appam recipe, how to make appam | kerala appam recipe

appam recipe with step by step photos – these tasty lacy soft hoppers also known as appam or palappam are a popular kerala breakfast served along with vegetable stew. two more popular breakfast recipes from kerala are rice puttu and nool puttu recipe

appam recipe

appam is one of our favorite breakfast combination and once in a month i make appams on weekends. the preparation is like making a dosa batter and needs some prep work before hand.

this appam recipe is made with yeast. i have also posted the recipe of no yeast appam. traditionally appams are fermented with toddy which is a local alcoholic drink made from from palm flower or coconut flower. toddy is also known as “kallu” both in tamil and malayalam. in hindi its called as “tadi”.

since toddy is not available everywhere easily, dry active yeast works as a good substitute. this does not mean that you cannot make appams without yeast. appams can be made without yeast too and i will be adding this version also in some days. the appam made with toddy tastes differently than the appams made with yeast.

to make these appams, i have added fresh grated coconut while grinding the batter instead of coconut milk. you can use coconut milk instead of grated coconut (about 1 cup thick coconut milk would suffice). i have added the yeast directly while grinding, as the grinder gets warmed up while grinding the batter. but you can proof the yeast first and then add it to the batter later.

appams are served with vegetable stew, kadala curry (chickpea curry), potato stew, vegetable korma, coconut chutney or sweetened milk.

i also make a sweet coconut milk that goes very well with appams. the coconut milk is sweetened with jaggery and flavored with cardamom powder. just take required amount of thick coconut milk. add powdered jaggery as required along with a bit of cardamom powder. stir very well till the jaggery is dissolved and serve this sweet coconut milk with the appams.

if you are looking for similar recipes then do check:

appam recipe

Author:Dassana Amit
Prep Time:10 hours
Cook Time:30 minutes
Total Time:10 hours 30 minutes
Servings (change the number to scale):5 to 6
4.87 from 30 votes
appam recipe
appam recipe kerala style - lacy, soft appams from the kerala cuisine. gluten free and vegan.

INGREDIENTS FOR appam recipe

(1 CUP = 250 ML)
  • 2 cups regular rice (sona masoori, basmati, kolam or any variety)
  • 1 cup parboiled rice or boiled rice or idli rice
  • a fistful of poha (aval or parched rice) or cooked rice
  • 1 or 1.5 cups grated coconut Or 1 cup thick coconut milk * check notes
  • ½ teaspoon dry active yeast
  • 2 tablespoon sugar
  • 1 teaspoon salt or add as required
  • water or as required for grinding
  • oil as required

HOW TO MAKE appam recipe

  • rinse both the rice varieties together for a couple of times.
  • soak both the regular rice, parboiled rice in water for 4 to 5 hours.
  • drain and then add them to the grinder. also add the grated coconut, cooked rice or poha/aval, dry active yeast, salt and sugar.
  • you can also proof the yeast separately and then add. just take about 2 to 3 tbsp warm water. add a pinch of sugar and dissolve it. then add the yeast and stir. let this solution sit at room temperature for 10 to 15 mins till it becomes bubbly and frothy. * check notes
  • add required amount of water and grind all the ingredients to a smooth flowing batter
  • pour the batter in a large bowl or pan. cover and keep aside for fermenting for 8 to 12 hours, depending on the temperature conditions.
  • the batter will rise and increase in volume the next day.
  • heat a kadai or an appam pan with handles. smear some oil on the kadai. if using non stick kadai, then skip smearing the oil.
  • spread a ladle full of the batter. turn and tilt the pan so as to spread the batter.
  • cover the pan and let the appam cook. the base would become nicely light golden.
  • make all appams this way.
  • serve the appams hot or warm with vegetable stew or sweetened coconut milk.


*if using coconut milk for grinding the rice, then keep a check on water. you may not need to add water or add very less amounts.
* if using a yeast proofed solution, then add it to the batter once its ground finely. stir and mix very well.
* if the batter become too thin, then add some rice flour to it.
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how to make appam recipe

1. soak 2 cups regular rice and 1 cup parboiled rice in water for 4 to 5 hours.

soak rice for making appam recipe

2. drain and then add them to the grinder. also add 1 to 1.5 cups grated coconut, a fistful of cooked rice/poha, ½ tsp dry active yeast, 1 tsp salt and 2 tbsp sugar. you can also proof the yeast separately and then add (check recipe notes below). since i was grinding in a mixer-grinder, the jar gets warmed up while grinding and thus i added yeast at this stage. thus helping in leavening of the batter.

ingredients for appam recipe

3. add required amount of water and grind all the ingredients…

grinding ingredients for appam recipe

4. to a smooth flowing batter…..

appam batter for kerala style appam recipe

5. pour the batter in a large bowl or pan. cover and keep aside for fermenting for 8 to 11 hours, depending on the temperature conditions. i kept for almost 12 hours. the batter will rise and double up the next day.

appam batter for kerala style appam recipe

6.  this is how a well fermented batter appears…..

appam batter for making kerala style appam recipe

7. heat a kadai with handles or an appam pan. smear some oil on the kadai. if using non stick kadai, then skip smearing the oil. here i have used a kadai to make the appams. but the appam pan or appachatti works best as you get soft fluffy texture in the center and crisp texture towards the circumference. spread a ladle full of the batter. turn and tilt the pan in circles so as to spread the batter. you can also drizzle a few drops of oil if you prefer.

fermented appam batter for appam recipe with yeast

8. cover the pan and let the appam cook till the base becomes nicely light golden.

making kerala style appam recipe

9. remove and serve the appams hot or warm. make all the appams with the batter in a similar way.

making kerala appam recipe

10. appams goes very well with vegetable stew and sweetened coconut milk. i served with both of them. it can also be served with veg korma or potato stew.

kerala appam recipe, appam recipe



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dassana amit

Founder, Chef, Recipe Developer, Food Photographer >> MORE ABOUT US

namaste and welcome to which i started in feb 2009 and is a pure vegetarian blog. i have been passionate about cooking from childhood and began to cook from the age of 10. later having enrolled in a home science degree greatly enhanced my cooking & baking skills and took it to a different level which i now share as foolproof recipes. i was formally trained both in mainstream indian as well as international cuisines.

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109 comments/reviews

  1. Can we use rice flour instead of rice? We can soak it for longer time maybe and add yeast at some stage.

  2. Hi Dassana

    When u use coconut while grinding and then keeping it outside in room temparature for fermentation, is there any chance that the batter may get bad?

    • hi sree, the batter does not get bad. the ground coconut along with the rice gets fermented. since the coconut is finely ground and mixed with rice, it does not get spoiled. hope this helps.

  3. Hi Dassana,
    You say boiled rice or parboiled rice or Idli rice; is the Idli rice boiled? Also, what’s the difference between cooked and boiled/parboiled?
    I haven’t tried making Appams but I gave you 4 stars because I’m an optimist!! Thanks4 stars

    • yes the idli rice is parboiled. cooked rice is raw rice which has been cooked completely and the one we serve with any dal or curry. parboiled rice or boiled rice are rice grains which are partially boiled in the husks. then they are dried and husked. thanks for the rating and i am sure you will love the appam recipe.

  4. Tried the recipe, my first ever try with an appam batter. Turned out perfectly well & everyone enjoyed it thoroughly. Thanks for this wonderful and easy to make recipe.5 stars

  5. Hi mam,
    I tried appam and stew it turn out awesome. Only thing my appam didn’t get that brown color. Instead of yeast what will the option.5 stars

  6. Hello Dassana –

    I have tried a few recipes from your site and I must say – your recipes are failproof!!! Excellent instructions and wonderful pictures too. Thank you for creating this site with so many wonderful (both homely and exotic) recipes that we can follow to much praise from our families:) My 5 year old son especially has been a fan of your Mysore Pak and Kaju Katli since he was maybe 3 years old, and they continue to be favorites of his – so this feedback has been long in coming!!

    I wanted to ask about appam recipe – does this recipe make for only 5 or 6 appams? So if i need about 15-20 appams i would need to triple this recipe?

    Thanks again Dassana

    • thank you SP. glad to read your positive reviews. the appam recipe does not make 5 or 6 appams. by 5 to 6 servings i meant that the recipe serves 5 to 6 people. this appam recipe will easily yield 15 to 20 appams.

  7. Hello,
    I wanted to know after fermentation can we add salt right away and keep it in the fridge or should we should add salt right beforehand we make it ?

    • if you live in a warm or hot climate, then add salt before to avoid over fermentation. if you live in a cool or cold place, then add salt once the batter is fermented.

    • could be that the batter is thin. thats why the appams must be breaking. when grinding you can reduce the amount of water than what you add.

      • one more thing..this time, i made appam as per yr recipe…but got sticky sort of…not soft …
        sory to trouble u again…wat cud be the reason….fermentaion was good….

      • stickiness could be due over fermentation. appam batter if fermented properly won’t be sticky. no problem elizabeth, if any issues happen when making a recipe, you can always let me know.

  8. I liked the way the measurements change with number of servings. How many Appams in a Serving ?5 stars

  9. Hi dassana
    I dont have parboiled rice .
    Can i use regular sonamasoori rice in place of paraboiled rice and
    Will that be like 3 cups of rice totally???

  10. Hi dassana
    What will the shelf life of batter if we keep it in fridge after every usage?
    Will it stay for 3-4 days?

  11. Hello Dasana!
    Can I used normal basmati rice instead of parboiled rice? Would it make any difference Int be appams?

    • you can use use any short grained variety of regular rice. is using basmati rice, the use tukda basmati rice. that said, you can also use regular basmati rice. some change in the texture will be there if you use regular basmati rice.

  12. Hi
    Can i stack the appam one on top of the other? Planning to take them on a trip. Will it stick to each other? If so, how can I avoid it?

    • they will stick to each other. one way is by keeping banana leaves in between the appams. the other way is by keeping butter paper or parchment paper between them.

  13. May I ask what is the difference between boiled rice and cooked rice. Your recipe says use 1 cup of parboiled or boiled rice and then handful of cooked rice.

    • merlyn, parboiled or boiled rice as we call these grains are rice which is parboiled or boiled more. then they are dried and pounded to remove the husks. the grains are then sold commercially. this type of rice is used to make idlis as well as appams. cooked rice is rice which is steamed or cooked that we have with any dal or curry.

  14. Hi, I made the appams twice using your recipe and they came out very well.
    I have one question though, my appams seem to have a slight sour taste/smell, they are not as sweet as I want them to be. What could I be doing wrong ? I followed the measurements exactly. Maybe I need slightly lesser yeast ?5 stars

  15. Hi dear. I made the batter but I forgot to add yeast. Can i substitute it with baking soda or i can add yeast at this stage itself? Please help

    • narmadha, you can add instant yeast or dry active yeast now. for dry active yeast, dissolve the yeast in 1 tablespoon warm water + pinch of sugar solution. let it bubble and froth for 10 to 15 minutes. then add in the batter. cover and keep aside for 30 to 45 minutes. if using instant yeast, add 1/8th teaspoon (about 2 pinches) directly to the batter. mix very well and keep covered for 30 minutes. you can also add baking soda. so just add 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda. mix very well and then use the batter to make appams.

  16. Hi … I am planning to make this for tomorrow s breakfast… Hav made the batter n kept.. I made a small mistake instead of 1/2 tea spn i added 1/2 TV spn dry yeast.. do u think it’s going to get over fermented??

    • yes it will get over fermented. it will also give too much of yeast aroma and flavor. just add 1 cup of idli rava if you have it or soak regular rice in warm water for an hour. then grind it and add to this batter. this will balance the proportion of yeast. adjust sugar and salt as required.