Either serve the plain paratha hot or stack them in a roti basket. take care that the edges of the paratha are cooked well. You can press the edges with spatula or spoon to do this and use enough oil or ghee to fry them. Also if you want more crisp parathas then fry them more to get more brown crisp spots.

making paratha recipe

28. Serve the plain paratha hot with dal makhani or mango pickle or green chilli pickle or any Indian vegetable curry.

plain paratha recipe, paratha recipe
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Plain Paratha

4.84 from 25 votes
Crisp as well as soft unleavened whole wheat flat Indian bread. Plain paratha are popular breakfast or tiffin recipe that can be served with pickle or any side veggie dish.
Prep Time 35 mins
Cook Time 30 mins
Total Time 1 hr 5 mins

Cuisine Indian
Course: Breakfast

Servings 3
Units

Ingredients

  • 2 cups whole wheat flour (atta)
  • 1 to 2 teaspoon oil or ghee
  • ½ teaspoon salt or add as required
  • water as required for kneading the dough
  • oil or ghee for roasting, add as required

Instructions

kneading dough

  • In a bowl take whole wheat flour. Add salt, oil and water.
  • Mix and then knead into a smooth soft dough. 
  • Add more water if required while kneading. 
  • Cover and keep the dough aside for 30 minutes.

method to make triangular folded plain paratha

  • Pinch a medium sized ball from the dough. Flatten and dust with some flour.
  • With a rolling pin, roll into a circle of about 4 inches diameter.
  • Spread some ghee on the dough circle. Fold in a half.
  • Now spread some ghee on this half folded dough.
  • Fold sideways and this time you will get a folded triangle.
  • Dust some flour on the folded triangle. Now begin to roll the folded triangle.
  • Add some flour if required and roll into a circle of about 6 to 7 inches diameter.

method to make square folded plain paratha

  • Roll a medium sized ball on a lightly dusted board to a circle of about 4 to 5 inches in diameter.
  • Spread some ghee on the rolled dough.
  • Bring one side of rolled dough towards the center and press lightly.
  • Now spread again some ghee on the folded part.
  • Fold the opposite side of the rolled dough on top of the folded part. Press lightly.
  • Again spread some ghee on this second folded part.
  • Fold the right side and bring towards the center. Spread some ghee on this fold too.
  • Lastly fold the left side on top of the right fold.
  • Sprinkle some flour on the folded paratha.
  • Begin to roll. Add some more flour if required while rolling. Roll into a square paratha.

making plain paratha

  • Heat tava (griddle) and place the paratha on the tava. The tawa should be medium hot.
  • You will soon see the paratha puffing up from the base at some places.
  • Flip the paratha when the base is 1/4 cooked. Spread some ghee.
  • Flip again when the second side is about 1/2 cooked. You will see brown spots now.
  • Spread some ghee on this side now.
  • Flip again a couple of times till you see more brown spots and the paratha is cooked evenly. 
  • Make all parathas this way. Either serve them hot or stack them in a roti basket.
  • Serve these plain paratha with any indian dal or vegetable curry or pickle.

Notes

- the recipe can be doubled or tripled.
- if the dough looks dry, then add some water. If the dough looks sticky and moist, then add some extra flour and knead again.

Nutrition Info Approximate values

Nutrition Facts
Plain Paratha
Amount Per Serving
Calories 374 Calories from Fat 126
% Daily Value*
Fat 14g22%
Saturated Fat 8g50%
Cholesterol 30mg10%
Sodium 389mg17%
Potassium 290mg8%
Carbohydrates 58g19%
Fiber 9g38%
Sugar 1g1%
Protein 11g22%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) 1mg67%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 1mg59%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 4mg20%
Vitamin B6 1mg50%
Vitamin E 1mg7%
Vitamin K 2µg2%
Calcium 27mg3%
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 35µg9%
Iron 3mg17%
Magnesium 110mg28%
Phosphorus 286mg29%
Zinc 2mg13%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.

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Dassana Amit

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Welcome to Dassana's Veg Recipes. I share vegetarian recipes from India & around the World. Having been cooking for decades and with a professional background in cooking & baking, I help you to make your cooking journey easier with my tried and tested recipes showcased with step by step photos & plenty of tips & suggestions.

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41 Comments

  1. I have made this recipe 4 or 5 times now and it is so wonderful. Thank you for the detailed steps and photos.5 stars

  2. Hi dassana, I have never used ghee while kneading the dough.. what difference does it make?

    1. ghee give a nice good taste in the parathas. not much of a difference as far as the texture is concerned. even with oil parathas can be soft.

      1. 🙂 Actually I meant to say that I don’t use ghee/oil while making the dough (I use it only when rolling & then frying).. So I want to know why you used it at the dough-making stage?

        1. both ghee and oil just help in making the chapatis or parathas soft. thats the only reason.

  3. Wanted to compliment you, good recipe. I spent the entire day making parathas and they we’re hard as a rock so I figured out finally what was wrong. This was my first time making by hand so the things I was doing wrong might help someone else that is new to making them too. First I wasn’t kneeding long enough, 10 minutes worked. Also I was rolling dough with too much flour. And I let my dough rest in the frig and then cooked while still very cold, It worked much better when I let the dough rest at room temp then cooked and finally what made the biggest difference was when rolling I didn’t flip I rolled only one side then put that side directly on the pan until it rose turning round and round and pressing lightly then flipped to other side for a few seconds then put directly on flame and it puffed up beautiful. I didn’t have atta only all purpose so that probably had a lot to do with it too. But I hope my mistakes help someone else. Thanks again for the wonderful recipe.5 stars

    1. thanks you melmel. also thanks for sharing the suggestions from the mistakes that have happened. in india, we are so used to making parathas, that it never occurs to us that there can be mistakes too. i am sure your detailed comment will help readers who are trying to make parathas for the the first time.

    2. Thanks! This was great feedback. I was making the same mistakes. This is by far the best recipe – the directions and proportion on ingredients is on point. I used the dough blade on my food processor just because I didn’t want to kneed the dough and the parathas came out soft and fluffy. I also used a non-stick frying pan instead of a tava.5 stars

      1. Welcome Nudrat. Glad to know that you liked the paratha recipe. Thanks for sharing your inputs.

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