punjabi chole masala or chana masala recipe with step by step photos – one easy and yet lip smacking punjabi chole recipe. this is one of the most tried and tested chole recipe. it has been tried not only by me innumerable times, but also by many readers.
the chole recipe has been adapted from anita’s blog. over a period of six years years from the time i adapted this recipe, i made some changes in proportions as well as ingredients. after so many changes, here is the recipe which gives a good balance of spiciness, taste and flavor. so i decided to update this in the post too. the result is a punjabi chole like you get in the streets of delhi and punjab.
the original chole recipe on this blog was published on aug 20 2009. its 7 years now and i have now updated the recipe with the variations and with step by step pics. however, keeping the old pic of the spices i took with mobile when i started the blog, just as a memoir.
to get an authentic taste in the punjabi chole masala, i use dried amla (dried indian gooseberry) and dry pomegranate seeds. the dried amla gives a dark color to the chole, along with a light tang. the pomegranate seeds give a sour taste. now i know that these two ingredients are not easily available everywhere in india as well as in the world. so as a substitute, when i did not get these, two ingredients, i would add dry mango powder (amchur powder) towards the end. in the absence of amchur powder, you can also squeeze some lime juice towards the end.
if you are not fussy about the dark color, then just plainly cook the chickpeas in water with some salt. a pinch of baking soda added while cooking, makes the chickpeas light and soft. i usually do not add baking soda. what contributes to the flavors and aroma of the chole is the freshly ground chole masala. the spices are roasted till they get extra browned and are later ground. this chole masala is then blended with sauted onion-ginger-tomato mixture. this makes the chole more flavorsome.
chole bhature is mine and the family’s favorite dish. when living in delhi and gurgaon, we would get awesome chole bhature in many places. since i do not live in these places any more, i make this recipe often which tastes exactly like the street side chole, minus the heat. since we don’t prefer too spicy food. but you can increase the quantity of red chili powder and garam masala powder to get the extra spice and heat.
punjabi chole masala or chana masala recipe below:
chole masala or chana masala recipe - chole is a popular north indian curry. chole goes well with poori, bhatura, roti, naan or rice.
- 1 cup dried white chickpeas OR 200 grams white chickpeas (garbanzo beans, kabuli chana or safed chole)
- 2.5 to 3 cups water for pressure cooking the chickpeas
- 2 to 3 dried amla OR indian gooseberry or 1 black tea bag, optional
- ½ teaspoon salt or add as required
- 1 medium sized onion, finely chopped
- 1 medium sized tomato, finely chopped
- 2 to 3 small garlic cloves + ½ inch ginger, crushed to a paste in a mortar-pestle or ½ tsp ginger-garlic paste
- ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder (haldi)
- ½ teaspoon red chili powder (lal mirch powder)
- ¼ teaspoon garam masala powder optional
- ¾ to 1 teaspoon amchur powder (dry mango powder), optional and only to be added when you do not have dry pomegranate seeds
- 2 to 3 green chilies slit
- 1 to 1.25 cups water or the stock in which the chickpeas were cooked
- 1.5 to 2 tablespoon oil
- salt as required
- 2 black cardamoms (elaichi)
- 1 inch cinnamon (dalchini)
- 3 to 4 black peppers (sabut kali mirch)
- 2 cloves (lavang)
- 1 medium sized tej patta (indian bay leaf) or 2 small tej patta
- ¼ teaspoon carom seeds (ajwain)
- 1 teaspoon cumin seeds (jeera)
- 1 teaspoon coriander seeds (dhania)
- 1 teaspoon fennel seeds (saunf)
- ½ teaspoon dry pomegranate seeds (anardana)
- 1 to 2 kashmiri dry red chilies (sookhi kashmiri lal mirch)
- some chopped coriander leaves (dhania patta)
- ½ inch ginger (adrak) julienne
- 1 medium onion sliced or chopped
- 1 medium tomato sliced or chopped
- 1 lime (nimbu) sliced or quartered
rinse and soak the chole (chickpeas) in enough water overnight. add enough amount of water as the chole increase in size after soaking it. rinse the soaked chickpeas.
to give a dark color to the chana, traditionally dried amla (indian gooseberries) are added. these also give a faint sourness to the stock. if you do not have dried amla, then add 1 black tea bag.
in a pressure cooker add the chole along with the 3 to 4 dried amla pieces or a tea bag. taj tea bags work very well. then add water
season with salt and pressure cook the chana for 18 to 20 whistles. the chana should be cooked well an softened. the chole should be soft when you mash it with a spoon. the chana should not give you a bite when you eat it.
In a pan, take all the whole spices for the chole masala mentioned above and on a low heat begin to roast them.
stir often and roast the spices till they get extra browned. don't burn them. you have to go beyond a point roasting them even after they become fragrant and they get more browned than what is the norm usually.
let theses roasted spices cool and then grind them finely in a coffee grinder or in a dry grinder.
by now the chana will be cooked. you will see a darker brown shade in the safed (white chana). remove the amla pieces which would have softened by now or the tea bag from the stock.
heat oil in a pan or kadai.add ginger-garlic paste and saute till their raw aroma goes away.
then add chopped onions and saute till the onions turn translucent or light brown.
add tomatoes & saute them till they soften and the oil starts to leave the sides of the masala.
then add the powdered chole masala that we ground, along with the red chili powder, turmeric powder & garam masala powder (optional).
stir the dry masala and then add slit green chilies
add the cooked chole. stir well.
add salt. then add about 1 to 1.25 cups of the stock in which the chana was boiled. you can also water instead.
stir and cover the chana.
simmer on a low to medium flame. you can also cook without the lid. the gravy will thicken and reduce. mash a few chana. this will help thicken the gravy. simmer till you get the consistency you prefer. the consistency is not thin, but medium consistency or dry.
in case, you have not added dry pomegranate seeds while roasting the spices, then you need to add amchur powder (dry mango powder) now. stir.
garnish chole masala with coriander leaves & ginger julienne.
serve the punjabi chole with kulchas, bhaturas, pooris, rotis, along with sliced onions, tomatoes and lime. chole also tastes good with steamed rice or jeera rice.
if you don't have amchur or dried pomegranate seeds then add
lime or lemon juice toward the end.
2. if cooking chole in the pan or pot then:
you have to take enough water in the pot while cooking the chickpeas. it takes a lot of time though. for 1.5 to 2 cups of soaked & drained chickpeas, you can take about 5-6 cups of water. adding a pinch of baking soda in the water along with salt, also helps in the cooking process and the chickpeas become really soft when cooked. you can add about 1 tsp of salt. a little less salt is also alright. i usually add less salt. cover the pot and cook. if the water starts to become frothy, then remove the lid and cook for some minutes. remove the scum if there is any while cooking the chickpeas.
3. you can also use canned chick peas and add them once the tomatoes are sauteed.
step by step punjabi chole or chana masala recipe:
1. wash and soak 1 cup chole (chickpeas) in enough water overnight. add enough amount of water as the chickpeas increase in size after soaking it. rinse the soaked chickpeas in water. pic of rinsed & soaked chickpeas.
2. to give a dark color to the chana, traditionally dried amla (indian gooseberries) are added. these also give a faint sourness to the stock. if you do not have dried amla, then add 1 black tea bag. you can also just cook the chickpeas with salt and water.
3. in a pressure cooker add the chole along with the 2 to 3 dried amla pieces or a tea bag. taj tea bags work very well. then pour 2.5 to 3 cups water.
4. season with ½ tsp salt. stir very well.
5. pressure cook the chana for 18 to 20 whistles. the chana should be cooked well an softened. the chole should be soft when you mash it with a spoon. the chana should not give you a bite when you eat it. if you do not have a pressure cooker, then cook the chickpeas in a pot with plenty of water.
6. meanwhile, in a pan, take all the whole spices for the chole masala and on a low heat begin to roast them. the spices used for masala are following:
2 black cardamoms/elaichi
1 inch cinnamon/dalchini
3 to 4 peppercorns/sabut kali mirch
1 medium indian bay leaf/tej patta or 2 small tej patta
¼ tsp carom seeds/ajwain
1 tsp cumin seeds/jeera
1 tsp coriander seeds/dhania
1 tsp fennel seeds/saunf
½ tsp dry pomegranate seeds/anardana
1 or 2 dry red chilies
7. stir often and roast the spices till they get extra browned. don’t burn them. you have to go beyond a point roasting them, even after they become fragrant and they get more browned than what is the norm usually.
8. the extra browned & roasted chana masala spices below.
9. let theses roasted spices cool and then grind them finely in a coffee grinder or in a dry grinder.
10. by now the chana is cooked. pic below. you will see a darker brown shade in the safed (white chana) or chickpeas. remove the amla pieces which would have softened by now or the tea bag from the stock.
11. heat 1.5 to 2 tbsp oil in a pan or kadai. add ½ tsp ginger-garlic paste and saute till their raw aroma goes away.
12. then add 1 medium sized finely chopped onion and saute till the onions turn translucent or light brown.
13. add 1 medium sized finely chopped tomato.
14. saute the tomatoes till they soften and the oil starts to leave the sides of the masala.
15. then add the powdered spices that we made, along with ½ tsp red chili powder and ¼ tsp turmeric powder.
16. stir well. then add 2 to 3 slit green chilies to the onion-ginger-tomato mixture.
17. add the cooked & drained chole. reserve the stock.
18. stir well.
19. season with salt as per requirement. stir. keep the addition of salt in check as salt is also there in the stock.
20. add about 1 to 1.25 cups of the reserved stock or water. stir well.
21. and cover the chole masala. simmer on a low to medium flame. you can also cook without the lid. the gravy will thicken and reduce. mash a few chana. this will help thicken the gravy. you can keep the consistency you prefer. at home we prefer the chickpeas with a bit of gravy.
22. in case, you have not added dry pomegranate seeds while roasting the spices, then you need to add amchur powder (dry mango powder) now. about 1 tsp amchur powder is enough. however, you can add less or more of it as per your taste. stir very well.
24. garnish punjabi chole asala with chopped onions and coriander leaves. serve the punjabi chole with kulcha, bhaturas, aloo bhatura, poori, naan, along with sliced onions and lime. chole also tastes good with plain rice or jeera rice.