Ash Gourd Recipe | Kumbalanga Thoran | Ash Gourd Thoran

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You may know ash gourd by other names like white gourd, winter melon, white pumpkin and more regionally as ‘petha’ in India. Here, I’m sharing one of my most favorite ash gourd recipes, the Ash Gourd Thoran – a special from the cuisine of Kerala in South India. It is simply a dry flavorful dish which has no garlic, is vegan and naturally gluten-free. Quite a nutritious pick, I would say.

ash gourd thoran served in a white bowl.

About Thoran

Thoran is a quick, easy preparation that is made by stir frying or sautéing vegetables with a few spices, curry leaves, primarily in coconut oil and is finished with a heap of freshly grated coconut. Traditionally, a thoran is made sans onion and garlic. However, I have added onion to this Ash Gourd Thoran.

The Ash Gourd (called Kumbalanga in Malayalam) is one of the many underestimated vegetables that is available in India and there are not many ash gourd recipes that people are fond of. But trust me, the moment you give this Ash Gourd Thoran a try, it will be an instant hit for your taste buds.

Because sometimes the palate is craving for something super simple, soothing and just comforting at all levels. This is one of those ash gourd recipes which ticks all these requirements and does justice to the mindful way of eating.

Make thoran with different vegetables to get Beans Thoran and Cabbage Thoran. It is also made with carrots and even greens like spinach and plantain peels. Apart from this Ash Gourd Thoran, the Beetroot Thoran is another personal favorite which you must try as well.

This dish is also a part of the Onam feast ‘sadya’ and is commonly consumed with a rice-dal or rice-curry combination.

More on Ash Gourd Thoran

It is easier to make many ash gourd recipes if you are in South India or even Western India like in Maharashtra and Gujarat. As compared to Northern India, where it may be available, but is mainly used to make a typical sweet with its namesake. The sweet ‘petha’ is made with white pumpkin or ash gourd and is famous in Agra, Uttar Pradesh.

I remember my mother using this vegetable to make ash gourd recipes like that of a Sambar and and a few curries or sautés. This Ash Gourd Thoran too is one from her recipe collection. Avial is another well-known Kerala preparation with kumbalanga or ash gourd.

This Ash Gourd recipe is an easy and can be cooked within minutes. Ash gourd has a texture similar to bottle gourd (lauki), but has a distinct taste of its own. So, ash gourd recipes will always taste different than the rest.

You can also have a look at this sweet halwa from South India, called Kashi Halwa which has ash gourd as the hero ingredient.

ash gourd vegetable

You can prepare this Ash Gourd Thoran by adding both onion and garlic, or none. Green chilies can be added according to the level of spiciness you wish to have. The spices are all basic and available most of the times in an Indian home kitchen.

Authentic recipes like these should be made in coconut oil, as far as possible. However, if you have an aversion to this particular oil, go for other vegetable oil. Adding the grated coconut at the end also enhances the flavor. So, try not to skip it.

Serve this Kumbalanga Thoran with dal-rice, sambar-rice or have it with chapati; the choice is completely yours.

Step-by-Step Guide

How make Ash Gourd Thoran


1. Rinse 200 grams ash gourd. Peel it first. Cut into halves or quarter it. Remove the seeds. Later chop into 1 inch pieces or cubes.

chopped ash gourd on a plate.

2. Measure all the spices, chop the onion and green chili. Also, keep the grated coconut ready for the thoran.

measured ingredients for ash gourd thoran.

Make Ash Gourd Thoran

3. In a pan, heat 1 to 1.5 tablespoons coconut oil. Add ½ teaspoon mustard seeds.

mustard seeds added to hot coconut oil in a pan.

4. Let the mustard seeds crackle.

crackling mustard seeds in pan.

5. Add ½ teaspoon cumin seeds.

cumin seeds added to the pan.

6. When the cumin seeds sizzle in the hot oil, add 1 medium size chopped onion or about ⅓ cup chopped onions or shallots or pearl onions.

chopped onion added to the pan.

7. Sauté the onions till translucent on medium-low heat.

frying onions till translucent.

8. Add 12 to 15 curry leaves and 1 finely chopped green chilli (about ½ teaspoon chopped).

curry leaves and chopped green chili added to the pan.

9. Sauté for a few seconds.

frying the onion mixture in the pan.

10. Now, add the chopped ash gourd.

chopped ash gourd added to the pan.

11. Add ½ teaspoon turmeric powder.

turmeric powder added to the pan.

12. Mix well and sauté the vegetable for a minute.

sautéing ash gourd in the pan.

13. Cover the pan and let the ash gourd cook in its own juices.

cooking ash gourd in the covered pan.

14. Keep checking at intervals of 2 to 3 minutes. If the ash gourd appears dry, then add some water. Some ash gourd may require water while cooking.

Some ash gourd may not require water while cooking. It depends on the quality and water content present in the ash gourd, so add water if required.

cooking ash gourd thoran in the pan.

15. Cook for 7 to 8 minutes or till the ash gourd is almost done and tender. Again, the timing will vary as per the quality of ash gourd, pan thickness and heat.

cooking ash gourd thoran in the pan.

16. Once the ash gourd is almost cooked, add ½ cup fresh grated coconut.

fresh grated coconut added to ash gourd thoran in the pan.

17. Mix the coconut well with the vegetable.

coconut mixed with the vegetable.

18. Add salt as required.

adding salt to the vegetable.

19. Cook covered for a couple of minutes.

cooking the ash gourd thoran in the covered pan.

20. Serve Ash Gourd Thoran as a side dish or with dal-rice or sambar-rice. You can also have it with chapati.

ash gourd thoran served in a white bowl.

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ash gourd thoran served in a white bowl.

Ash Gourd Recipe | Ash Gourd Thoran

This Ash Gourd Recipe is a dish from the Kerala Cuisine called Ash Gourd Thoran. It is simply ash gourd cooked in coconut oil with onions, spices, herbs and finished with coconut.
5 from 20 votes
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 20 minutes
Total Time 35 minutes
Cuisine Kerala
Course Side Dish
Diet Gluten Free, Vegan
Difficulty Level Moderate
Servings 3


  • 200 grams ash gourd (kumbalanga or white gourd or petha or winter melon) – peeled and chopped
  • cup finely chopped onions or 1 medium-sized onion
  • 1 green chili – chopped finely or ½ teaspoon, chopped
  • ½ teaspoon mustard seeds
  • ½ teaspoon cumin seeds – optional
  • ½ teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 12 to 15 curry leaves
  • ½ cup fresh grated coconut
  • 1 to 1.5 tablespoons coconut oil
  • salt as required


  • Rinse the ash gourd. Peel and later chop the ash gourd and keep them ready with the chopped onions and green chili. Remove the seeds from the ash gourd.
  • In a pan, heat the coconut oil. Add the mustard seeds and when they pop add the cumin seeds.
  • When the cumin seeds sizzle in the hot oil add the onions. Sauté the onions till transparent on medium-low heat.
  • Add the curry leaves and green chilli. Sauté for a few seconds. 
  • Now add the ash gourd.
  • Add the turmeric powder and saute for a minute.
  • Cover the pan and let the ash gourd cook in its own juices. Do not add water as ash gourd has enough water in it.
    Cook for 7 to 8 minutes till the ash gourd is almost done. Then add the grated coconut.
  • Mix the coconut well with the veggie. Add salt and cook covered for a couple of minutes.
  • Serve ash gourd thoran as a side dish or with dal and rice or sambar and rice. You can also have this dish with chapati.


  • Try to make this dish in coconut oil for the authentic flavor and taste. If you do not prefer coconut oil, then use any neutral flavored oil. 
  • Instead of green chilies, you can use dried red chillies or both. Remove the seeds from the dried red chillies. 
  • Make sure the white pumpkin is fresh and in season. 
  • While cooking, if the pumpkin starts sticking to the pan, add a splash of water. Mix well and continue to cook. 
  • Feel free to add less or more of the fresh grated coconut as needed. Frozen grated coconut can be added instead of fresh coconut.
  • Scale the recipe to make for more servings.

Nutrition Info (Approximate Values)

Nutrition Facts
Ash Gourd Recipe | Ash Gourd Thoran
Amount Per Serving
Calories 133 Calories from Fat 108
% Daily Value*
Fat 12g18%
Saturated Fat 10g63%
Polyunsaturated Fat 0.2g
Monounsaturated Fat 1g
Sodium 443mg19%
Potassium 115mg3%
Carbohydrates 8g3%
Fiber 3g13%
Sugar 3g3%
Protein 1g2%
Vitamin A 30IU1%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) 0.1mg7%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.01mg1%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 8mg40%
Vitamin B6 0.04mg2%
Vitamin C 18mg22%
Vitamin E 0.1mg1%
Vitamin K 0.2µg0%
Calcium 35mg4%
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 88µg22%
Iron 1mg6%
Magnesium 12mg3%
Phosphorus 48mg5%
Zinc 0.3mg2%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.

This Ash Gourd Recipe post from the blog archives first published in March 2011 has been republished and updated on 6 August 2022.

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Meet Dassana

Welcome to Dassana's Veg Recipes. I share vegetarian recipes from India & around the World. Having been cooking for decades and with a professional background in cooking & baking, I help you to make your cooking journey easier with my tried and tested recipes showcased with step by step photos & plenty of tips & suggestions.

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  1. Hello Dassana!

    You know what, I stumbled on a perfect Keto recipe this AshGourd Thoran!
    You could mention that this is perfectly Keto friendly.
    Thanks a lot!


    1. Thank you for letting me know. In a few posts I have mentioned on the recipe being keto friendly. Will keep this in mind.

  2. I follow many recipe of yours. other day paneer butter masala and today for lunch ash gourd thoran. It is good for simple everyday food. Thanks!5 stars

    1. Welcome Prajakta. Glad to know this. Thanks for giving your positive review on recipes.

    1. for this recipe i have used fresh grated coconut. best is to use fresh, but desiccated or dry coconut also works well.

  3. Dassana who says that you are a novice in photography. The receipe simply is superb with the right ingredient mentioned. Only thing salt always needs to be added after adding the vegetable and lastly the coconut scrapes have to be added for garnishing and some coriander leaves.

    1. thanks again neela for your inputs which will help the readers. and i am still struggling with photography and learning it 🙂

  4. Hello Dassana,
    Finally I found Ash gourd at a Chinese supermarket. Yesteday I cooked Mangalorean Ash Gourd curry with coconut milk. I will deffinitely try your recipe. Thanks for posting.

  5. Hi dassana,thanks for the recipe. I love ash gourd ,it looks yummy.I will try it today

  6. Hey Dassana,

    This recipe looks yummy feel like having a grab of it!