Glossary of cereals-grains in English and Hindi is listed here. The first column consists of cereals names in English, whilst the second column consists of cereals names in Hindi.The names of the cereals-grains are listed in an alphabetical order.
- Cereals – Anaj
- Broken Wheat – Dalia (used in making savory and sweet dishes)
- Corn, Maize – Makki, Makka, Makai, Bhutta
- Maize Flour – Makai ka atta (yellowish colored flour used in indian flat breads, popularly known as makki di roti in punjab)
- Corn Flour or Corn Starch – Known in India as Corn Flour. This flour is white in color and is made from the endosperm of the corn. (used as a thickener in soups and Asian or Indo Chinese sauces)
- Semolina – Sooji, Rawa, Rava (used for making savory dishes like upma, kheer and halwa)
- Refined Wheat Flour – Maida (usually used in making indian bread like naan, bhatura and indian bread rolls called pav and indian sweets called gulab jamun)
- Vermicelli – Sevaiyan, Seviyan (used in making sweets and savory dishes)
- Whole Wheat Grains – Gehun
- Whole Wheat Flour – Gehun ka Atta (used in making flat breads)
Gluten Free Grains and Flour:
- Rice – Chawal (a staple diet of major part of india)
- Rice Flakes, Beaten Rice, Parched – Poha, Chiwra
- Rice Flour – Chawal Ka atta
- Idli Rice – Coarsely ground rice used for making idlis
- Puffed Rice – Murmura, Kurmura (used in making savory mixtures called as chiwda or making poha
- Sago, Tapioca – Sabudana (used in making savory and sweet dishes. Sabudana khichdi is famous during fasting. also used as Sabudana Vada. Though commonly called as Sago, these are actually pearls made from the tapioca root and not from the sago plant.
- Amaranth Grain – Rajgira, Ramdana
- Amaranth Flour – Rajgira Atta
- Buckwheat Groats – Sabut Kuttu
- Buckwheat Flour – Kuttu ka Atta
- Cassava or Tapioca Flour – Flour made from Tapioca or Shimla Aloo, Kachalu. In Malayalam its called as Kappa. There is also Sabudana Flour which is made from Sabudana or Tapioca pearls.
- Quinoa – Known as Quinoa or Kinwa. No Hindi Name as these grains are not locally grown.
- Oats – Jai (pronounced Ja-ee) Javie or Jawie (Punjabi), Joi ( Bengali)
- Arrowroot Flour – Arraroot, Araruta, Paniphal. Its a white colored four made from the arrowroot tubers. Used as a thickening and binding agent.
- Water Chestnut Flour – Singhare ka Atta. Used commonly during the Navarati Fasting in India.
Barley – Jav, Jau, Job (Bengali)
- Foxnuts – Makhana
Millets (Gluten Free):
- Pearl Millet – Bajra, Kambu (Tamil) (used in making flat breads and is very healthy)
- Sorghum – Juar, Jowar, Cholam (Tamil)
- Finger Millet – Ragi, Mandua (used in making ragi dosa, puddings and dumplings)
- Foxtail Millet – Kangni (Hindi), Navane (Kannada), Thinai (Tamil), Kang (Gujarati), Rala (Marathi)
- Kodo Millet – Kodra (Hindi), Harka (Kannada) Varagu (Tamil)
- Little Millet – Kutki (Hindi), Samai (Tamil)
- Barnyard Millet – Sama ke chawal, Samvat, Samo, Sanva, Samva, Swang, Varai, Vari, Bhagar, Vrat ke Chawal, Kuthiravaali (Tamil). Used during Vrat or Fasting in India.
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