Brinjal sambar is a quick and delicious South Indian sambar variant made with small brinjals (known as baingan in Hindi and kathirikai in the Tamil Language). It includes the usual sambar ingredients like tuvar dal (pigeon pea lentils), onions, tomatoes, tamarind, sambar powder, herbs and spices. Instead of adding various mixed vegetables, this kathirikai sambar is made with brinjal as the star ingredient. If you like brinjals I am sure you will enjoy this sambar variation with full flavors of the brinjal. A vegan recipe.
In this kathirikai sambar, I have used homemade Sambar Powder. Now when using sambar powder, always make your own if you can or buy a good quality sambar powder.
I personally prefer to make my own sambar powder as you know that homemade spice mixes are the best. You know what ingredients you are adding to it and it is packed with full of flavors and anytime better than store-bought ones.
For this brinjal sambar I have used the tiny brinjals with thorns on them. They are also called as gavti brinjal. These country brinjals or native brinjal variety are green in color with thorns on the stems and are generally used for making Bharli Vangi (stuffed brinjals). However, any brinjal or aubergine would be good in the sambar.
I have used the pressure cooker for cooking the dal and then cooking the brinjals too. However, you can also use a pot for cooking the dal and the brinjals. This is a quick recipe of making sambar… And one I often resort to when I have less time.
It makes for a comforting meal when paired with steamed rice, rasam, poriyal by the side. Finish the meal with some Curd Rice and you have a satisfying lunch.
How to make Brinjal Sambar
1. Soak 1.5 to 2 tablespoons of seedless tamarind in ½ cup water for 20 to 25 minutes.
2. Squeeze and extract the pulp from the tamarind. Keep the tamarind pulp aside.
3. Add 1 cup tuvar dal (pigeon pea lentils or arhar dal) with 1 medium-sized quartered onion and 2 pinches of asafoetida powder (hing) with 2.5 to 3 cups water in a pressure cooker.
You can also cook the lentils in a pan or Instant pot adding water as required.
4. Pressure cook the lentils for 8 to 10 minutes on medium to medium-high heat or until they have softened and cooked completely.
5. Quarter or chop 250 to 300 grams brinjals. Soak them in salted water for 15 to 20 minutes. Soaking them in salted water removes the bitterness if any from them.
6. Once the pressure settles down on its own in the cooker, then only open the cooker lid and mash the lentils with a wired whisk or spoon.
7. Now add 2 to 2.5 cups of water or as required. Drain all the water from the chopped brinjals and add them to the cooker.
8. Also add 1 medium to large-sized quartered tomato.
9. Add salt as required, 1 teaspoon red chili powder and ½ teaspoon turmeric powder to the dal.
10. Stir and pressure cook again for 1 whistle on medium to medium-high heat. Let the pressure settle down on its own again and then only open the cooker lid. The brinjals would be tender and cooked by now.
If you prefer you can either lightly saute the brinjal and tomatoes separately in some oil or cook them in some water in a pan. Then add them to the mashed lentils.
11. Now add 2 to 3 tablespoons of sambar powder and the prepared tamarind pulp. Add the sambar powder depending on its fragrance and quality.
12. Simmer for 5 to 6 minutes on low to medium-low heat or till the rawness of the tamarind goes away and the whole mixture has well-blended flavors and taste. Stir often so that the lentils do not stick at the bottom of the cooker.
Making tempering for brinjal sambar
13. Measure and keep all the ingredients ready for tempering.
14. In a small pan, heat 3 to 4 tablespoons of oil. Add 1 teaspoon black mustard seeds and 1 teaspoon urad dal (split and skinned black gram).
You can use sesame oil (gingelly oil) or coconut oil or any neutral flavored oil.
15. Keep stirring and let the mustard seeds splutter and the urad dal turn golden.
16. Add 3 to 4 dry red chilies, 15 to 20 curry leaves and 1 pinch of asafoetida (hing).
You can remove the seeds from the red chilies if you want. Also note that when adding curry leaves the oil will splutter, so be careful.
17. Fry for some seconds till the red chilies change color and curry leaves become crisp.
18. Stir and immediately pour the tempering mixture on the sambar.
19. Cover with a lid, so that the flavors get absorbed.
20. Open the lid after 4 to 5 minutes.
Few more Sambar varieties
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Brinjal Sambar (Kathirikai Sambar)
For Tamarind Pulp
- 1.5 to 2 tablespoons seedless tamarind
- ½ cup water
For Pressure Cooking Lentils
- 1 cup pigeon pea lentils (tuvar dal or arhar dal)
- 1 onion – quartered or sliced (medium sized)
- 2 pinches asafoetida (hing)
- 2.5 to 3 cups water for pressure cooking lentils
Other Ingredients for brinjal sambar
- 250 to 300 grams brinjals (kathirikai or eggplant)
- 2 or 2.5 cups water to be added later
- 1 tomato – quartered (medium to large-sized)
- salt as required
- 1 teaspoon red chili powder
- ½ teaspoon turmeric powder (ground turmeric)
- 2 to 3 tablespoons sambar powder or as required
- 3 to 4 tablespoons oil sesame oil (gingelly oil) or coconut oil or any neutral flavored oil
- 1 teaspoon black mustard seeds
- 1 teaspoon spilt and skinned black gram (urad dal)
- 3 to 4 dry red chilies
- 15 to 20 curry leaves
- 1 pinch asafoetida (hing)
Making brinjal sambar
- Soak the tamarind in water for 20 to 25 minutes.
- Squeeze and extract the pulp from the tamarind. Keep the tamarind pulp aside.
- Boil the tuvar dal with onions and asafoetida powder with 2.5 to 3 cups water in a pressure cooker for 8 to 10 minutes on medium to medium-high heat or until the lentils have completely softened and cooked well.
- Quarter or chop the brinjals. Soak them in salted water for 15 to 20 minutes.
- Once the pressure settles down on its own, then only open the cooker lid and mash the lentils with a spoon or wired whisk.
- Now add water, chopped brinjals, quartered tomatoes, salt, red chili powder, turmeric powder to the dal.
- Stir and pressure cook again for 1 whistle on medium to medium-high heat.
- Let the pressure settle down. The brinjals would be cooked by now.
- Now add the sambar powder, tamarind pulp and simmer the brinjal sambar for 4 to 5 minutes or till the rawness of the tamarind goes away and the whole mixture has well blended flavors and taste.
- In a small pan, heat oil. Add the mustard seed and urad dal.
- Let the mustard seeds splutter and the urad dal turn golden. Fry on a low heat so that the spices do not burn.
- Add dry red chilies, curry leaves and asafoetida. Fry for some seconds until the red chilies change color and curry leaves become crisp.
- Stir and immediately pour the tempering mixture on the sambar.
- Cover with a lid, so ½ the lid after 4 to 5 minutes.
- Garnish with coriander leaves if you prefer.
- Serve the brinjal sambar hot with steamed rice or South Indian recipes like Idli, Dosa varieties or uttapam.
- Use fresh tender brinjals. I suggest soaking the brinjals in salted water to remove their bitterness if any.
- While chopping the brinjals if you see any black spots or worms in them, then discard.
- Preferable use homemade sambar powder or a good brand of sambar powder for the best taste and flavor.
- For a faint sweetness you can consider adding a bit of jaggery.
- For tempering you can use sesame oil (gingelly oil) or coconut oil or any neutral flavored oil.
- The recipe can be scaled to make a small batch.
Nutrition Info (Approximate values)
This Brinjal Sambar recipe post from the blog archives (first published in August 2013) has been updated and republished on 5 July 2021.