Awadhi Style Mushroom Dum Pukht Biryani

Awadhi Mushroom Dum Pukht Biryani with step by step photos – biryani is a traditional Muslim recipe and is made during id celebrations, but its popularity is so much that it is cooked in almost all homes and is a favorite of many of us.

This dum mushroom biryani Is made in the traditional way of cooking on dum. Dum pukht is a technique of cooking in steam by not allowing the steam to pass.

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mushroom biryani

To know more about dum cooking you can read this popular biryani post – Hyderabadi veg biryani.

This Awadhi mushroom biryani was different from the ones which I make as this one does not have tomatoes and some Indian spice powders. I have also shared a few more versions like:

mushroom dum pukht biryani

I have used Birista in this mushroom dum biryani. for the newbies Birista is crisp fried onions. The onions are sliced and then fried till golden brown. I have used birista in the layers as well as crushed the fried onions and added them to the gravy. And the birista does add a great deal of flavor, aroma and taste to the biryani.

The biryani also has curd, mint leaves along with the usual Indian whole garam masala. vegetables, paneer can also be added instead of mushrooms.

mushroom dum biryani

How to make Awadhi Mushroom Dum Pukht Biryani

1. Firstly wash and clean rice. In a pan cook the rice with the whole garam masala till its ¾th cooked and then keep aside.

partly cooked rice for mushroom biryani

2. When you keep the rice to cook on the pan, then in the meantime to shorten the entire cooking time, clean, rinse and chop the mushrooms and also slice the onions.

chopped mushrooms for mushroom biryani recipe

3. Its time know to make the birista. Heat oil and add sliced onions.

frying onions for mushroom biryani recipe

4. Keep on turning the onions after few minutes to ensure they are evenly fried and browned. Fry the onions till golden brown and keep aside.

birista fried onions for mushroom biryani recipe

5. Warm milk or water and add saffron to it.

saffron for flavoring mushroom biryani

Making gravy for biryani

6. In the same pan in which you fried the onions, heat ghee and saute the caraway seeds/shah jeera and whole garam masala spices till they crackle.

whole garam masala for mushroom biryani

7. Add crushed ginger-garlic or ginger-garlic paste.

ginger garlic for mushroom biryani recipe

8. Fry the ginger garlic paste till their raw aroma disappears.

making mushroom biryani recipe

9. Add the mushrooms to this mixture and saute for 5 mins.

mushrooms mixed

10. In the meantime take ¾th of the fried onions reserving the remaining ¼th for layering. This ¾th of the birista you crush in a mixie or mortar and pestle.

biryani birista

11. Add this crushed fried onions to the mushrooms.

birista added to mushroom biryani

 12. Add chili powder to the mixture and saute for 5 minutes.

adding chili powder to mushroom biryani mixture

13. Then add beaten curd to the mushrooms and mix it thoroughly. I forgot to take a pic of this step. Simmer for 4 to 5 mins. By now the mushrooms are half cooked.

cooking the mushroom gravy

14. If you see that the gravy is dry then add some water to it. Add salt.

water added to mushroom biryani

15. Let the mushroom gravy simmer for a further 10 mins or more till the gravy has thickened and the mushrooms are cooked.

cooked mushroom gravy for mushroom biryani recipe

Assembling the layers of mushroom dum biryani

16. The first layer is the layer of the mushroom gravy. Take a pan and add some spoonfuls of the mushroom gravy in it. Spread it evenly.

the first layer of mushroom biryani recipe

17. Spread the cooked rice evenly on top of the gravy.

the second layer of mushroom biryani recipe

18. Sprinkle the saffron milk on the rice.

saffron added for mushroom biryani recipe

19. Add the fried onions/birista and chopped mint leaves.

fried onions mint added on mushroom biryani layer

20. Now again cover with the mushroom gravy… Our third layer

third layer of mushroom biryani recipe

21. And our last layer is the layer of rice again. Repeat sprinkling the saffron milk and adding the birista and mint leaves. Add some ghee to the last layer.

last layer of mushroom biryani recipe

22. Cover with a lid and keep the assembled biryani to slow cook on dum. Seal the edges of the pan and the lid with aluminum foil if the lid is not tight. Cook for some 20-25 minutes. And now your mushroom dum biryani is ready. This is how it looks from outside the pan.

ready Awadhi mushroom biryani e dum pukht recipe

23. And this is how the biryani looks from inside the pan.

cooked mushroom biryani e dum pukht recipe

24. Serve the yummy Mushroom Dum Pukht biryani with raita, onion lime salad and pickle.

Awadhi mushroom dum biryani recipe

Few more rice recipes for you!

STEP BY STEP PHOTOS ABOVEMany of my recipes have detailed step by step photos and useful tips to help you make it easily and perfectly.

Awadhi Mushroom Dum Pukht Biryani

5 from 6 votes
This awadhi dum mushroom biryani is made in the traditional way of cooking on dum. Dum pukht is a technique of cooking in steam by not allowing the steam to pass.
mushroom dum biryani
Author:Dassana Amit
Prep Time:1 hr
Cook Time:30 mins
Total Time:1 hr 30 mins
Course:main course
Servings (change the number to scale):5
(1 CUP = 250 ML)


for the rice

  • 2 cups basmati rice
  • 2 to 3 tej patta (indian bay leaf)
  • 2 cinnamon each of 1 inch
  • 2 pinches of grated nutmeg
  • 5 green cardamoms
  • 3 to 4 single mace strands
  • 4 cups water
  • salt as required

for the birista

  • 3 large onions, thinly sliced
  • 5 tablespoons oil

for biryani gravy

  • 400 to 500 grams white button mushrooms, chopped or sliced
  • 1.5 inches ginger and 6 to 7 medium garlic crushed or made into paste in a mortar-pestle
  • 1.5 cups beaten curd (yogurt)
  • 1 teaspoon red chili powder or yellow chili powder
  • 2 teaspoon caraway seeds (shah jeera)
  • 4 black peppercorns
  • 1 inch cinnamon
  • 2 to 3 green cardamoms
  • 2 tej patta
  • 2 to 3 single mace strands
  • ¾ portion of the birista (fried onions), crushed
  • 2 tablespoons ghee (clarified butter)
  • salt

for the layers

  • ¼ portion of the birista (fried onions)
  • 14 to 15 strands of saffron dissolved in 2 tablespoon of warm milk or warm water
  • cup chopped mint leaves
  • 1 tablespoon ghee


Making rice

  • Pick, clean and wash the rice.
  • In a pan add the whole spices, water, rice and salt. Cook the rice till its ¾th done.
  • Remove the spices from the rice and keep aside.
  • You could also make a bouquet garni with the rice and cook it with the rice.

Making birista

  • Slice the onions and shallow fry them in oil till they become golden brown.
  • Take care not to burn the onions.
  • Keep aside.

Making gravy for biryani

  • In the same pan which you fried the onions add ghee. If there is leftover oil in the pan, then add 2 tbsp ghee. If there is no leftover oil, then add 3 tbsp ghee. Once the ghee melts add the caraway seeds and all of the whole spices.
  • Saute till the spices crackle. Now add the mushrooms and saute for 5 mins.
  • Add the chili powder and mix it well with the mushroms.
  • Add ¾th of the crushed birista and saute it with the mushrooms for a minute.
  • Now add the beaten curd and mix it with the mushrooms. Simmer for 4-5 minutes.
  • Afterwards add ½ cup of water and salt to the mushrooms and simmer for a further 10 mins or more till the gravy has thickened and the mushrooms have cooked. 

Assembling and Making Awadhi Mushroom Dum Biryani

  • In a pan pour spoonfuls of the mushroom gravy and spread it evenly. This is your first layer.
  • Add the second layer of the cooked rice on top of the first layer.
  • Sprinkle the saffron dissolved milk/water.
  • Also add some birista and chopped mint leaves.
  • Make the third layer of the mushroom gravy.
  • Cover it finally with the fourth layer of rice.
  • Again add the saffron milk and the birista along with chopped mint leaves.
  • Add some dots of ghee here and there.
  • Cover the pan and cook on dum for 20-25 minutes on a low flame.
  • Serve the mushroom dum pukht biryani hot or warm with sliced onions and lemon salad, raita and papad.
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Dassana Amit

Dassana Amitnamaste and welcome to which i started in feb 2009 and is a pure vegetarian blog. i have been passionate about cooking from childhood and began to cook from the age of 10. later having enrolled in a home science degree greatly enhanced my cooking & baking skills and took it to a different level which i now share as foolproof recipes. i was formally trained both in mainstream indian as well as international cuisines.

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40 comments/reviews

  1. Dasanna,thanks for the awesome recipe:) I tried it today and my husband and kid loved it!Simply mind blowing..bahuth shukriya ji:)5 stars

    • thankyou and welcome malini 🙂

  2. This is so tempting… Can I just half the ingredients for two of us.. ? Would the time to cook rice for half reduce ?

    Also approximately how long would I take to cook the basmati rice 3/4.. I have never cooked rice in a pan.. so I have no idea… Do you suggest using any particular brand of basmati rice ?

    Also I do not have any saffron… Should I just skip it.. or there is a substitute for that…

    Thanks in advance…

    • hi neha, you can halve the ingredients proportionately. yes cooking time will reduce by some minutes. basmati rice will take about 10 to 12 minutes to cook.

      just cook the rice till its 3/4th done. i generally used organic basmati rice (24 mantra) or dehradun basmati rice (no brand) or india gate classic basmati rice. skip saffron if you do not have it. no need to add any substitute. for a sweet fragrance, you can add 1 to 2 tsp of rose water or kewra water if you have them.

      • Thank you for answering all my questions… 🙂

        I can’t imagine how much hard work you put in to give us such detailed posts and answer all the queries on top of that… You are so patient…

        Btw… I tried your neer dosa recipe today as it came out really well…

        Thank you soooo much 🙂

        • thanks again neha and welcome 🙂

        • I finally tried this recipe and it was super yummy and flavorful… 🙂 thanks for the detailed instructions again!5 stars

        • thanks and welcome neha. nice to know 🙂

  3. Tried this recipe today… turned out the yummiest biryani recipe ever.. Please do tell us how to use Birista in curry recipes??5 stars

    • thanks for the feedback dhanitri. you can add directly or crush to a semi fine or fine mixture and then add. goes well with any gravy like a tomato based gravy or a curd based gravy.

  4. Thanks for recipe

    • welcome suman

  5. It’s seems good …I ill try dis5 stars

    • thanks sekar

  6. Was browsing Pinterest for some mushroom recipe n stumbled over this page.. Tried it and I must say it was MIND BLOWING… My husband and I whacked it..I did not have saffron, so I used nut milk(cashew+milk) instead…
    Thank u for the recipe… This is a keeper!

    • welcome suda. glad to hear that you and your hubby liked the mushroom biryani. keep visiting the blog.

  7. Hi..I made the biryani today and it turnedout aromatic and delicious..will make it again..5 stars

    • thanks for the feedback suhani.

  8. I am a beginner and biryani lover.Tried this recipe today and came out really really well. I was impressed by myself with the outcome.(Tried many times to get this effect of dum biryani..falied till today)
    Birista i feel makes the difference…Amazing…Getting lot of compliments .Thank you so so so much for this recipe.
    By any chance do you have the chicken dum biryani recipie .Pardon my ignorance if this is solely veg site5 stars

    • hi avisheen. thanks for your feedback. birista make a lot of difference and gives a nice flavor and taste not only to biryanis but even to curry dishes. since this is a vegetarian site, i don’t have chicken dum biryani. however i have shared a vegetable dum biryani earlier.


  10. Hi,
    I absolutely love this biryani! I have made it three times already!
    Just wanted to point out that you have added ginger and garlic in the photos but didn’t mention it in the recipe. Thanks!

    • thanks for letting me know gayatri. will correct it.

  11. Tried this recipe…3 times, it came out better each time, except that when I was cooking on the dum the gravey would get a little burnt. But for that it was really yummy and everyone loved it. I personally liked it better than the veg dum biryani. keep post such wonderful dishes, you’re doing an absolutely great job.

    • thanks dr sankara. i suggest you to use a thick bottomed pan for when dum cooking the biryani. or placing the pan on a hot tava with a low flame and letting the biryani cook. this way the biryani won’t get burned. first heat up the tava and then lower the flame. keep the biryani pan on the tava and let it cook. due to the mushrooms & birista, this biryani gets a special flavor and taste.

  12. Hi Das

    I accidentally discovered your site…from maria420 on foodbuzz
    The recipes you have given are delicious and pictures are wonderful…
    I will definitely try this recipe, as I have not cooked many Awadhi recipes
    Keep up the good work and keep posting new recipes

    • thanks jag for your sweet comments 🙂

  13. Hi Dassana,
    Supriya again please view the below Youghurt raita. Do let me know if the below raita will go with the biryani. I would want to try the complete package.

    Whip curds, salt, sugar, coriander, mint and chillies. Add pomegranate seeds and mix.

    • yup supriya. this raita will be good. you could also add some chaat masala and roasted jeera powder to the raita.

      • Thanks Dassana will surely try it.

  14. Hello Dassana,
    The pics are very tempting!! Wanted to know which type raita will go best with the biryani??

    • the best raita that would go with this biryani would be onion-tomato-cucumber raita or even plain raita with just some roasted jeera powder, black pepper powder, sugar, chili powder and black salt added to the yogurt.

  15. Hi, Dassana! I’ve just discovered your fantastic site. You’ve got wonderful recipes, beautiful photos and very clear instructions. Thanks so much for creating/maintaining this wonderful blog. I have a question about an ingredient in this recipe… What is curd? ( I do apologize for my ignorance…very new to Indian style cooking.)
    Kindest regards,

    • thanks kat for your positive comments.

      curd is yogurt. in india we call it curd and in the rest of the world it is known as yogurt 🙂

  16. I tried this out and it came out really well…. People who tasted really liked it.
    Thank you so much for the pics for the exact steps it really helped me….

    • thanks smitha…

  17. I tried this recipe , and it came out great!!!!!!!! especially the masala gives the biryani a unique flavour….Best part is you don’t have that many ingredients involved and yet the overall flavor of it comes out to be awesome……..Definitely a must try recipe!!!!!!!!

    • you are right, shiwangi. there are not many ingredients in this mushroom dum biryani recipe and yet it is full of flavors and taste. good to know that the biryan was great.

  18. Nice photos explaining the steps. I will try this recipe soon.

    • thanks ramakant… do try the mushroom dum biryani…