Glossary of Cereals Grains in English and Hindi

by dassana amit updated May 24, 2013

Glossary of cereals-grains in English and Hindi is listed here. The first column consists of cereals names in English, whilst the second column consists of cereals names in Hindi.The names of the cereals-grains are listed in an alphabetical order.

  • Cereals – Anaj
  • Barley – Jav, Jau
  • Broken Wheat – Dalia (used in making savory and sweet dishes)
  • Maize – Makki, Makka, Makai
  • Maize Flour – Makai ka atta (used in indian flat breads, popularly known as makki di roti in punjab)
  • Pearl Millet – Bajra (used in making flat breads and is very healthy)
  • Puffed Rice – Murmura, Kurmura (used in making savory mixtures called as chiwda or making poha.)
  • Rice – Chawal (a staple diet of major part of india)
  • Ragi – Ragi (used in making ragi dosa, puddings and dumplings)
  • Rice Flakes, Beaten Rice – Poha, Chiwra
  • Sago – Sabudana (used in making savory and sweet dishes. Sabudana khichdi is famous during fasting. also used as Sabudana Vada )
  • Semolina – Sooji, Rawa, Rava (used for making savory dishes like upma, kheer and halwa)
  • Sorghum – Juar, Jowar
  • Refined Wheat Flour – Maida (usually used in making indian bread like naan, bhatura and indian bread rolls called pav and indian sweets called gulab jamun)
  • Vermicilli – Sevaiyan, Seviyan (used in making sweets and savory dishes)
  • Whole Wheat Grains – Gehun
  • Whole Wheat Flour – Gehun ka Atta (used in making flat breads)
  • Tapioca Pearls – Sabudana

Related Culinary Posts:

  1. Basic Culinary Terms in Indian Cooking
  2. Glossary of Indian Spices in English and Hindi
  3. Glossary of Legumes Lentils in English and Hindi
  4. Glossary of Indian Dry Fruits in English and Hindi

Leave a Comment

{ 50 comments… read them below or add one }

Nolan April 4, 2014 1

Dear Dassana, I am having troubles understanding a flour at my local bazaar. It is called “Charri” flour.
I was hoping you would know what grain it comes from. I thought maybe Sorghum?
I thought you would be the perfect person to ask….


dassana amit April 13, 2014 2

thanks nolan. actually, i googled as this word does not come in my mother tongue language. my results told me its sorghum or jowar. a reader has mentioned below as sabudana, but its not sabudana or tapioca pearls.


anjali kumar March 3, 2014 3

Thanks for this, really helps people with dietary restrictions because of blood sugar and bp problems.


dassana amit March 3, 2014 4

welcome anjali


ruby January 9, 2014 5

Do oats have gluten?


dassana amit January 10, 2014 6

hi ruby, pure oats do not have gluten. but when processed, they might get mixed with wheat etc. read more here –
give me some time to reply to your other comment.


Varun December 23, 2013 7

Kuttu ka atta or Flour for fast food in north india in English ?


dassana amit December 23, 2013 8

Kuttu Ka Atta in english is buck wheat flour.


Partho Vegetarian December 20, 2013 9

“..OAT= JOI,




dassana amit December 20, 2013 10

thanks partho. you have cleared the confusion. even i did not know what oats or barley are called in bengali. i will update the post.


Partho vegetarian December 19, 2013 11

Hi D…
As far as I know that the scientific name of Oat and Barley is different but some sites posted that the bengali name of Oat is Jav and the bengali name of Barley is also Jav… !

Plz clear the matter with reference.


veerupakshi December 17, 2013 12

Its nice collection, no doubt will help too student


manpreet December 16, 2013 13

thanks for providing an easy access .


dassana amit December 16, 2013 14

welcome manpreet


Siddharth December 3, 2013 15

1. You forgot to mention:
Oat- jai ( pronounced ja-ee)

2. You have mentioned sabudana as both Sago and Tapioca pearls. The two are not the same but Sago pearls are similar in appearance to tapioca pearls and the two may be used interchangeably in some dishes.

3. Otherwise you have done a good job, thank you.


dassana December 4, 2013 16

okay. will update the oats part. i know sago and tapioca are technically different. in india, though sabudana is called as sago. its actually the linguistic term used for sabudana in india. i will mention a small note. thanks.


atulya August 28, 2013 17

Please say about “quinoa”. What is the name is quinoa in hindi.


dassana September 6, 2013 18

i don’t know. quinoa is not grown in india and hence there is no hindi term for it. it is basically grown in chile and not in india.


kahini June 22, 2013 19

its to nice it helped me in my project


sajad May 4, 2013 20

what we called oat cereal in punjabi ?


dassana June 10, 2013 21

sajad, i don’t know what we call oat cereal in punjabi.


jatin August 27, 2013 22

In Punjabi, Oats are called “Jawie” or ‘javie”. Not commonly eaten as a cereal, but the oat plant is generally fed to animals in Punjab.


hamy March 23, 2013 23

Can you tell me whats the “RYE”?


dassana March 24, 2013 24

rye is a cereal grain like wheat or jowar or bajra. rye flour is used to make rye breads. not used in india. i have never heard any recipe calling for rye flour in india. please don’t confuse it with rai or mustard seeds that is used in indian cuisine.


SURJEET KAUR March 6, 2013 25

can you suggest some dishes made from jau atta.


dassana March 6, 2013 26

hi surjeet, jau atta or barley flour can be used to make rotis. you can even mix atta, besan and jau atta and make missi rotis. theplas can be made with jowar, bajra and jau atta. its also used to make sattu – a flour made from roasted kala chana and other cereals. sattu is very popular in bihar. in fact the organic multi grain flour which i use, has jau in it. you can also add some of it to pancakes or dosa or idli.


Arun Gupta December 11, 2012 27

Please let me know the English name of Chari ( a small grain in white color ) mostly used by Tamilians.


dassana December 12, 2012 28

hi arun. i don’t know what is the english name of chari.


niyati March 12, 2013 29



dassana March 12, 2013 30

:-) will update soon


Jawar ka atta english name December 4, 2012 31

pls let me know in english, what we call jawar ka atta.


dassana December 6, 2012 32

sorghum flour


SP Sapra November 12, 2012 33

Its useful information…. thanks…


rewa November 3, 2012 34

Hi Dassana ! actually i was trying to find out the proportion of different grains used in making MULTI GRAIN FLOUR. Secondly,is the proportion and grains used in making multigrain flour different for DIFFERENT TYPES OF BLOOD GROUPS. Thirdly, which grains/cereals are used for making flour for REDUCING WEIGHT & in what PROPORTION? Can you help me in solving these problems of mine? Hope to receive your reply very soon. Thanks.


dassana November 4, 2012 35

hi rewa. i do not know the proportion of grains used for making multi grain flour. i would just go by andaz and make the flour. i also don’t know anything about the blood groups and its correlation with the grains. neither i can help you in grains for reducing weight and their proportion. i think these questions require an expert advice from a nutritionist or a physician. they will be able to guide you better.


rohidh October 7, 2012 36



subha August 21, 2012 37

Please update the names of grains (english-tamil) also and if images are there it would be useful.


dassana August 21, 2012 38

thanks for your suggestion subha. i will try to accomplish this mission with images as well as tamil names.


Ashish August 15, 2012 39

Thanks for information, I ended up searching for the name of Jau in english. I thought Oats was the english name for jau. Is Barley & Oats some what similar or same. Are Oats grown in india also.


dassana August 16, 2012 40

Barley and Oats are different cereals. Oats are grown in India, especially in the North but are mainly fed to the cattle. Not all info one finds on search results are correct. Even I have read oats called as jau on some sites.


Ajay Sharma May 17, 2012 41

Can I know hindi of Oat and picture of that also?


dassana May 17, 2012 42

oats are called as jaee/jai/जई in hindi. on google search you can see the pics of oats.


mrunal October 12, 2010 43

please specify grains names separately.n add as much as possible


dassana October 15, 2010 44

thanks for the constructive feedback. when i get time, i will update this post.


GAYATRI MAHAJAN September 7, 2010 45

i want to see the pictures of jav and javas . also what is called in english for that.

what is the difference between jav and javas?


dassana September 7, 2010 46

I know for sure that Jau/Jav is the Hindi name for barley. I have seen barley grains in mumbai in the grocery stores.

I do not know what javas is.

I do not currently have any pictures of barley. You can see the pictures of barley on the following links:

I hope this info helps you.


lulu May 25, 2012 47

Javas is flaxseed.


dassana May 25, 2012 48



ashi September 5, 2010 49

what we call beaten rice in hindi


dassana September 6, 2010 50

Beaten rice is called “poha” in Hindi. It is also known as flattened rice.